Architectural Research Addressing Societal Challenges
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|Format: ||Hardback, 1296 pages|
|Published In: ||United Kingdom, 13 January 2017|
The escalating interdependecy of nations drives global geopolitics to shift ever more quickly. Societies seem unable to control any change that affects their cities, whether positively or negatively. Challenges are global, but solutions need to be implemented locally. How can architectural research contribute to the future of our changing society? How has it contributed in the past? The theme of the 10th EAAE/ARCC International Conference, "Architectural Research Addressing Societal Challenges", was set to address these questions. This book, Architectural Research Addressing Societal Challenges, includes reviewed papers presented in June 2016, at the 10th EAAE/ARCC International Conference, which was held at the facilities of the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Lisbon. The papers have been further divided into the following five sub-themes: a Changing Society; In Transit - Global Migration; Renaturalization of the City; Emerging Fields of Architectural Practice; and Research on Architectural Education. The EAAE/ARCC International Conference, held under the aegis of the EAAE and of the ARCC, is a conference organized every other year, in collaboration with one of the member schools/ universities of those associations, alternatively in North America or in Europe.
Table of Contents
VOLUME 1 Changing society - In transit-global migration - Renaturalization of the city Changing society Urban transformation Change agents in urban transformation: The case of Helsinki M. Louekari Urban regeneration of former industrial cities. A cure or a curse? The case of Ancoats conservation area in Manchester, England T. Chatzi Rodopoulou & J. Hunt Transporting transformations: A case study of built environment changed by transportation in rural China X. Lin, B. Jia & M. Zhou Emerging patterns of change for tomorrow's cities D.P. Henriques Transformation of Chinese traditional mountain village in contemporary era: The study case of Tangdu Village in Guizhou Province Q. Du Smart solutions in urban development: The medium-sized cities of Bydgoszcz and Rzeszow, Poland O. Gazi'nska Africa: The urban challenge F. Ronco &A. Perino Adaptable structures for emerging socio-cultural changes in Africa D. Donath, B. Rudolf &A. Haile Temporary commercial spaces: Celebrating the 'right to the city' A. Allegri South Africa's new challenges: Planning inclusive connection spaces M. Bodino Smartphone application for long-term urban lifestyle and mobility monitoring L. Sobkova & H.H. Achten Neighborhood design and children's active travel to/from school J.S. Lee, R. Moore & O. Demir The experimental project of spread "social housing" of Real Estate Fund Ca' Granda. Construction of a synthetic index for the implementation of the mobility plan M. Borghi, G. Ferri &A.S. Pavesi Public space and the contemporary city Austerity, subverted C. Chatzichristou & G. Makridis The Guggenheim effect and failed public investment in architecture M. Baptista-Bastos &A. Lau The "Iron Curtain" as urban observatory of the contemporary social contradictions C. Toscani The social [il]logic of [sub]urban exodus: The rise and fall of Nasr City and the evolution of the Egyptian middle class A. elBahrawy Social and political agency of architecture: Performativity and the contemporary global city J. Vela Castillo & M.O. del Santo Mora Twin cities as urban laboratory of the contemporary social contradictions C. Toscani Lines, pipelines, and the contested space of transcontinental fossil fuel transport E.E. Moore & I.M. Volynets Unknown knowns of architecture: Reconstitution of vitality in Boston City Hall Plaza E. Sheikholharam Indian (public) spaces. Transitions and cycles G. Setti The squares in Portugal inventory and the creation of contemporary spaces C.D. Coelho, S.B. Proenca & S.P. Fernandes Evaluating sense of community in the public spaces of residential neighborhoods in Tehran, Iran H.H. Molana The new roof spaces. The legacy of Le Corbusier in the contemporary city A. Como & L. Smeragliuolo Perrotta Sustainable habitat NmeeTon: Self-sustainable habitat for new social challenges E. Aparo, L. Soares & M. Ribeiro Real estate, residency, design and sustainability: Reconsidering innovation and efficacy in development S. Rajan & B.R. Sinclair Shell performativity as a tool for urban action S. Vyzoviti Machinic approaches_new methodologies for responsive environments B. Ucar T.E.S.S. - An interactive sustainability lab D.A. Kratzer Rethinking heritage Life-cycle assessment of historical building reuse: Is the existing building the greenest building? M. Hu Culture, context+environmental design: Reconsidering vernacular in modern Islamic urbanism S. bin Zayyad & B.R. Sinclair Beyond the passage: Analytical probe into the emancipatory potential of space D. C'orovic' & M. Milinkovic' Sustainability and design in heritage rehabilitation A.P. Pinheiro From monument to embodiment: A social case for a more expansive representational strategy for architectural heritage S. Erdogan Ford Participation, social changes and inclusive design Towards an adaptive urbanism beyond hard control: The theories of Johnson and Lefebvre N. Abbasabadi & M. Ashayeri Jahan Khanemloo IEP sites: Combining planning tools to address planning uncertainty M. Bylemans, N. Vallet & M. Van Acker Social challenges meet architecture - from participation to digital fabrication S. Neves &A. Paio Lifelong learning in the context of socialization and sustainable development H. Melkonyan, O. Turchanina &A. Castelbranco Measuring urban ageing. Citta Giardino Torino: A resilient archipelago for the elderly D. Vero & B. Giardino Social sustainability in urban context: Concepts, definitions, and principles A. Mehan & F. Soflaei Mind the GAPs: Are urban planners defined by generational mindsets? M. Del C. Vera Red light at night to enhance cognitive functioning for society's special needs groups E.V. Ellis, D.L. McEachron, E.W. Gonzalez & D.A. Kratzer Classroom design for children on the autistic spectrum A. Mokhov & E.H. Steinfeld The impact of patient room design on airborne hospital-acquired infections A. Copeland &A. Sharag-Eldin Housing Quality of life by design: Study of space usage for affordable housing in Harbin, China M.Wang, H. Mei & X. Zhu Permanence to allow change. The archetypal room: The persistence of the 4x4 room G. Ledent Versions of collectivity in housing architecture: From the modern to the post-human C. Pantelidou A more versatile and adaptable dwelling, for a changing society H. Farias Dutch experiment in co-creation in a collectively commissioned housing project T.T. Veeger & S.J.E. Maussen The sun for all: Social equity and the debate on best solar orientation of high modernist housing U. Poerschke Neighbourhoods with single-family houses growing old H. Muller Dwelling and family diversity: Analysis of housing units and households in Lisbon A.S. Moreira & H. Farias Equality of energy efficiency for low-income housing in the Mississippi Delta E.M. McGlohn & E. Roush-Elliott Housing of prime social need - Polish traditions of socially engaged architecture N. Przesmycka In transit-global migration Vietnamese workforce housing research and design D. Rockwood &T. Duc Quang Knowledge management in post-disaster resettlement housing B. Ballinger & K.D. Silva Jewish neighbourhoods in prewar Poland - an attempt at typology M. Hanzl Refugee shelter: Cheap, fast, lightweight and sustainable O. Chamel "Hospitality now!" from meeting migrant needs to rethinking contemporary urban dwelling. A critical review of two studio experiments J. Kent Fitzsimons Integration of Turkish migrants in Germany: A case study in polarities I. Oz &A. Staub Architecture "with the other 90%" - An African story M.L. Khoury Regeneration of barrack complexes as means to sustainable development M.M. Rudnicka-Bogusz Lisbon and Brasilia: Cities and cultural facilities in the face of globalization S. Guimaraes, R. de Castro Almeida & P. Pereira Renaturalization of the city Concepts Toward a sustainable city-territory in a diffused context: The potential of internal limits G. Vanneste Imbricate ecologies: Rethinking the city-nature relational challenge W. Mansour Urban biophilic environments-a novel lexicon for trans-disciplinary practice D.S. Nicholas, R. Truoncgao,W. Char & S. Anandan Out in the open S. Morgado From structures to landscapes - towards re-conceptualization of the urban condition L. Nyka Sustainable environment Transdisciplinary design framework and a NZE future for the city C.C. Bodurow Regenerative design for achieving net-zero energy commercial buildings in different climate types A. Aksamija &Y.Wang Tall buildings, high expectations, towering responsibilities: Critically considering skyscrapers, urbanism and sustainability F. Alotaibi & B.R. Sinclair Sustainable design and performance of architecture and landscape architecture in urban areas C. Albrecht & U. Poerschke An autopsy of an environmental tragedy: 1995 Chicago heat wave A. Sharag-Eldin, K. Atchison, C.B. Heller, S. Gharehgozlou, H. Haji Molana &W. Lucak Waterfront, urban and landscape design The people's park: A study of the relationship between design and conviviality in Superkilen M. Beltran-Rodriguez & M. Simon Evidence-based design of outdoor learning spaces in winter: Behavioral mapping in a 'Forest School' A. Rout & P. Galpern Re-naturalization of post-war housing estates in Poland. The value of residential green space E. Przesmycka & Z. Napieralska Industrial ruins. A re-cycling approach in researches for dismissed areas A. Massarente The ripple effect: How saving Yamuna river will save Delhi G.I.S. Keith Bartram's bringing boating back: Reviving Philadelphia's Schuylkill River E.V. Ellis Learning from ancient Anatolia: Strategies of naturalization in metropolitan Istanbul T. Frank A city for the eyes of the future - children's visions of the city R. Pelayo, P. Leal & I. Machado A bio-socio integrative approach for future development of waterbodies in Alexandria R.E. Abdel Galil Bottom-up initiatives and urban acupuncture Urban acupuncture as a tool for today's re-naturalization of the city: The non-constructible parcels of municipal Beirut through the case study of the Saifi district D.R. Aouad Neighborhood regeneration and vulnerable youth engagement through micro-level gardening interventions L.M. Farah, C. Li & B. Tardif Constructing urban habitats: Investigating the ecological potential of integrating natural environments into buildings and landscapes in urban areas G. Mangone Camouflage: Design innovation for "Grey Infrastructures" in the city of the future O.E. Bellini Green infrastructure in NewYork City: Top down and bottom up initiatives to improve environmental quality K. Perini VOLUME 2 Emerging fields of architectural practice - Research on architectural education Emerging fields of architectural practice The changing role of the architect Thinking + making: Digital craft as social project S.E. Doyle Emerging research: The architect's personal research through design competitions P. Guilherme & S. Salema Modern architecture Kuwait: The role of the architect R. Camacho The architect and interactive buildings: From builder to composer and conductor? H.H. Achten The emerging role of the architect as systems designer Z. Oztoprak Mapping the expanding and fracturing field of architecture S.M. Golden Designing for a sustainable environment On the ground ...and into the air - Research & Development for an eco-friendly habitat on rural commune named Ambert O. Balay & G. Mai Exploration of multiple zone daylighting and energy performance for senior housing Y. Fang & S. Cho Forms of the Earth and elements of the city in Muratori's urban projects G. Tupputi Landscape design and restoration as an educational hub: An experience from Costa Rica J. Cancela &A. Orozco Urban species F. Afonso & K. Jedenov Revisiting forgotten energy technologies - a comparative performance history of a residence with an underfloor air plenum and ground-coupled water-source heat pump L.O. Degelman Evaluating the energy performance under the LEED-ND criteria by using EnergyPlus O. Demir & S. Mirianhosseinabadi Urban glare and death ray potentials from glass towers K.H. Kim & S.-H. Han Statistical analysis of academic performance in Ohio's Green Schools C.B. Heller &A. Sharag-Eldin A framework for commissioning and energy performance measurement and verification in buildings S. Mirianhosseinabadi, S. Cho & S. Song The digital challenge Design and praxis in the post-digital era A.P.C. Buccellato, C.F. Vardeman & H.T. Ferguson Refund Brunelleschi: The redefined role of representation for an integrated building process M. Lo Turco Model as machine/machine as model: Emerging representational devices in stereotomic practice S. Fernando & M. Mindrup Additive architecture: 3D printed architecture B. Peters Laser scanning: The transformation of architectural practice through 3D imaging S. Kim & M. Hylton III Japan, from modernity to today Study on Japanese Art Museums since the SecondWorldWar: Graphic analysis and typology H. Machin & J. Almazan Japanese spirituality, flexibility and design: Influences and impacts on agile architecture+open building B.R. Sinclair The urban persistences and social traditions in the (re)creation of the Japanese urban modernity J.M. Silva Top-down and bottom-up approaches in Tokyo's recent urban re-development projects L. Alessio Research on architectural education Tendencies New schools of thought - an investigation on tendencies in architectural education V. Kaps, C. Martinez-Canavate, J. DeWalsche & J. Soolep Ancient architecture and new meaning in the NewWorld. Current tendencies in the USA C. Giannattasio &A. Pinna Future studio: Preparing students for practice in the global context M. Simon Architectural education circa 2030: Results of master planning research M. Sattler Teaching architecture in the 21st century: The role of research and extension in a transdisciplinary view M.C.P. Tavares & M. Costa Pereira Research by design Case study strategies for designers: Teaching integrative data evaluation M. Sarvimaki From design to research by design: Experimenting pedagogies to face territorial issues J.-P. De Visscher & N.Willemet The European Quarter of Brussels: From district to neighbourhood. The difference between study and research by design G. Ledent & J.-P. De Visscher Design as research: A new trend in architectural design in the United States F. Lian &Y. Song Designing a life-world for designers: A phenomenological inquiry intoWeiss/Manfredi's Center for Architecture and Environmental Design building W.T.Willoughby Sustainable design Transition space and the image of contemporary city P. Haupt Between research and teaching: Green infrastructure for dense urban areas A. Magliocco & K. Perini A passive-first artificial sky: An educational tool B.T. Haglund, D. Gilbert & M. Payne A solar Decathlon House intentionally designed to increase teaching opportunities V.Y. Blouin, D. Albright, D. Harding, U. Heine & D. Pastre The digital challenge A contemplative pause on the integration of digital computational thinking into architectural education R. Ajlouni Decode: Reverse engineering abstract art a method for teaching computer programming to architects I. Vukorep Exploring learning objectives for digital design in architectural education S.E. Doyle & N. Senske The vertical lateral: A model for social impact design education F. Gandhi Designing education in the digitally preformatted age S. Yeshayahu & P. Zawarus How CAAD is changing society's role in architecture T. Maver Evaluating the veridicality of two-dimensional representations of three-dimensional architectural space through physiological response J.A.E. Shields, J.S. Gero & R. Yu Regenerative design - new role for the built environment B.D. Dias Building blocks: Abstraction and iteration B. Shields & J.A.E. Shields Introducing digital soft skills: Bridging the gaps in architectural education S.E. Doyle & N. Senske Participation Architectural synergies: Participatory design and construction of a pavilion prototype A. Michael, O. Kontovourkis & M.C. Phocas FAjunior - Architectural games M. Louro, F. Oliveira & M. Baptista-Bastos Community-driven design aspects of architecture education in Hungary |S. Portschy Applying a blended learning methodology to the study of housing L. Madrazo, C. Sentieri & N. Charalambous Trouble in Happy Valley. The documentation of a research through design collaborative project between a postgraduate Atelier at the Manchester School of Architecture and the local community of a small town S. Stone & L. Sanderson Methods Ethics in architecture: Introducing concepts of power and empowerment A. Staub In search of meaningful interdisciplinary work in architectural education T.R. Rider Spatial imagination and representation, a method for integrating the theory and practice of spatial analysis in architectural education J.C.T. Voorthuis & H.M.T. Aarts Displacements and notes on searching the architecture of the placeless E. Komez Daglioglu & N. Sanaan Bensi Architecture as interface: A constructive method for spatial articulation in architectural education A.P. Baltazar The role of representations in architectural design learning A.Z. Aydemir, B. Pak & K. Scheerlinck Curating and exhibiting architecture: Pedagogy in the gallery context D.L.C. Hennebury An investigation of building systems education in architecture R. Liu & P.V. Marks Structure in architecture - A definition in the poetic tectonic age F.X. Oliveira Architectural responses to societal challenges via design-build programs in architectural education A. ,Sahin Modeling architecture design studio on practice-based integrated "ways of working" T. Collins &T. Hegli Quest for "openness" in architectural pedagogy from 60's onwards S. Turkkan Trading our ivory towers for ones made of wood: Models for solid timber research and education in the US M.K. Donofrio Intermediate landscape regeneration. Implications on architectural education P. Vall-Casas, M. Benages-Albert, A. Cuellar & P. Elinbaum Typo-morphology: From research to architectural education J. Leite & R. Justo Unveiling the city_the case of Aeolou street K. Karvountzi, M. Papavasiliou & E. Konstantinidou The changing academy: Case studies The place of architectural design studios in Portugal in response to the Bologna agreement P.L. Pinto The drawing school in Christiania - architecture education into modern times M. Sprovin Transforming architectural education at the cross roads of the world A.K. Ali The EAAE and the Lisbon School of Architecture-A common history between 1976 and 1986 L. Matos Silva A changing academic community: The faculty of architecture of the University of Lisbon F. Roseta & J. Sousa Morais
About the Author
Manuel Couceiro Da Costa received his PhD in Architecture / Visual Communication in 1993 at the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Lisbon - FAUL. He is associate professor at FAUL, and has worked at an architectural practice since he was a student in 1971. After collaborations with several renowned portuguese ateliers he created his own, Arquetipo Atelier, in 1981. Manuel started his academic and research careers, in 1978, in both ESBAL/FAUL and Lusiada University / Lisbon (1986-2001). He was Dean of FAUL from 2010 to 2012. He has presented lectures in several conferences and universities. Currently Manuel is an European Association for Architectural Education (EAAE) Council Member, President of the General Assembly of the Portuguese Association of Drawing and Geometry Professors (APROGED), a representative of FAUL at the Building Portuguese Technological Platform (PTPC), and researcher at the Research Centre for Architecture, Urbanism and Design (CIAUD) / FAUL and chairman of the EAAE/ARCC International Conference - Lisbon 2016. Filipa Roseta is architect, author and co-editor in the fields of Architecture and Urban design, focusing on modernity, sustainability, and the changing nature of the Academy. She is Auxiliary Professor of Architectural Design at the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Lisbon and researcher at CIAUD (Research Centre for Architecture, Urbanism and Design). Previous academic experience includes: PhD at the Royal College of Art (2009) with the thesis "The Modern Avenue", supported by Gulbenkian Foundation research grant, and MPhil in Contemporary Architectural Culture at FAUTL (2001). Joana Pestana Lages is an urban researcher at CIAUD - University of Lisbon. Since 2002 she works as an architect, freelance or for other offices, namely dRMM Architects in London, or Renzo Piano Workshop in Genoa. She is a doctoral candidate in Urbanism. Her research focuses the challenges of urban interventions on self-produced places in the search for spatial justice. She is a member of GESTUAL, an action-research group focused on the Right to The City. Susana Couceiro Da Costa is master architect (2007, Faculty of Architecture of the University of Lisbon - FAUL). Since then she works mainly as an architect for Portuguese, architectural offices, covering the fields of architecture, urbanism and building. Her research approach focuses in the use of cork applied to architecture.
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