* Covers all engine types, including piston aero engines * Design principles presented in historical order for progressive understanding * Focuses on major elements to avoid overwhelming or confusing readers * Presents example systems from the US, the UK, Germany, Russia, Europe, China, Japan, and India * Richly illustrated with detailed photographs * Cartoon panels present the subject in an interesting, easy-to-understand way * Contains carefully constructed problems (with a solution manual available to the educator) * Lecture slides and additional problem sets for instructor use
Advanced undergraduate students, graduate students and engineering professionals new to the area of propulsion will find Aerospace Propulsion Systems a highly accessible guide to grasping the key essentials. Field experts will also find that the book is a very useful resource for explaining propulsion issues or technology to engineers, technicians, businessmen, or policy makers. Post-graduates involved in multi-disciplinary research or anybody interested in learning more about spacecraft, aircraft, or engineering would find this book to be a helpful reference.
Lecture materials for instructors available at www.wiley.com/go/wardaero
Preface. Acknowledgments. Outline of Aerospace Propulsion History. Nomenclature. 1 Fundamentals. 1.1 Fundamental Equations. 1.1.1 Review of Terms. 1.1.2 Equation of State for a Perfect Gas. 1.1.3 Law of the Conservation of Mass. 1.1.4 Law of the Conservation of Linear Momentum. 1.1.5 Law of the Conservation of Energy. 1.2 Isentropic Equations. 1.2.1 Isentropic Relationship between Temperature and Pressure. 1.2.2 Isentropic Relationships with Specific Volume. 1.3 Polytropic Processes. 1.4 Total (or Stagnation) Properties. 1.5 Isentropic Principles in Engine Components. 1.5.1 Ducts. 1.5.2 Turbomachinery. 1.5.3 Combustion Chambers (Combustors). 1.5.4 Nozzles. 1.6 Shock Waves. 1.6.1 Normal Shocks. 1.6.2 Oblique Shocks 1.6.3 Conical Shocks. 1.7 Summary. References. Problems. 2 Rockets. 2.1 Background Description. 2.2 Performance of an Ideal Rocket. 2.2.1 Rocket Thrust Equation. 2.2.2 Total and Specific Impulse. 2.2.3 Effective Exhaust Velocity. 2.2.4 Rocket Efficiencies. 2.2.5 Characteristic Velocity. 2.2.6 Thrust Coefficient. 2.3 Solid Rocket Motors. 2.3.1 Colloidal (Homogenous) Propellants. 2.3.2 Composite (Heterogeneous) Propellants. 2.3.3 Composite Modified Double-Based Propellants 2.3.4 Solid Propellant Grain Geometry. 2.3.5 Solid Rocket Motor Casing. 2.3.6 Combustion of Solid Propellants. 2.3.7 Solid Rocket Ignition Systems. 2.4 Liquid Rockets. 2.4.1 Liquid Rocket Propellants. 2.4.2 Liquid Rocket Feed Systems. 2.4.3 Liquid Rocket Injection Systems. 2.4.4 Combustion of Liquid Propellants. 2.4.5 Liquid Rocket Ignition Systems. 2.5 Hybrid Rockets. 2.6 Motor Casing. 2.7 Thrust Chamber. 2.8 Exhaust Nozzles. 2.9 Multi-staging. 2.10 Non-chemical Rockets. 2.11 Rocket Design Methodology. 2.12 Summary. References. Problems. 3 Piston Aerodynamic Engines. 3.1 Background Description. 3.2 Engine Types. 3.2.1 Rotary Engines. 3.2.2 Reciprocating Engines. 3.2.3 Supercharged Reciprocating Engines. 3.2.4 Gas Turbine Propeller Engines. 3.3 Thrust. 3.4 Combustion. 3.4.1 Aviation Fuel. 3.4.2 Specific Fuel Consumption. 3.5 Propeller Design. 3.5.1 General Description. 3.5.2 Power Efficiencies. 3.5.3 Variable Pitch Blades. 3.5.4 Propeller Shapes. 3.5.5 Contra-Rotating Propellers. 3.5.6 Helicopter Rotor Blades. 3.6 Propeller Performance. 3.7 Summary. References. Problems. 4 Gas Turbine Engines. 4.1 Background Description. 4.2 Ideal Gas Turbine Cycle. 4.3 Types of Gas Turbine Engines. 4.3.1 Jet Propulsion Engines. 4.3.2 Shaft Power Engines. 4.4 Engine Cycle Performance. 4.4.1 Jet Propulsion Thrust. 4.4.2 Shaft Power Thrust. 4.4.3 Propulsive Efficiency. 4.4.4 Thermal Efficiency. 4.4.5 Overall Efficiency. 4.4.6 Specific Fuel Consumption. 4.5 Component Performance. 4.5.1 Intakes. 4.5.2 Compressors. 4.5.3 Turbines. 4.5.4 Combustion Chambers (Combustors). 4.5.5 Exhaust Nozzles. 4.6 Engine Performance Analysis. 4.7 Design Point Optimization. 4.8 Component Design. 4.8.1 Intake Design. 4.8.2 Compressor System Design. 4.8.3 Combustion Chambers. 4.8.4 Turbines. 4.8.5 Exhaust Systems. 4.9 Engine Control Systems. 4.10 Summary. References. Problems. 5 Ramjet and Scramjet Engines. 5.1 Background Description. 5.2 Ramjet Engines. 5.2.1 Conventional Ramjet Engines. 5.2.2 Turboramjet Engines. 5.2.3 Analysis of Ramjet Engines. 5.2.4 Ramjet Component Design. 5.3 Scramjet Engines. 5.3.1 Description. 5.3.2 Scramjet Component Design. 5.4 Summary. References. Problems. Appendix A: Gas Tables. Appendix B: Isentropic Flow Tables. Appendix C: Shock Tables. Appendix D: Rocket Propellant Tables. Solutions to Even Numbered Problems. Index.