BARBARA NOVAK, Professor Emerita at Columbia University and one of the most influential theorists of American art, is the author of several books including American Painting of the 19th Century, and Nature and Culture: American Landscape Painting, 1825-1875. Novak served on the Advisory Council of the Archives of American Art and the Editorial Boards of American Art Journal and College Art Journal. She has also been Commissioner of the National Portrait Gallery and a Fellow at the Society of American Historians. DAVID M. ROBINSON is the Director of the Center for the Humanities and Distinguished Professor of American Literature at Oregon State University. He is the author of numerous publications on the New England Transcendentalists, including Natural Life: Thoreau's Worldly Transcendentalism (2004); Emerson and the Conduct of Life: Pragmatism and Ethical Purpose in the Later Work (1993); and as editor: The Political Emerson: Essential Writings on Politics and Social Reform (2004); and The Spiritual Emerson: Essential Writings (2003). NANCY STULA is the Curator and Deputy Director at the Lyman Allyn Art Museum. She has previously published several articles including "American Artists Abroad and Their Inspiration," American Art Review (October, 2004); and "Christopher Pearse Cranch: Painter of Transcendentalism," in Transient and Permanent: The Transcendental Movement and Its Context (1999, 2002). Stula worked as a research assistant in the Department of American Paintings at the Metropolitan Museum of Art from 1991-1994 and prior to her appointment at the Lyman Allyn, she was on the Art History faculty at the University of Hartford.