Blasphemy, Islam and the State
Pluralism and Liberalism in Indonesia (ICLARS Series on Law and Religion)
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|Format: ||Hardback, 222 pages|
|Published In: ||United Kingdom, 06 October 2016|
This book draws on the work of Rawls to explore the interaction between faith, law and the right to religious freedom in post-Soeharto Indonesia, the world's largest democracy after India and the United States. It argues that enforcement of Islamic principles by the state is inconsistent with religious diversity and the country's liberal constitution. The book thus contributes to understanding the role of religion in the development of democracy in the world's largest Muslim nation. A key objective is to test the argument that Rawls' thinking about public reason cannot apply to the case of Indonesia, and Muslim states more broadly. The book therefore contributes to emerging scholarship that considers Rawls in a Muslim context. In addition to examining public reason in detail and considering critiques of the concept, the work highlights the fact that the theory was created to deal with value pluralism and is therefore relevant in any religious setting, including an Islamic one. In doing so, it emphasises that Islam is multifaceted and demonstrates the difficulties, and negative consequences, of integrating faith and law in a liberal state.
Table of Contents
Preface Abbreviations Glossary Chapter 1: Islam and Pluralism Setting the scene - sholat dwi bahasa Ritual prayer - a Pillar of Islam Islam, the Constitution and the State Contribution of the Research - Why Rawls? Chapter Outline Chapter 2: Rawls and the Challenge of Faith Political liberalism Overlapping Consensus Public reason The Role of Courts Commentary and critique Agreement and Divergence Conclusion Chapter 3: Faith and Freedom in Indonesian Law The Promotion and Protection of Religion State, Law and Religion Judicial review of the Blasphemy Law The Constitution - Compromise or Compromised? Conclusion Chapter 4: MUI - The Institutionalising of Indonesian Islam Islam in Indonesia Innovation and related concepts Innovation in Indonesian Islam Majelis Ulama Indonesia and its fatawa Orthodoxy Entrenched Conclusion Chapter 5: Case Study Part 1 - The Language of Devotion Pondok Itikaf Jamaah Ngaji Lelaku The publications The fatawa Key events Reaction and Resonances Conclusion Chapter 6: Case Study Part 2 - Innovation on Trial The Indictment Evidence Defence Case Court Decision Appeals Blasphemy - A Case Note Conclusion Chapter 7: Islam, Public Reason and the State Case Study of Post-Soeharto Indonesia Rawls, Islam and the State Pluralism and Liberalism in Indonesia Rawls and Indonesian Pluralism Postscript Bibliography International Instruments Legislation and Legislative Instruments Cases Books and Journal Articles Index
About the Author
Stewart Fenwick is an Honorary Professor of the Australian Catholic University at the Institute for Religion, Politics and Society, and an Associate of the Centre for Indonesian Law, Islam and Society, and the Asian Law Centre, University of Melbourne, Australia. He was awarded the Harold Luntz Graduate Research Thesis Prize for 2015 at the Melbourne Law School, and was awarded the Chancellor's Prize for Excellence in the PhD Thesis for 2016 at the University of Melbourne.
'A masterly exploration of the intersection between legal, political and religious institutions in Indonesia as they engage with the difficult issue of religious freedom and blasphemy.' Professor Abdullah Saeed, University of Melbourne, Australia 'Based on extensive fieldwork in Java, this is a beautifully written and meticulously researched account of the paradox that democratisation in Indonesia led to rising intolerance in the Muslim community. It has important implications for the wider intellectual project of reconciling Islamic thought with Western modernity.' Professor Tim Lindsey, University of Melbourne, Australia
23.4 x 15.6 centimetres (0.48 kg) |