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Combustion Engineering, Second Edition maintains the same goal as the original: to present the fundamentals of combustion science with application to today's energy challenges. Using combustion applications to reinforce the fundamentals of combustion science, this text provides a uniquely accessible introduction to combustion for undergraduate students, first-year graduate students, and professionals in the workplace. Combustion is a critical issue impacting energy utilization, sustainability, and climate change. The challenge is to design safe and efficient combustion systems for many types of fuels in a way that protects the environment and enables sustainable lifestyles. Emphasizing the use of combustion fundamentals in the engineering and design of combustion systems, this text provides detailed coverage of gaseous, liquid and solid fuel combustion, including focused coverage of biomass combustion, which will be invaluable to new entrants to the field. Eight chapters address the fundamentals of combustion, including fuels, thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, flames, detonations, sprays, and solid fuel combustion mechanisms. Eight additional chapters apply these fundamentals to furnaces, spark ignition and diesel engines, gas turbines, and suspension burning, fixed bed combustion, and fluidized bed combustion of solid fuels. Presenting a renewed emphasis on fundamentals and updated applications to illustrate the latest trends relevant to combustion engineering, the authors provide a number of pedagogic features, including: Numerous tables with practical data and formulae that link combustion fundamentals to engineering practice Concise presentation of mathematical methods with qualitative descriptions of their use Coverage of alternative and renewable fuel topics throughout the text Extensive example problems, chapter-end problems, and references These features and the overall fundamentals-to-practice nature of this book make it an ideal resource for undergraduate, first level graduate, or professional training classes. Students and practitioners will find that it is an excellent introduction to meeting the crucial challenge of engineering sustainable combustion systems in a cost-effective manner. A solutions manual and additional teaching resources are available with qualifying course adoption
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Table of Contents

Introduction to Combustion Engineering The Nature of Combustion Combustion Emissions Global Climate Change Sustainability World Energy Production Structure of the Book Section I: Basic Concepts Fuels Gaseous Fuels Liquid Fuels Solid Fuels Problems Thermodynamics of Combustion Review of First Law Concepts Properties of Mixtures Combustion Stoichiometry Chemical Energy Chemical Equilibrium Adiabatic Flame Temperature Chemical Kinetics of Combustion Elementary Reactions Chain Reactions Global Reactions Nitric Oxide Kinetics Reactions at a Solid Surface Problems References Section II: Combustion of Gaseous and Vaporized Fuels Flames Laminar Premixed Flames Laminar Flame Theory Turbulent Premixed Flames Explosion Limits Diffusion Flames Gas-Fired Furnaces and Boilers Energy Balance and Efficiency Fuel Substitution Residential Gas Burners Industrial Gas Burners Utility Gas Burners Low Swirl Gas Burners Premixed-Charge Engine Combustion Introduction to the Spark Ignition Engine Engine Efficiency One-Zone Model of Combustion in a Piston-Cylinder Two-Zone Model of Combustion in a Piston-Cylinder In-Cylinder Flame Structure Combustion Chamber Design Emission Controls Ethanol Considerations Review of Terminology for Premixed Gas, Four-Stroke Engines Detonation of Gaseous Mixtures Transition to Detonation Steady-State Detonations One-Dimensional Model for Propagation Velocity, Pressure, and Temperature Rise Across a Detonation Maintained and Pulse Detonations Section III: Combustion of Liquid Fuels Spray Formation and Droplet Behavior Spray Formation Droplet Size Distributions Fuel Injectors Vaporization of Single Droplets Oil-Fired Furnace Combustion Oil-Fired Systems Spray Combustion in Furnaces and Boilers Plug Flow Model of a Uniform Field of Droplets Emissions from Oil-Fired Furnaces and Boilers Gas Turbine Spray Combustion Gas Turbine Operating Parameters Combustor Design Combustion Rate Liner Heat Transfer Low Emissions Combustors Diesel Engine Combustion Introduction to Diesel Engine Combustion Combustion Chamber Geometry and Flow Patterns Fuel Injection Ignition Delay One-Zone Model and Rate of Combustion Engine Emissions Diesel Engine Improvements Detonation of Liquid and Gaseous Mixtures Detonation of Liquid Fuel Sprays Detonation of Liquid Fuel Layers Section IV: Combustion of Solid Fuels Solid Fuel Combustion Mechanisms Drying of Solid Fuels Devolatilization of Solid Fuels Char Combustion Ash Formation Fixed Bed Combustion Biomass Cookstoves Space Heating Stoves Using Logs Grate Burning Systems for Heat and Power Combustion Efficiency and Boiler Efficiency Emissions from Grate Burning Systems Modeling Combustion of Solid Fuels on a Grate Suspension Burning Pulverized Coal Burning Systems Pulverized Coal Combustion Behavior of Ash Emissions from Pulverized Coal Boilers Carbon Dioxide Capture and Sequestration Biomass-Fired Boilers Fluidized Bed Combustion Fluidization Fundamentals Combustion in a Bubbling Bed Atmospheric Pressure Fluidized Bed Combustion Systems Circulating Fluidized Beds Pressurized Fluidized Bed Gasification of Biomass Appendix A: Properties of Fuels Appendix B: Properties of Air (at 1 atm) Appendix C: Thermodynamic Properties of Combustion Products Appendix D: Historical Perspective on Combustion Technology

About the Author

Dr. Kenneth Ragland is an emeritus professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Wisconsin--Madison. Throughout his career, he taught courses in thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, combustion, and air pollution control. His early research was on solid fuel ram jet combustion, and gaseous and heterogeneous detonations. His research at UW--Madison focused on solid fuel combustion of coal and biomass as single particles, combustion in shallow and deep fixed beds, fluidized bed combustion, and combustion emissions. He served as chair of the Department of Mechanical Engineering from July 1995 until his retirement in July 1999. In retirement his research has focused on the development of systems for planting, harvesting, and combusting biomass crops for energy. Currently, he is the vice president of Energy Performance Systems, Inc. a Dr. Kenneth "Mark" Bryden joined the faculty of the Mechanical Engineering Department at Iowa State University in 1998 after receiving his doctoral degree in mechanical engineering from the University of Wisconsin--Madison. Prior to his studies at the University of Wisconsin--Madison, he worked fourteen years in a wide range of engineering positions at Westinghouse Electric Corporation. This included eight years in power plant operations and six years in power plant engineering. More than ten of these years were spent in engineering management. Mark has an active research and teaching program in the areas of energy, combustion, and appropriate technology. He is particularly interested in biomass combustion and small cookstoves for the developing world. He is president of Engineers for Technical and Humanitarian Opportunities for Service (ETHOS) and is the program director for the Simulation, Modeling and Decision Science Program at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory. He teaches classes in combustion, sustainability, energy systems, and design for the developing world. He is the recipient of numerous teaching and research awards, including three R&D 100 awards within the past five years.

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