Table of Contents
About the Authors. I. INTRODUCTION. The Art of the Short Story. II.
STORIES. CHINUA ACHEBE, NIGERIAN. Dead Men's Path. Author's
Perspective: Achebe on Modern Africa as the Crossroads of Culture.
SHERWOOD ANDERSON, AMERICAN. Hands. Author's Perspective: Anderson
on Words Not Plot Give Form to a Short Story. MARGARET ATWOOD,
CANADIAN. Happy Endings. Author's Perspective: Atwood on the
Canadian Identity. JAMES BALDWIN, AMERICAN. Sonny's Blues. Author's
Perspective: Baldwin on Race and the African-American Writer. JORGE
LUIS BORGES, ARGENTINE. The Garden of Forking Paths. Author's
Perspective: Borges on Literature as Experience. ALBERT CAMUS,
FRENCH, Born in Algeria. The Guest. Author's Perspective: Camus on
Revolution and Repression in Algeria. RAYMOND CARVER, AMERICAN.
Cathedral. A Small Good Thing. Author's Perspective: Carver on
Commonplace but Precise Language. WILLA CATHER, AMERICAN. Paul's
Case. Author's Perspective: Cather on Art as the Process of
Simplification. JOHN CHEEVER, AMERICAN. The Swimmer. Author's
Perspective: Cheever on Why I Write Short Stories. ANTON CHEKHOV,
RUSSIAN. The Lady with the Pet Dog. Misery. Author's Perspective:
Chekhov on Natural Description and "The Center of Gravity." KATE
CHOPIN, AMERICAN. The Storm. The Story of an Hour. Author's
Perspective: Chopin on Her Writing Method. SANDRA CISNEROS,
AMERICAN. Barbie-Q. Author's Perspective: Cisneros on Style. JOSEPH
CONRAD, POLISH, Naturalized British. The Secret Sharer. Author's
Perspective: Conrad on the Condition of Art. STEPHEN CRANE,
AMERICAN. The Open Boat. Author's Perspective: Crane on The Sinking
of the Commodore. RALPH ELLISON, AMERICAN. A Party Down at the
Square. Author's Perspective: Ellison on Race and Fiction. WILLIAM
FAULKNER, AMERICAN. Barn Burning. A Rose for Emily. Author's
Perspective: Faulkner on The Human Heart in Conflict with Itself.
F. SCOTT FITZGERALD, AMERICAN. Babylon Revisited. Author's
Perspective: Fitzgerald on His Own Literary Aims. GUSTAVE FLAUBERT,
FRENCH. A Simple Heart. Author's Perspective: Flaubert on the Labor
of Style. GABRIEL GARCIA MARQUEZ, COLOMBIAN. A Very Old Man with
Enormous Wings. Author's Perspective: Garcia Marquez on His
Beginnings as a Writer. CHARLOTTE PERKINS GILMAN (1860-1935),
AMERICAN. The Yellow Wallpaper. Author's Perspective: Gilman on Why
I Wrote "The Yellow Wallpaper." NIKOLAI GOGOL, RUSSIAN. The
Overcoat. Author's Perspective: Gogol on Realism. NADINE GORDIMER,
SOUTH AFRICAN. A Company of Laughing Faces. Author's Perspective:
Gordimer on How the Short Story Differs from the Novel. NATHANIEL
HAWTHORNE, AMERICAN. Young Goodman Brown. The Birthmark. Author's
Perspective: Hawthorne on the Public Failure of His Early Stories.
ERNEST HEMINGWAY, AMERICAN. A Clean Well-Lighted Place. Author's
Perspective: Hemingway on One True Sentence. ZORA NEALE HURSTON,
AMERICAN. Sweat. Author's Perspective: Hurston on Eatonville When
You Look at It. SHIRLEY JACKSON (1919-1965), AMERICAN. The Lottery.
Author's Perspective: Jackson on the Public Reception of the
Lottery. HENRY JAMES, AMERICAN. The Real Thing. Author's
Perspective: James on the Mirror of a Consciousness. HA JIN, BORN
IN CHINA, Resident American. Saboteur. Author's Perspective: Jin on
sources of His Fiction. JAMES JOYCE, IRISH. The Dead. Araby.
Author's Perspective: Joyce on Epiphanies. FRANZ KAFKA,
AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN. Before the Law. The Metamorphosis. Author's
Perspective: Kafka on Discussing "The Metamorphosis." D. H.
LAWRENCE, ENGLISH. The Rocking-Horse Winner. Odour of
Chrysanthemums. Author's Perspective: Lawrence on the Novel Is the
Bright Book of Life. URSULA K. LE GUIN, AMERICAN. The Ones Who Walk
Away from Omelas. Author's Perspective: Le Guin on "The Ones Who
Walk Away from Omelas." DORIS LESSING, RHODESIAN, Naturalized
British. A Woman on a Roof. Author's Perspective: Lessing on "My
Beginnings as a Writer." JACK LONDON, AMERICAN. To Build A Fire.
Author's Perspective: London Defending the Factuality of "To Build
a Fire." KATHERINE MANSFIELD, NEW ZEALANDER. The Garden-Party. Miss
Brill. Author's Perspective: Mansfield on "The Garden-Party."
BOBBIE ANN MASON, AMERICAN. Shiloh. Author's Perspective: Mason on
Minimalist Fiction. GUY DE MAUPASSANT, FRENCH. The Necklace.
Author's Perspective: Maupassant on the Realist Method. HERMAN
MELVILLE, AMERICAN. Bartleby, the Scrivener. Author's Perspective:
Melville on Hawthorne and American Literature. YUKIO MISHIMA,
JAPANESE. Patriotism. Author's Perspective: Mishima on the Japanese
Code. ALICE MUNRO, CANADIAN. How I Met My Husband. Author's
Perspective: Munro on How I Write Short Stories. JOYCE CAROL OATES,
AMERICAN. Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? Author's
Perspective: Oates on Productivity and the Critics. FLANNERY
O'CONNOR, AMERICAN. A Good Man Is Hard to Find. Revelation.
Author's Perspective: O'Connor on the Element of Suspense in "A
Good Man Is Hard to Find." EDGAR ALLAN POE, AMERICAN. The Tell-Tale
Heart. The Fall of the House of Usher. Author's Perspective: Poe on
the Tale and Its Effect. KATHERINE ANNE PORTER, AMERICAN. Flowering
Judas. Author's Perspective: Porter on Writing Short Stories.
LESLIE MARMON SILKO, AMERICAN. The Man to Send Rain Clouds.
Author's Perspective: Silko on the Basis of "The Man to Send Rain
Clouds." ISAAC BASHEVIS SINGER, YIDDISH (born in Poland)
Naturalized American. Gimpel the Fool. Author's Perspective: Singer
on the Character of Gimpel. LEO TOLSTOY, RUSSIAN. The Death of Ivan
Ilych. Author's Perspective: Tolstoy on the Moral Responsibilities
of Art. JOHN UPDIKE, AMERICAN. Separating. Author's Perspective:
Updike on Why Write? ALICE WALKER, AMERICAN. Everyday Use. Author's
Perspective: Walker on the Black Woman Writer in America. EUDORA
WELTY, AMERICAN. Why I Live at the P.O. Author's Perspective: Welty
on the Plot of the Short Story. EDITH WHARTON, AMERICAN. Roman
Fever. Author's Perspective: Wharton on the Subject of Short
Stories. VIRGINIA WOOLF, ENGLISH. A Haunted House. Author's
Perspective: Woolf on Women and Fiction. III. WRITING The Elements
of Short Fiction. Plot. Characterization. Point of View. Setting.
Theme. Style. Writing about Fiction. Critical Approaches to
Fiction. Formalist Criticism. Michael Clark, Light and Darkness in
"Sonny's Blues." Biographical Criticism. Virginia Llewellyn Smith,
Chekhov's Attitude to Romantic Love. Historical Criticism. John
King, The Argentinean Context of Borges's Fantastic Fiction.
Psychological Criticism. Daniel Hoffman, The Father-Figure in "The
Tell-Tale Heart." Mythological Criticism. Edmond Volpe, Myth in
Faulkner's "Barn Burning." Sociological Criticism. Daniel P.
Watkins, Money and Labor in "The Rocking-Horse Winner." Gender
Criticism. Juliann Fleenor, Gender and Pathology in "The Yellow
Wallpaper." Reader-Response Criticism. Stanley Fish, An Eskimo "A
Rose for Emily." Deconstructionist Criticism. Roland Barthes, The
Death of the Author. Cultural Studies. Mark Bauerlein, What is
Cultural Studies? IV. GLOSSARY OF LITERARY TERMS. Acknowledgments.
Chronological Listing of Authors and Stories. Listing of Authors
with Second Story. Carver, A Small, Good Thing. Chekhov, Misery.
Chopin, The Story of an Hour. Faulkner, A Rose for Emily.
Hawthorne, The Birthmark. Joyce, Araby. Kafka, Before the Law.
Lawrence, The Odour of Chrysanthemums. Mansfield, Miss Brill.
O'Connor, Revelation. Poe, The Fall of the House of Usher.