Thomas L. Hughes, a Minnesota native, graduated (1947) with a B.A. summa cum laude from Carleton College. As a Rhodes Scholar at Balliol College, Oxford, he earned a B. Phil. and M.A. in Politics (1949). He subsequently graduated from Yale Law School with an LLB (JD) degree (1952). He was admitted to the bar of the US Supreme Court, the DC District Court, and the Supreme Court of Minnesota. After two years as an Air Force officer, he was an administrative assistant on Capitol Hill--first to Senator (later Vice President) Hubert Humphrey (1955-58) and then to Congressman (later Under Secretary of State and Ambassador to India) Chester Bowles (1959-60). At various points he served as an associate professor of political science and international relations for the University of Southern California, George Washington University, and Trinity College (Texas). After serving as Deputy Director for Intelligence and Research in the State Department (1961-63), he was appointed by President Kennedy Director (Assistant Secretary) in April 1963. He continued in that position throughout the Johnson Administration. Under the Nixon Administration in 1969-70, he served as Minister and Deputy Chief of Mission in the American Embassy in London. Subsequently, he was President of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in New York and Washington (1971-91). Hughes was chairman of the editorial board of Foreign Policy Magazine during this same period, and was a frequent contributor of articles to professional magazines. He served as chairman of the Mid-Atlantic CLub of Washington and president of the Washington Institute of Foreign Affairs. His trusteeships included: the American Academy of Berlin, the Ditchley Foundation (England), the German Marshall Fund of the US, the Arms Control Association, the Atlantic Council, and the American Institute for Contemporary German Studies. He served on the university boards of visitors of the graduate schools of foreign affairs at Harvard, Princeton, Denver, Minnesota, and Georgetown.