AutoCAD 2018 and AutoCAD LT 2018 Essentials

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Introduction xiii Chapter 1 Get ting Star ted 1 Sign In to Autodesk 360 on the Start Tab 1 Exercise 1.1: Configure Autodesk 360 1 Explore the AutoCAD 2018 for Windows User Interface 4 Exercise 1.2: Explore the Graphical User Interface 4 Exercise 1.3: Control the AutoCAD Ribbon 9 Set Drawing Units 13 Exercise 1.4: Set the AutoCAD Drawing Units 14 Chapter 2 Gaining Basic Drawing Skills 17 Navigate 2D Drawings 17 Exercise 2.1: Navigate a Drawing 17 Draw Lines and Rectangles 21 Exercise 2.2: Draw Lines 21 Exercise 2.3: Draw Rectangles 24 Cancel, Erase, and Undo 25 Exercise 2.4: Correct Mistakes 25 Use Coordinate Systems 27 Exercise 2.5: Use Absolute Coordinates 27 Exercise 2.6: Use Relative Coordinates 28 Exercise 2.7: Use Polar Coordinates 29 Draw Circles, Arcs, and Polygons 33 Exercise 2.8: Create Circles 33 Exercise 2.9: Create Arcs 36 Exercise 2.10: Draw Polygons 38 Use Fillet and Chamfer 40 Exercise 2.11: Join Nonparallel Lines 40 Exercise 2.12: Join Crossed Lines with Fillet 41 Chapter 3 Using Drawing Aids 43 Use Grid and Snap 43 Exercise 3.1: Draw with Grid and Snap 44t e n t s Employ Ortho and Polar Tracking 47 Exercise 3.2: Draw with Ortho and Polar Tracking 47 Use PolarSnap 48 Exercise 3.3: Draw with PolarSnap 49 Select Running Object Snaps 51 Exercise 3.4: Draw with Running Object Snaps 51 Harness the From Snap 54 Exercise 3.5: Use the From Snap 54 Apply Object Snap Tracking 55 Exercise 3.6: Use Object Snap Tracking 55 Chapter 4 Editing Entities 59 Create Selection Sets 59 Exercise 4.1: Create a Selection Set at the Select Objects: Prompt 60 Exercise 4.2: Create a Selection Set Before Deciding on a Command 62 Use Move and Copy 66 Exercise 4.3: Move and Copy 66 Use Rotate and Scale 70 Exercise 4.4: Rotate and Scale 70 Work with Arrays 73 Exercise 4.5: Create a Rectangular Array 74 Exercise 4.6: Create a Polar Array 75 Use Trim and Extend 77 Exercise 4.7: Trim and Measure 77 Use Lengthen and Stretch 78 Exercise 4.8: Lengthen and Stretch 79 Use Offset and Mirror 80 Exercise 4.9: Offset and Mirror 80 Edit with Grips 82 Exercise 4.10: Edit with Grips 83 Chapter 5 Shaping Curves 85 Draw and Edit Curved Polylines 85 Exercise 5.1: Draw and Edit Curved Polylines 85 Draw Ellipses 91 Exercise 5.2: Draw Ellipses 91 Shape Splines 93 Exercise 5.3: Work with Control Vertices 94 Exercise 5.4: Work with Fit Points 98 Blend Between Objects with Splines 101 Exercise 5.5: Blend Splines 102 Chapter 6 Controlling Object Visibility and Appearance 105 Change Object Properties 105 Exercise 6.1: Edit Object Properties 106 Set the Current Layer 109 Exercise 6.2: Choose the Current Layer 110 Alter the Layer Assignments of Objects 113 Exercise 6.3: Assign Layers 113 Control Layer Visibility 116 Exercise 6.4: Toggle Layer Status 116 Exercise 6.5: Isolate Layers 118 Exercise 6.6: Save Layer States 120 Apply Linetype 121 Exercise 6.7: Use Linetype 122 Assign Properties by Object or by Layer 125 Exercise 6.8: Assign Properties 125 Manage Layer Properties 126 Exercise 6.9: Control Layer Properties 126 Isolate Objects 128 Exercise 6.10: Isolate and Hide Individual Objects 128 Chapter 7 Organizing Objects 131 Define Blocks 131 Exercise 7.1: Draw a Chair and Define It as a Block 132 Exercise 7.2: Draw a Door and Define It as a Block 135 Insert Blocks 137 Exercise 7.3: Use Blocks 137 Edit Blocks 141 Exercise 7.4: Edit Block Definitions 142 Exercise 7.5: Assign Floating Properties 143 Exercise 7.6: Nest Blocks 145 Exercise 7.7: Explode Blocks 147t e n t s Redefine Blocks 148 Exercise 7.8: Redefine Block Definitions 148 Work with Groups 151 Exercise 7.9: Create Groups 151 Chapter 8 Hatching and Gradients 155 Specify Hatch Areas 155 Exercise 8.1: Pick Points to Determine Boundaries 155 Exercise 8.2: Select Objects to Define Boundaries 159 Associate Hatches with Boundaries 161 Exercise 8.3: Associate Boundaries 161 Hatch with Patterns 163 Exercise 8.4: Specify Properties 164 Exercise 8.5: Separate Hatch Areas 165 Hatch with Gradients 168 Exercise 8.6: Create Gradients 168 Chapter 9 Working with Blocks and Xrefs 171 Work with Global Blocks 171 Exercise 9.1: Write a Local Block Definition to a File 171 Exercise 9.2: Insert a Drawing as a Local Block 175 Exercise 9.3: Redefine Local Blocks with Global Blocks 177 Access Content Globally 179 Exercise 9.4: Access Global Content 179 Store Content on Tool Palettes 180 Exercise 9.5: Add to the Tool Palettes 180 Reference External Drawings and Images 183 Exercise 9.6: Use Xrefs 183 Chapter 10 Creating and Editing Text 189 Style Text 189 Exercise 10.1: Create Text Styles 189 Write Lines of Text 191 Exercise 10.2: Create Text to Fit 191 Exercise 10.3: Justify Text 193 Exercise 10.4: Transform and Create Text 194 Write and Format Paragraphs Using MTEXT 197 Exercise 10.5: Write and Format with MTEXT 197t Edit Text 200 Exercise 10.6: Edit Content and Properties 201 Exercise 10.7: Work with Columns 202 Recognize and Combine Text 203 Exercise 10.8: Import, Recognize, and Combine Text from PDF 204 Chapter 11 Dimensioning 209 Style Dimensions 209 Exercise 11.1: Create Dimension Styles 210 Add Dimensions 215 Exercise 11.2: Use Inquiry Commands 215 Exercise 11.3: Add Dimension Objects 218 Exercise 11.4: Add and Style Multileaders 222 Edit Dimensions 223 Exercise 11.5: Alter Dimension Objects 223 Chapter 12 Keeping In Control with Constraints 227 Work with Geometric Constraints 227 Exercise 12.1: Use Geometric Constraints 227 Apply Dimensional Constraints 230 Exercise 12.2: Create Dimensional Constraints 231 Constrain Objects Simultaneously with Geometry and Dimensions 234 Exercise 12.3: Use Simultaneous Constraints 234 Make Parametric Changes to Constrained Objects 236 Exercise 12.4: Alter Constraint Parameters 237 Chapter 13 Working with Layouts and Annotative Objects 239 Create Annotative Styles and Objects 239 Exercise 13.1: Work with Annotative Text 240 Exercise 13.2: Work with Annotative Dimensions 243 Create Layouts 245 Exercise 13.3: Configure Layouts 245 Adjust Floating Viewports 248 Exercise 13.4: Work on Layout1 249 Exercise 13.5: Work on Layout2 252 Override Layer Properties in Layout Viewports 254 Exercise 13.6: Override Layer Properties 255 Draw on Layouts 256 Exercise 13.7: Lay Out Geometry 256on t e n t s Introduction xiii Chapter 1 Get ting Star ted 1 Sign In to Autodesk 360 on the Start Tab 1 Exercise 1.1: Configure Autodesk 360 1 Explore the AutoCAD 2018 for Windows User Interface 4 Exercise 1.2: Explore the Graphical User Interface 4 Exercise 1.3: Control the AutoCAD Ribbon 9 Set Drawing Units 13 Exercise 1.4: Set the AutoCAD Drawing Units 14 Chapter 2 Gaining Basic Drawing Skills 17 Navigate 2D Drawings 17 Exercise 2.1: Navigate a Drawing 17 Draw Lines and Rectangles 21 Exercise 2.2: Draw Lines 21 Exercise 2.3: Draw Rectangles 24 Cancel, Erase, and Undo 25 Exercise 2.4: Correct Mistakes 25 Use Coordinate Systems 27 Exercise 2.5: Use Absolute Coordinates 27 Exercise 2.6: Use Relative Coordinates 28 Exercise 2.7: Use Polar Coordinates 29 Draw Circles, Arcs, and Polygons 33 Exercise 2.8: Create Circles 33 Exercise 2.9: Create Arcs 36 Exercise 2.10: Draw Polygons 38 Use Fillet and Chamfer 40 Exercise 2.11: Join Nonparallel Lines 40 Exercise 2.12: Join Crossed Lines with Fillet 41 Chapter 3 Using Drawing Aids 43 Use Grid and Snap 43 Exercise 3.1: Draw with Grid and Snap 44t e n t s Employ Ortho and Polar Tracking 47 Exercise 3.2: Draw with Ortho and Polar Tracking 47 Use PolarSnap 48 Exercise 3.3: Draw with PolarSnap 49 Select Running Object Snaps 51 Exercise 3.4: Draw with Running Object Snaps 51 Harness the From Snap 54 Exercise 3.5: Use the From Snap 54 Apply Object Snap Tracking 55 Exercise 3.6: Use Object Snap Tracking 55 Chapter 4 Editing Entities 59 Create Selection Sets 59 Exercise 4.1: Create a Selection Set at the Select Objects: Prompt 60 Exercise 4.2: Create a Selection Set Before Deciding on a Command 62 Use Move and Copy 66 Exercise 4.3: Move and Copy 66 Use Rotate and Scale 70 Exercise 4.4: Rotate and Scale 70 Work with Arrays 73 Exercise 4.5: Create a Rectangular Array 74 Exercise 4.6: Create a Polar Array 75 Use Trim and Extend 77 Exercise 4.7: Trim and Measure 77 Use Lengthen and Stretch 78 Exercise 4.8: Lengthen and Stretch 79 Use Offset and Mirror 80 Exercise 4.9: Offset and Mirror 80 Edit with Grips 82 Exercise 4.10: Edit with Grips 83 Chapter 5 Shaping Curves 85 Draw and Edit Curved Polylines 85 Exercise 5.1: Draw and Edit Curved Polylines 85 Draw Ellipses 91 Exercise 5.2: Draw Ellipses 91 Shape Splines 93 Exercise 5.3: Work with Control Vertices 94 Exercise 5.4: Work with Fit Points 98 Blend Between Objects with Splines 101 Exercise 5.5: Blend Splines 102 Chapter 6 Controlling Object Visibility and Appearance 105 Change Object Properties 105 Exercise 6.1: Edit Object Properties 106 Set the Current Layer 109 Exercise 6.2: Choose the Current Layer 110 Alter the Layer Assignments of Objects 113 Exercise 6.3: Assign Layers 113 Control Layer Visibility 116 Exercise 6.4: Toggle Layer Status 116 Exercise 6.5: Isolate Layers 118 Exercise 6.6: Save Layer States 120 Apply Linetype 121 Exercise 6.7: Use Linetype 122 Assign Properties by Object or by Layer 125 Exercise 6.8: Assign Properties 125 Manage Layer Properties 126 Exercise 6.9: Control Layer Properties 126 Isolate Objects 128 Exercise 6.10: Isolate and Hide Individual Objects 128 Chapter 7 Organizing Objects 131 Define Blocks 131 Exercise 7.1: Draw a Chair and Define It as a Block 132 Exercise 7.2: Draw a Door and Define It as a Block 135 Insert Blocks 137 Exercise 7.3: Use Blocks 137 Edit Blocks 141 Exercise 7.4: Edit Block Definitions 142 Exercise 7.5: Assign Floating Properties 143 Exercise 7.6: Nest Blocks 145 Exercise 7.7: Explode Blocks 147t e n t s Redefine Blocks 148 Exercise 7.8: Redefine Block Definitions 148 Work with Groups 151 Exercise 7.9: Create Groups 151 Chapter 8 Hatching and Gradients 155 Specify Hatch Areas 155 Exercise 8.1: Pick Points to Determine Boundaries 155 Exercise 8.2: Select Objects to Define Boundaries 159 Associate Hatches with Boundaries 161 Exercise 8.3: Associate Boundaries 161 Hatch with Patterns 163 Exercise 8.4: Specify Properties 164 Exercise 8.5: Separate Hatch Areas 165 Hatch with Gradients 168 Exercise 8.6: Create Gradients 168 Chapter 9 Working with Blocks and Xrefs 171 Work with Global Blocks 171 Exercise 9.1: Write a Local Block Definition to a File 171 Exercise 9.2: Insert a Drawing as a Local Block 175 Exercise 9.3: Redefine Local Blocks with Global Blocks 177 Access Content Globally 179 Exercise 9.4: Access Global Content 179 Store Content on Tool Palettes 180 Exercise 9.5: Add to the Tool Palettes 180 Reference External Drawings and Images 183 Exercise 9.6: Use Xrefs 183 Chapter 10 Creating and Editing Text 189 Style Text 189 Exercise 10.1: Create Text Styles 189 Write Lines of Text 191 Exercise 10.2: Create Text to Fit 191 Exercise 10.3: Justify Text 193 Exercise 10.4: Transform and Create Text 194 Write and Format Paragraphs Using MTEXT 197 Exercise 10.5: Write and Format with MTEXT 197t Edit Text 200 Exercise 10.6: Edit Content and Properties 201 Exercise 10.7: Work with Columns 202 Recognize and Combine Text 203 Exercise 10.8: Import, Recognize, and Combine Text from PDF 204 Chapter 11 Dimensioning 209 Style Dimensions 209 Exercise 11.1: Create Dimension Styles 210 Add Dimensions 215 Exercise 11.2: Use Inquiry Commands 215 Exercise 11.3: Add Dimension Objects 218 Exercise 11.4: Add and Style Multileaders 222 Edit Dimensions 223 Exercise 11.5: Alter Dimension Objects 223 Chapter 12 Keeping In Control with Constraints 227 Work with Geometric Constraints 227 Exercise 12.1: Use Geometric Constraints 227 Apply Dimensional Constraints 230 Exercise 12.2: Create Dimensional Constraints 231 Constrain Objects Simultaneously with Geometry and Dimensions 234 Exercise 12.3: Use Simultaneous Constraints 234 Make Parametric Changes to Constrained Objects 236 Exercise 12.4: Alter Constraint Parameters 237 Chapter 13 Working with Layouts and Annotative Objects 239 Create Annotative Styles and Objects 239 Exercise 13.1: Work with Annotative Text 240 Exercise 13.2: Work with Annotative Dimensions 243 Create Layouts 245 Exercise 13.3: Configure Layouts 245 Adjust Floating Viewports 248 Exercise 13.4: Work on Layout1 249 Exercise 13.5: Work on Layout2 252 Override Layer Properties in Layout Viewports 254 Exercise 13.6: Override Layer Properties 255 Draw on Layouts 256 Exercise 13.7: Lay Out Geometry 256on t e n t s Chapter 14 Printing and Plot ting 261 Configure Output Devices 261 Exercise 14.1: Set Up a System Printer 262 Exercise 14.2: Set Up an AutoCAD Plotter 262 Create Plot Style Tables 265 Exercise 14.3: Create a Named Plot Style Table 265 Use Plot Style Tables 267 Exercise 14.4: Configure New Drawings for Named Plot Style Tables 267 Exercise 14.5: Assign Plot Styles by Layer or by Object 270 Plot in Model Space 273 Exercise 14.6: Plot from Model Space 273 Plot Layouts in Paper Space 277 Exercise 14.7: Plot from Paper Space 277 Export to an Electronic Format 280 Exercise 14.8: Export to DWF 281 Exercise 14.9: Export to PDF 282 Exercise 14.10: Share Design Views 284 Chapter 15 Working with Data 287 Geolocate Projects 287 Exercise 15.1: Geolocate a Drawing 288 Import SketchUp Models 292 Exercise 15.2: Import a SketchUp Model 292 Define Attributes and Blocks 293 Exercise 15.3: Define Attributes and a Block 294 Insert Attributed Blocks 298 Exercise 15.4: Insert Block References with Attributes 298 Edit Table Styles and Create Tables 300 Exercise 15.5: Alter a Table Style and Make a Table 300 Use Fields in Table Cells 305 Exercise 15.6: Create Fields 305 Edit Table Data 308 Exercise 15.7: Alter Table Data 308 Chapter 16 Navigating 3D Models 317 Use Visual Styles 317 Exercise 16.1: Explore Visual Styles 318 Work with Tiled Viewports 322 Exercise 16.2: Tile Viewports 322 Navigate with the ViewCube 324 Exercise 16.3: Use the ViewCube to Navigate 324 Orbit in 3D 326 Exercise 16.4: Orbit 326 Use Cameras 328 Exercise 16.5: Utilize Virtual Cameras 328 Navigate with SteeringWheels 331 Exercise 16.6: Use SteeringWheels to Navigate 331 Save Views 334 Exercise 16.7: Save Views 334 Chapter 17 Modeling in 3D 337 Create Surface Models 337 Exercise 17.1: Make Planar Surfaces 338 Exercise 17.2: Revolve a 2D Profile to Create a 3D Model 339 Exercise 17.3: Sweep Out 3D Geometry 340 Exercise 17.4: Extrude 2D Geometry into 3D 342 Edit Surface Models 344 Exercise 17.5: Trim Surfaces with Other Surfaces 344 Exercise 17.6: Project Edges on Surfaces 345 Exercise 17.7: Trim Surfaces with Edges 348 Create Solid Models 350 Exercise 17.8: Extrude Solid Objects 350 Exercise 17.9: Loft Solid Objects 354 Edit Solid Models 356 Exercise 17.10: Perform Boolean Operations 356 Exercise 17.11: Edit Solids 359 Smooth Mesh Models 363 Exercise 17.12: Create, Edit, and Smooth Mesh 363 Live-Section Models 365 Exercise 17.13: Create and Edit a Section Plane 365 Chapter 18 Presenting and Documenting 3D Design 369 Assign Materials 370 Exercise 18.1: Apply Materials 370t e n t s Place and Adjust Lights 376 Exercise 18.2: Add Artificial Lights 376 Exercise 18.3: Simulate Natural Light 382 Create Renderings 383 Exercise 18.4: Make Realistic Renderings in the Cloud 383 Document Models with Drawings 387 Exercise 18.5: Document Models 387 Appendix A Making Isometric Drawings 393 Appendix B Autodesk (TM) AutoCAD (TM) 2018 Certif ication 399 Index 403 Configure Output Devices 261 Exercise 14.1: Set Up a System Printer 262 Exercise 14.2: Set Up an AutoCAD Plotter 262 Create Plot Style Tables 265 Exercise 14.3: Create a Named Plot Style Table 265 Use Plot Style Tables 267 Exercise 14.4: Configure New Drawings for Named Plot Style Tables 267 Exercise 14.5: Assign Plot Styles by Layer or by Object 270 Plot in Model Space 273 Exercise 14.6: Plot from Model Space 273 Plot Layouts in Paper Space 277 Exercise 14.7: Plot from Paper Space 277 Export to an Electronic Format 280 Exercise 14.8: Export to DWF 281 Exercise 14.9: Export to PDF 282 Exercise 14.10: Share Design Views 284 Chapter 15 Working with Data 287 Geolocate Projects 287 Exercise 15.1: Geolocate a Drawing 288 Import SketchUp Models 292 Exercise 15.2: Import a SketchUp Model 292 Define Attributes and Blocks 293 Exercise 15.3: Define Attributes and a Block 294 Insert Attributed Blocks 298 Exercise 15.4: Insert Block References with Attributes 298 Edit Table Styles and Create Tables 300 Exercise 15.5: Alter a Table Style and Make a Table 300 Use Fields in Table Cells 305 Exercise 15.6: Create Fields 305 Edit Table Data 308 Exercise 15.7: Alter Table Data 308 Chapter 16 Navigating 3D Models 317 Use Visual Styles 317 Exercise 16.1: Explore Visual Styles 318 Work with Tiled Viewports 322 Exercise 16.2: Tile Viewports 322 Navigate with the ViewCube 324 Exercise 16.3: Use the ViewCube to Navigate 324 Orbit in 3D 326 Exercise 16.4: Orbit 326 Use Cameras 328 Exercise 16.5: Utilize Virtual Cameras 328 Navigate with SteeringWheels 331 Exercise 16.6: Use SteeringWheels to Navigate 331 Save Views 334 Exercise 16.7: Save Views 334 Chapter 17 Modeling in 3D 337 Create Surface Models 337 Exercise 17.1: Make Planar Surfaces 338 Exercise 17.2: Revolve a 2D Profile to Create a 3D Model 339 Exercise 17.3: Sweep Out 3D Geometry 340 Exercise 17.4: Extrude 2D Geometry into 3D 342 Edit Surface Models 344 Exercise 17.5: Trim Surfaces with Other Surfaces 344 Exercise 17.6: Project Edges on Surfaces 345 Exercise 17.7: Trim Surfaces with Edges 348 Create Solid Models 350 Exercise 17.8: Extrude Solid Objects 350 Exercise 17.9: Loft Solid Objects 354 Edit Solid Models 356 Exercise 17.10: Perform Boolean Operations 356 Exercise 17.11: Edit Solids 359 Smooth Mesh Models 363 Exercise 17.12: Create, Edit, and Smooth Mesh 363 Live-Section Models 365 Exercise 17.13: Create and Edit a Section Plane 365 Chapter 18 Presenting and Documenting 3D Design 369 Assign Materials 370 Exercise 18.1: Apply Materials 370t e n t s Place and Adjust Lights 376 Exercise 18.2: Add Artificial Lights 376 Exercise 18.3: Simulate Natural Light 382 Create Renderings 383 Exercise 18.4: Make Realistic Renderings in the Cloud 383 Document Models with Drawings 387 Exercise 18.5: Document Models 387 Appendix A Making Isometric Drawings 393 Appendix B Autodesk (TM) AutoCAD (TM) 2018 Certif ication 399 Index 403

About the Author Scott Onstott is a consultant, former university professor, author, and independent video producer with more than 19 years of experience teaching and writing about design visualization software. He is the author of the six previous editions of AutoCAD and AutoCAD LT Essentials, Photoshop CS6 Essentials, Enhancing Architectural Drawings and Models with Photoshop, and five other software training books published by Sybex.

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