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Computer Organization, Design, and Architecture, Fifth Edition

Suitable for a one- or two-semester undergraduate or beginning graduate course in computer science and computer engineering, Computer Organization, Design, and Architecture, Fifth Edition presents the operating principles, capabilities, and limitations of digital computers to enable the development of complex yet efficient systems. With 11 new sections and four revised sections, this edition takes students through a solid, up-to-date exploration of single- and multiple-processor systems, embedded architectures, and performance evaluation. See What's New in the Fifth Edition Expanded coverage of embedded systems, mobile processors, and cloud computing Material for the "Architecture and Organization" part of the 2013 IEEE/ACM Draft Curricula for Computer Science and Engineering Updated commercial machine architecture examples The backbone of the book is a description of the complete design of a simple but complete hypothetical computer. The author then details the architectural features of contemporary computer systems (selected from Intel, MIPS, ARM, Motorola, Cray and various microcontrollers, etc.) as enhancements to the structure of the simple computer. He also introduces performance enhancements and advanced architectures including networks, distributed systems, GRIDs, and cloud computing. Computer organization deals with providing just enough details on the operation of the computer system for sophisticated users and programmers. Often, books on digital systems' architecture fall into four categories: logic design, computer organization, hardware design, and system architecture. This book captures the important attributes of these four categories to present a comprehensive text that includes pertinent hardware, software, and system aspects.
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Table of Contents

Introduction Computer System Organization Computer Evolution Organization versus Design versus Architecture Summary Problems Bibliography Number Systems and Codes Number Systems Conversion Arithmetic Sign-Magnitude System Complement Number System Floating-Point Numbers Binary Codes Data Storage and Register Transfer Representation of Numbers, Arrays, and Records Summary Problems Bibliography Combinational Logic Basic Operations and Terminology Boolean Algebra (Switching Algebra) Minimization of Boolean Functions Primitive Hardware Blocks Functional Analysis of Combinational Circuits Synthesis of Combinational Circuits Some Popular Combinational Circuits Integrated Circuits Loading and Timing Summary Problems Bibliography Synchronous Sequential Circuits Flip-Flops Timing Characteristics of Flip-Flops Flip-Flop ICs Analysis of Synchronous Sequential Circuits Design of Synchronous Sequential Circuits Registers Register Transfer Logic Register Transfer Schemes Register Transfer Languages Designing Sequential Circuits with Integrated Circuits Programmable Logic Summary Problems Bibliography A Simple Computer A Simple Computer ASC Assembler Program Loading Subroutines Macros Linkers and Loaders Summary Problems Bibliography A Simple Computer Program Execution Data, Instruction, and Address Flow Bus Structure Arithmetic and Logic Unit Input/Output Control Unit Console Microprogrammed Control Unit (MCU) Summary Problems Bibliography Input/Output General I/O Model I/O Function Interrupts Direct-Memory Access Bus Architecture Channels I/O Processors Serial I/O Common I/O Devices Examples Summary Problems Bibliography Processor and Instruction-Set Architectures Types of Computer Systems Operand (Data) Types and Formats Registers Instruction Set Addressing Modes Instruction-Set Orthogonality RISC versus CISC Example Systems Summary Problems Bibliography Memory and Storage Types of Memory Memory System Parameters Memory Hierarchy Memory Devices and Organizations Memory System Design Using ICs Speed Enhancement Size Enhancement Address Extension Example Systems Summary Problems Bibliography Arithmetic/Logic Unit Enhancement Logical and Fixed-Point Binary Operations Decimal Arithmetic Pipelining ALU with Multiple Functional Units Example Systems Summary Problems Bibliography Control Unit Enhancement Speed Enhancement Hardwired versus Microprogrammed Control Units Pipeline Performance Issues Example Systems Summary Problems Bibliography Advanced Architectures MISD SIMD MIMD Cache Coherence Dataflow Architectures Systolic Architectures Example Systems Summary Problems Bibliography Embedded Systems Characteristics Software Architectures Example Systems Summary Problems Bibliography Mobile Processors and System on Chip Apple iPhone 4S ARM v7-A Application Profile Raspberry Pi Summary Problems Bibliography Computer Networks and Distributed Processing Computer Networks Distributed Processing Grid Computing Cloud Computing Summary Problems Bibliography Performance Evaluation Performance Measures Cost Factor Benchmarks Code Optimization Summary Problems Bibliography Appendix A Appendix B Index


Praise for the Previous Edition "I am convinced that the book will serve well as a handbook for courses on the fundamentals of computer architecture and organization." -Antoni Michalski, Zentralblatt Math, 2008

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