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Ceramic Nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites have been found to have improved hardness, strength, toughness and creep resistance compared to conventional ceramic matrix composites. Ceramic nanocomposites reviews the structure and properties of these nanocomposites as well as manufacturing and applications. Part one looks at the properties of different ceramic nanocomposites, including thermal shock resistance, flame retardancy, magnetic and optical properties as well as failure mechanisms. Part two deals with the different types of ceramic nanocomposites, including the use of ceramic particles in metal matrix composites, carbon nanotube-reinforced glass-ceramic matrix composites, high temperature superconducting ceramic nanocomposites and ceramic particle nanofluids. Part three details the processing of nanocomposites, including the mechanochemical synthesis of metallic-ceramic composite powders, sintering of ultrafine and nanosized ceramic and metallic particles and the surface treatment of carbon nanotubes using plasma technology. Part four explores the applications of ceramic nanocomposites in such areas as energy production and the biomedical field. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Ceramic nanocomposites is a technical guide for professionals requiring knowledge of ceramic nanocomposites, and will also offer a deeper understanding of the subject for researchers and engineers within any field dealing with these materials.
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Table of Contents

Contributor contact details Woodhead Publishing Series in Composites Science and Engineering Part I: Properties Chapter 1: Thermal shock resistant and flame retardant ceramic nanocomposites Abstract: 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Design of thermal shock resistant and flame retardant ceramic nanocomposites 1.3 Types and processing of thermally stable ceramic nanocomposites 1.4 Thermal properties of particular ceramic nanocomposites 1.5 Interface characteristics of ceramic nanocomposites 1.6 Superplasticity characteristics of thermal shock resistant ceramic nanocomposites 1.7 Densification for the fabrication of thermal shock resistant ceramic nanocomposites 1.8 Test Methods for the characterization and evaluation of thermal shock resistant ceramic nanocomposites 1.9 Conclusions 1.10 Future trends 1.11 Sources of further information and advice Chapter 2: Magnetic properties of ceramic nanocomposites Abstract: 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Magnetic nanocomposites 2.3 Size-dependent magnetic properties 2.4 Colossal magnetoresistance (CMR) 2.5 Electrical transport/resistivity 2.6 Spin-dependent single-electron tunneling phenomena 2.7 Applications: cobalt-doped nickel nanofibers as magnetic materials 2.8 Applications: amorphous soft magnetic materials 2.9 Applications: assembly of magnetic nanostructures Chapter 3: Optical properties of ceramic nanocomposites Abstract: 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Optical properties of ceramic nanocomposites 3.3 Transmittance and absorption 3.4 Non-linearity 3.5 Luminescence 3.6 Optical properties of glass-carbon nanotube (CNT) composites Chapter 4: Failure mechanisms of ceramic nanocomposites Abstract: 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Rupture strength 4.3 Fracture origins 4.4 Crack propagation, toughening mechanisms 4.5 Preventing failures 4.6 Wear of ceramic nanocomposites 4.7 Future trends Chapter 5: Multiscale modeling of the structure and properties of ceramic nanocomposites Abstract: 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Multiscale modeling and material design 5.3 Multiscale modeling approach 5.4 The cohesive finite element method (CFEM) 5.5 Molecular dynamics (MD) modeling 5.6 Dynamic fracture analyses 5.7 Conclusions Part II: Types Chapter 6: Ceramic nanoparticles in metal matrix composites Abstract: 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Material selection 6.3 Physical and mechanical properties of metal matrix nanocomposites (MMNCs) 6.4 Different manufacturing methods for MMNCs 6.5 Future trends Chapter 7: Carbon nanotube (CNT) reinforced glass and glass-ceramic matrix composites Abstract: 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Carbon nanotubes 7.3 Glass and glass-ceramic matrix composites 7.4 Glass/glass-ceramic matrix composites containing carbon nanotubes: manufacturing process 7.5 Microstructural characterization 7.6 Properties 7.7 Applications 7.8 Conclusions and scope Chapter 8: Ceramic ultra-thin coatings using atomic layer deposition Abstract: 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Ultra-thin ceramic films coated on ceramic particles by atomic layer deposition (ALD) 8.3 Using ultra-thin ceramic films as a protective layer 8.4 Enhanced lithium-ion batteries using ultra-thin ceramic films 8.5 Using ultra-thin ceramic films in tissue engineering 8.6 Conclusions and future trends Chapter 9: High-temperature superconducting ceramic nanocomposites Abstract: 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Material preparation, characterization and testing 9.3 Superconducting (SC) properties of polymer-ceramic nanocomposites manufactured by hot pressing 9.4 Mechanical properties of SC polymer-ceramic nanocomposites 9.5 Interphase phenomena in SC polymer-ceramic nanocomposites 9.6 Influences on the magnetic properties of SC polymer-ceramic nanocomposites 9.7 The use of metal-complex polymer binders to enhance the SC properties of polymer-ceramic nanocomposites 9.8 Aging of SC polymer-ceramic nanocomposites 9.9 Conclusions Chapter 10: Nanofluids including ceramic and other nanoparticles: applications and rheological properties Abstract: 10.1 Introduction 10.2 The development of nanofluids 10.3 Potential benefits of nanofluids 10.4 Applications of nanofluids 10.5 The rheology of nanofluids 10.6 Modeling the viscosity of nanofluids 10.7 Summary and future trends Chapter 11: Nanofluids including ceramic and other nanoparticles: synthesis and thermal properties Abstract: 11.1 Introduction 11.2 Synthesis of nanofluids 11.3 The thermal conductivity of nanofluids 11.4 Modeling of thermal conductivity 11.5 Summary and future trends 11.7 Appendix: thermal conductivity details of nanofluids prepared by two-step process Part III: Processing Chapter 12: Mechanochemical synthesis of metallicaEURO"ceramic composite powders Abstract: 12.1 Introduction 12.2 Composite powder formation: bottom-up and top-down techniques 12.3 Monitoring mechanochemical processes 12.4 Examples of applied high-energy milling in the synthesis of selected metallic-ceramic composite powders 12.5 Copper-based composite powders with Al2O3 12.6 Nickel-based composite powders with Al2O3 12.7 Other possible variants of the synthesis of metal matrix-ceramic composites in Cu-Al-O and Ni-Al-O elemental systems using mechanical treatment ex situ and in situ 12.8 Conclusions 12.9 Acknowledgements Chapter 13: Sintering of ultrafine and nanosized ceramic and metallic particles Abstract: 13.1 Introduction 13.2 Thermodynamic driving force for the sintering of nanosized particles 13.3 Kinetics of the sintering of nanosized particles 13.4 Grain growth during sintering of nano particles 13.5 Techniques for controlling grain growth while achieving full densification 13.6 Conclusion Chapter 14: Surface treatment of carbon nanotubes using plasma technology Abstract: 14.1 Introduction 14.2 Carbon nanotube surface chemistry and solution-based functionalization 14.3 Plasma treatment of carbon nanotubes 14.4 Summary Part IV: Applications Chapter 15: Ceramic nanocomposites for energy storage and power generation Abstract: 15.1 Introduction 15.2 Electrical properties 15.3 Ionic nanocomposites 15.4 Energy storage and power generation devices 15.5 Future trends Chapter 16: Biomedical applications of ceramic nanocomposites Abstract: 16.1 Introduction 16.2 Why ceramic nanocomposites are used in biomedical applications 16.3 Orthopaedic and dental implants 16.4 Tissue engineering 16.5 Future trends Chapter 17: Synthetic biopolymer/layered silicate nanocomposites for tissue engineering scaffolds Abstract: 17.1 Introduction 17.2 Tissue engineering applications 17.3 Synthetic biopolymers and their nanocomposites for tissue engineering 17.4 Three-dimensional porous scaffolds 17.5 In-vitro degradation 17.6 Stem cell-scaffold interactions 17.7 Conclusions Index

About the Author

Rajat Banerjee is a Senior Officer (Research and Development) at the Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, Kolkata, India. Dr Banerjee has undertaken research at the Friedrich Schiller University in Germany, The University of Maryland and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in the USA. He published widely in the area of ceramic nanocomposites. He has received an Indo-EU Heritage Fellowship, the best paper award at the XVIIth International Congress on Glass and a Certificate of Appreciation from NIST for his outstanding research on nanomaterials. Indranil Manna is Director of the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur, India. Professor Manna was formerly Director of the Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, Kolkata. He has taught physical metallurgy at IIT Kharagpur for over 25 years and was a Visiting Professor in Germany, USA, Singapore, Poland, Russia and France. Currently a JC Bose Fellow in India, Professor Manna has written over 250 journal publications and is the recipient of numerous national and international awards, and is a Fellow of all four national academies in India (INSA, IAS, NASI, INAE).

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