I. INTRODUCTION. A. "Community" Defined. B. Community of Writers and Readers, Past and Present. C. Writing as Dialogue: Joining the Community. D. Languages for Different Communities. E. Communities in Which We Live. F. Conclusion. II. THE WRITING PROCESS. A. Awareness of Audience and Purpose. B. Choosing and Narrowing a Topic. C. Pre-Writing. D. Collaborative Writing - Developing an Idea. E. Organization and Forming a Thesis. F. Drafting. G. Encountering and Considering Other Writers: Dialogue. H. Revising. III. THE FIRST COMMUNITY - THE FAMILY. A. Augustine of Hippo, "Monica" from Confessions (195+). B. Maya Angelou, "Grandmother" from I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. C. Elizabeth Gaskell, "Home Difficulties," excerpt from The Life of Charlotte Bronte (Vol. II, Chapter 1, 301-311), including excerpts from Charlotte's letters. D. James Baldwin, "Sonny's Blues." E. King James Bible, Cain and Abel and the Parable of the Prodigal Son. F. Hisaye Yamamoto, "The Brown House" from Seventeen Syllables. G. Jean-Jacque Rousseau, "Family Memories" from Confessions (Part I, Book I, 429-431). H. James Carroll, "A Priest Forever," excerpt from An American Requiem, Chapter 10 (231-242, 245-249). I. Laura Shaine Cunningham, "Home and School," excerpt from Sleeping Arrangements. J. Da Chen, "Returning Home from College,"excerpt from Sounds of the River, Chapter 12. IV. ACADEMIC COMMUNITIES. A. John Henry Newman, "Knowledge Viewed in Relation to Learning" from The Idea of the University, Discourse VI, sections 9 and 10. B. Jan Morris, excerpt from Oxford, Chapter 9, "Sorts and Conditions." C. Augustine of Hippo, "Memories of School Days" Book I, Chapters 17-18, from Confessions. D. Frederick Douglass, "Sabbath School," excerpt from Narrative of a Life. E. Jona o than Kozol, "Stephen," Death at an Early Age, Chapter 1, Chapter 12. F. Robert Coles," Small Gestures" from Harvard Diaries. G. Eveylyn Waugh, "First Day of Term" from Charles Ryder's School Days.* H. Sylvia Plath, "Buddy," from The Bell Jar. I. bell hooks, "Building a Teaching Community" (a conversation with Ron Scapp) from Teaching to Transgress. J. Roger Ascham, "the brynging up of youth" from The Schoolmaster . K. Plato, "Allegory of the Cave." L. Fan Shen, "The Classroom and the Wider Culture: Identity as a Key to Learning in English Composition" from The Little Brown Reader, 8th ed. (417-427). V. ETHNIC COMMUNITIES AND IDENTITY. A. Alice Walker, "In Search of Our Mother's Gardens." B. Jonathan Boyarin, "Waiting for A Jew: Marginal Redemption at the Eighth Street Shul" from Thinking in Jewish. C. Julia Alvarez, "I Want to be Miss America" from Something to Declare (37-44). D. Maxine Hong Kingston,"At the Western Palace" from Woman Warrior (113-129, 142-160). E. V. S. Naipaul, "Women's Era" in India A Million Mutinies Now (400-419). F. Zora Neale Hurston, "My Birthplace," Dust Tracks on a Road, Chapter 1 (1-11). G. Richard Rodriguez, "Complexion" (113-139)excerpt from The Hunger of Memory H. Edward Said, "No Reconciliation Allowed" from Letters of Transit: Reflections on Exile, Identity, Language, and Loss, edited by Andre' Aciman. I. Malcolm X, "Youthful Work," Autobiography. VI. CREATIVE COMMUNITIES: ARTISTS, MUSICIANS, WRITERS. A. Christopher Wood, "The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood -PRB" from The Pre-Raphaelites (9-17 top, 20-22). B. Herbert Lottman, "Place of Work, Place of Play," from The Left Bank, Chapter 1, "Moving In" (p. 1, paragraph 1) and Chapter 4, "Place of Work, Place of Play." C. Linda McCartney, "The Beatles," Sixties (144-163). D. Zora Neale Hurston, "Books and Things,"Dust Tracks on a Road, Chapter XI. E. Dorothy Wordsworth, "Journal Entries," GrasmereJournals, January 1802 -February 1802, 60-61; April 1802, Thursday 15th, 84-91. F. Clyde S. Kilby, "Tolkien, Lewis, and Williams" from Tolkien and the Silmarillion, Chapter V. G. Van M. Cagle, "The Factory 1964-67 Pop Art as Pop Life" from Reconstructing Pop/Subculture: Art, Rock, and Andy Warhol, excerpt from Chapter 4. H. John Farrow, "More and Erasmus," from The Story of Thomas More, Chapter 4. I. Ted Gioia(section on Miles Davis, John Coltrane, and Bill Evans, pp. 292 - 307) from "Jazz in Transition: Miles, `Trane, Evans, Dolphy, Rollins," from "The Fragmentation of Jazz Styles" in The History of Jazz. VII. OPPRESSED COMMUNITIES AND THE STRUGGLE FOR FREEDOM. A. Martin Luther King, Jr., "Letter from the Birmingham Jail." B. Oscar Romero, Sermons from The Violence of Love, edited by James R. Brockman, S.J. (Jan. 27, 1980; pp. 229 -232; pp. 234, bot., -235 top; p. 242). C. Susan Sontag, "The AIDS Victim" from Aids and its Metaphors, Chapter 8. D. Anne Frank, Diary Entries from Diary of Anne Frank (entries from Wed. July 8, 1942, p. 226; Thursday, July - no date - 1942, p. 246; entries Thursday, May 25, 1944 p. 681; Friday, May 26, 1944, p. 682; Thursday, July 6, 1944, p. 704+;Tuesday August 1, 1944, p. 719). Also Epilogue, p. 722. E. Frederick Douglass, "Early Memories of Violence," from Narrative of a Life, Chapters I and II, Chapter X( 722-729). F. Terry Eagleton, "Heathcliff and the Great Hunger," excerpt from Chapter 1 of Heathcliff and the Great Hunger, Studies in Irish Culture (1-3, 17-26). H. Virginia Woolf, excerpt from "A Room of One's Own," Chapter 5. I. Julia Alvarez, "Chasing the Butterflies" from Something to Declare (197-209), J. Perpetua, Journal; translated by R. Waterville Muncey. K. Jonathan D. Spence, "The Noise of the Renegades," excerpt from Chapter 13, from Jonathan D. Spence's The Gate of Heavenly Peace: The Chinese and their Revolution, 1895-1980 (386-399, 402, 412-413). VIII. LANGUAGE AND THE DEFINING OF COMMUNITY. A. Richard Rodriguez, "The Achievement of Desire" from The Hunger of Memory, Chapter 2, (58-73). B. Julia Alvarez, "My English" from Something to Declare (21-29). C. George Orwell, "Politics and the English Language." D. Bob Hodge and Kam Louie, "Reading style, Interacting the Chinese Way" from The Politics of Chinese Language and Culture, The art of reading dragons; Chapter 2, (24-31). E. Whitney Bolton, "Middle English" from A Living Language: the History and Structure of English, Chapter 5 (136-143, 153-154). F. Robin Lakoff, "The Neutrality of the Status Quo" from The Language War, Chapter 2 (42-48). G. Toni Morrison, excerpt from "Black Matters" in Chapter 1 in Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination. H. Mark Twain, excerpt from English as She is Taught. I. Dorothee Solle, "The Languages of Mysticism: Negation, Paradox, and Silence," translated by Ruth Morris, from Celebrating Eli Weisel, Stories, Essays, Reflections. IX. THE CALL TO RADICAL COMMUNITY --- THREE CASE STUDIES. A. Dorothy Day and the Catholic Worker Movement. 1. New Testament: the Sermon on the Mount in Matt. 6: 38-48 and the Book of Acts 2:37-47. 2. The Little Flowers of St. Francis, Chapters 4 and 5 from "The Life of Brother Juniper" (226-229). 3. Dorothy Day, "Houses of Hospitality" from Chapter 3 (29-37, 39-43) and "A Baby is Always Born with a Loaf of Bread under Its Arm" from Chapter 8, (82-86) of Loaves and Fishes. 4. Robert Coles, "Living in a House of Hospitality" from Dorothy Day: A Radical Devotion, Chapter 6. B. The Hasidim. 1. Deuteronomy 14: 28-30 and 15:7-11 about sharing with the poor and Genesis 28: 10-22 about Jacob's Ladder. 2. George Kranzler, "Patterns of Social Welfare: The Spirit of a Community" from Hasidic Williamsburg: A Contemporary American Hasidic Community, excerpt from Chapter 9 (240-246, 250-256). 3. Nehemia Polen, "Coming of Age in Kozienice: Malkah Shapiro's Memoir of youth in the Sacred Space of a Hasidic Zaddik" from Celebrating Eli Weisel, Stories , Essays, Reflections. 4. Three Hasidic legends, from Legends of the Hasidim: An Introduction to Hasidic Culture and Oral Tradition in the New World, by Jerome R. Mintz a. "Mud" (256-257) b. "Charity for the Widow" (274) c. "No Way Out" (325-326) C. Acorn. 1. Nancy Enright, Interview with Gloria Waldron, President of Acorn of New York City. 2. John Atlas and Peter Dreier, "Enraging the Right" from National Housing Institute (NHI) Shelterforce Online, Issue #129, May/June 2003. 3. Acorn Website Postings, September 30, 2003. X. SERVICE LEARNING - ENGAGING ONE'S OWN COMMUNITY. A. Paulo Freire, "Dialogue," Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Chapter 3 (68-72). B. Thomas Deans, "Writing About the Community" from Writing Partnerships: Service-Learning in Composition (91-102). C. Jonathan Kozol, "A Narrow Lens," excerpt from Ordinary Resurrections: Children in the Years of Hope, Chapter 1. D. Leo Tolstoy,"What Men Live By" from Walk in the Light and Twenty-Three Tales, translated from the Russian by Louise and Aylmer Maude. E. Mary McLeod Bethune, excerpt from "Faith That Moved a Dump Heap" from American Women Activists' Writings: An Anthology, 1637-2002, edited by Kathryn Cullen-DuPont. F. bell hooks, "Seeing and Making Culture: Representing the Poor," Chapter 15 in Outlaw Culture: Resisting Representations. G. Michael John Martin, "Merging Voices: University Students Writing with Children in a Public Housing Project" in Reflections, Volume 1, Number 1. H. Bernadette Mentor, "The World of Foster Care." I. Lauren Weiler, "Alzheimer's Disease and its Impact on Victims and Their Families." J. Julie Coar, "Students Take the Lead in AIDS Education" in Enriching the Curriculum Through Service Learning, edited by Carol W. Kinsley and Kate McPherson.