Hugo A. Bernatzik was born in 1897 in Vienna. Travel writer, photographer and ethnographer, before World War II he was one of the most distinguished scholars of ethnology in German-speaking countries and soon became famous in the rest of the world. Between 1923 and 1930 he travelled widely in Africa, in 1932-1933 he took a trip in Southeast Asia. After the war he travelled to Morocco (1949-1950). The high quality of his photographs contributed to his success and was influential in shaping the public view that native population should be protected. Bernatzik was appointed professor at the University of Graz in 1939, where he founded the discipline of applied ethnology.