As regulation and legislation evolve, the critical need for cost-effective and efficient IT audit and monitoring solutions will continue to grow. Audit and Trace Log Management: Consolidation and Analysis offers a comprehensive introduction and explanation of requirements and problem definition, and also delivers a multidimensional solution set with broad applicability across a wide range of organizations. It provides a wealth of information in the form of process walkthroughs. These include problem determination, requirements gathering, scope definition, risk assessment, compliance objectives, system design and architecture, implementation and operational challenges, product and solution evaluation, communication plans, project management challenges, and determining Return on Investment (ROI). By using templates, tools, and samples that enhance your understanding of processes and solution sets, the author successfully emphasizes the core themes of the book. He also includes many diagrams throughout his discussion that aid in a clear communication of process and solution recommendations. This volume enables you to gain the knowledge, perspective, and insight needed to independently implement a successful audit and monitoring management system tailored to the unique requirements of your organization.
Introduction to Audit Logging The "Why" of Consolidated Audit Logging Taking Stock, What Is in Place Today What Forms or Levels of Logging Do You Currently Perform on This Device? What Is the Volume, Amount of Data Collected in One 24-Hour Period? What Is Your Retention Period; That Is, How Long Do You Keep Retrievable Logs? What Are the Formats for This Retention? 30 Days Online, 30 Days Tape, 3 Months CD? What Is the "Write per Second" Timeframe? How Many Records per Second Are Generated and Logged? Where Are the Logs Stored Today (Locally on the Box, Locally on a Nearby Server, or Remotely)? If Stored Externally, How Are They Transported to the External Store (Syslog, FTP, Other)? Is There a Separate Physical Interface over Which the Logs Are Distributed Out of the Box? What Are the Access Control Mechanisms over Access to the Stored Logs? Who Reviews the Logs? At What Frequency? What Is the Data Classification of This Log Data (Company Secret, Confidential, Internal Use)? Is There a Log Reporting System? How Are the Logs Accessed and Viewed? How Many People in the Organization Are Required to Have Access to These Logs? What Is the Nature of the Reviews: Are Keywords Searched, Summaries, or Just High-Level Eyeing of the Log Data? Are There Additional Log Review, Storage, or Analysis Capabilities That You Would Like to Have over This Log Data? If So, What Are They? The Completed Survey Deciding What to Capture and How to Do It Requirements Gathering for Whole Log Capture The Normalization Process Setting Up Correlation Rules, Putting Your Assembled Infrastructure to Work Security Event Management, Generating Reports from Your System Security Event and Incident Management and Reporting Security Alert Management (SAM) Setting Security Alert Levels and Escalation Processes Security Operations Center (SOC) Reporting The Escalation Process Level 1 Alerts Management Reporting Pulling It All Together and Making Your Case Justifying Your System for Forensic Analysis Gaining Buy-In for Your System Future Implementation Strategies and Value-Added Components
"Ultimately the readers are provided with a roadmap and a "how to" guideline leading to the successful implementation of a state-of-the-art auditing and monitoring system. Most will want to read it from cover to cover, and also add it to their bookshelves for frequent reference. Armed with the knowledge from this book, you will be able to champion and guide your organization through a disciplined and well-defined audit and monitoring project. It isn't a stretch to be able further to design and implement the system while fulfilling a diverse set of requirements and organizational needs." Linda L. McGhie, CISSP, CISM, PCS ISO/Risk Manager, Wells Fargo Bank