1 Introduction: Matter and Measurement 12 Atoms, Molecules, and Ions 363 Stoichiometry: Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations 784 Aqueous Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry 1185 Thermochemistry 1646 Electronic Structure of Atoms 2107 Periodic Properties of the Elements 2548 Basic Concepts of Chemical Bonding 2969 Molecular Geometry and Bonding Theories 34010 Gases 39211 Intermolecular Forces, Liquids, and Solids 43612 Modern Materials 48013 Properties of Solutions 52614 Chemical Kinetics 57215 Chemical Equilibrium 62616 Acid-Base Equilibria 66617 Additional Aspects of Aqueous Equilibria 71818 Chemistry of the Environment 76619 Chemical Thermodynamics 80020 Electrochemistry 84221 Nuclear Chemistry 89222 Chemistry of the Nonmetals 93023 Metals and Metallurgy 98024 Chemistry of Coordination Compounds 101225 The Chemistry of Life: Organic and Biological Chemistry 1050 AppendicesA Mathematical Operations 1104B Properties of Water 1111C Thermodynamic Quantities for Selected Substances at 298.15 K (25 DegreesC) 0000D Aqueous Equilibrium Constants 0000E Standard Reduction Potentials at 25 DegreesC 0000Answers to Selected Exercises A-1Answers to "Give It Some Thought" A-00
THEODORE L. BROWN received his Ph.D. from Michigan State University in 1956. Since then, he has beena member of the faculty of the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, where he is now Professor of Chemistry,Emeritus. He served as Vice Chancellor for Research, and Dean, The Graduate College, from 1980 to 1986, and asFounding Director of the Arnold and Mabel Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology from 1987 to1993. Professor Brown has been an Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Research Fellow and has been awarded aGuggenheim Fellowship. In 1972 he was awarded the American Chemical Society Award for Research in InorganicChemistry, and received the American Chemical Society Award for Distinguished Service in the Advancement ofInorganic Chemistry in 1993. He has been elected a Fellow of both the American Association for the Advancementof Science and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. H. EUGENE LEMAY, JR., received his B.S. degree in Chemistry from Pacific Lutheran University(Washington) and his Ph.D. in Chemistry in 1966 from the University of Illinois (Urbana). He then joined thefaculty of the University of Nevada, Reno, where he is currently Professor of Chemistry, Emeritus. He has enjoyedVisiting Professorships at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, at the University College of Wales inGreat Britain, and at the University of California, Los Angeles. Professor LeMay is a popular and effective teacher,who has taught thousands of students during more than 35 years of university teaching. Known for the clarity of hislectures and his sense of humor, he has received several teaching awards, including the University DistinguishedTeacher of the Year Award (1991) and the first Regents' Teaching Award given by the State of Nevada Board ofRegents (1997). BRUCE E. BURSTEN received his Ph.D. in Chemistry from the University of Wisconsin in 1978. After twoyears as a National Science Foundation Postdoctoral Fellow at Texas A&M University, he joined thefaculty of The Ohio State University, where he rose to the rank of Distinguished University Professor. In2005, he moved to his present position at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville as DistinguishedProfessor of Chemistry and Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences. Professor Bursten has been aCamille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation Teacher-Scholar and an Alfred P. Sloan Foundation ResearchFellow, and he has been elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. AtOhio State he has received the University Distinguished Teaching Award in 1982 and 1996, the Arts andSciences Student Council Outstanding Teaching Award in 1984, and the University Distinguished ScholarAward in 1990. He received the Spiers Memorial Prize and Medal of the Royal Society of Chemistry in2003, and the Morley Medal of the Cleveland Section of the American Chemical Society in 2005. He waselected President of the American Chemical Society for 2008. In addition to his teaching and serviceactivities, Professor Bursten's research program focuses on compounds of the transition-metal andactinide elements. CATHERINE J. MURPHY received two B.S. degrees, one in Chemistry and one in Biochemistry, from theUniversity of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, in 1986. She received her Ph.D. in Chemistry from the University ofWisconsin in 1990. She was a National Science Foundation and National Institutes of Health Postdoctoral Fellow atthe California Institute of Technology from 1990 to 1993. In 1993, she joined the faculty of the University of SouthCarolina, Columbia, where she is currently the Guy F. Lipscomb Professor of Chemistry. Professor Murphy hasbeen honored for both research and teaching as a Camille Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar, an Alfred P. Sloan FoundationResearch Fellow, a Cottrell Scholar of the Research Corporation, a National Science Foundation CAREER Awardwinner and a subsequent NSF Award for Special Creativity. She has also received a USC Mortar Board Excellencein Teaching Award, the USC Golden Key Faculty Award for Creative Integration of Research and UndergraduateTeaching, the USC Michael J. Mungo Undergraduate Teaching Award, and the USC Outstanding UndergraduateResearch Mentor Award. Since 2006, Professor Murphy has served as a Senior Editor to the Journal of PhysicalChemistry. Professor Murphy's research program focuses on the synthesis and optical properties of inorganicnanomaterials, and on the local structure and dynamics of the DNA double helix. Contributing Author PATRICK M. WOODWARD received B.S. degrees in both Chemistry and Engineering from Idaho StateUniversity in 1991. He received a M.S. degree in Materials Science and a Ph.D. in Chemistry from Oregon StateUniversity in 1996. He spent two years as a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Physics at BrookhavenNational Laboratory. In 1998, he joined the faculty of the Chemistry Department at The Ohio State University where hecurrently holds the rank of Associate Professor. He has enjoyed visiting professorships at the University ofBordeaux, in France, and the University of Sydney, in Australia. Professor Woodward has been an Alfred P. SloanFoundation Research Fellow and a National Science Foundation CAREER Award winner. He currently serves as anAssociate Editor to the Journal of Solid State Chemistry and as the director of the Ohio REEL program, an NSFfunded center that works to bring authentic research experiments into the laboratories of 1st and 2nd year chemistryclasses in 15 colleges and universities across the state of Ohio. Professor Woodward's research program focuses onunderstanding the links between bonding, structure and properties of solid state inorganic functional materials.