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Computer and Communication Networks

By Nader F. Mir

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Format: Hardcover, 912 pages, 2nd Revised Edition
Other Information: Illustrated
Published In: United States, 18 December 2014
Computer and Communication Networks, Second Edition, explains the modern technologies of networking and communications, preparing you to analyze and simulate complex networks, and to design cost-effective networks for emerging requirements. Offering uniquely balanced coverage of basic and advanced topics, it teaches through case studies, realistic examples and exercises, and intuitive illustrations. Nader F. Mir establishes a solid foundation in basic networking concepts; TCP/IP schemes; wireless and LTE networks; Internet applications, such as Web and e-mail; and network security. Then, he delves into both network analysis and advanced networking protocols, VoIP, cloud-based multimedia networking, SDN, and virtualized networks. In this new edition, Mir provides updated, practical, scenario-based information that many networking books lack, offering a uniquely effective blend of theory and implementation. Drawing on extensive field experience, he presents many contemporary applications and covers key topics that other texts overlook, including P2P and voice/video networking, SDN, information-centric networking, and modern router/switch design. Students, researchers, and networking professionals will find up-to-date, thorough coverage of * Packet switching * Internet protocols (including IPv6) * Networking devices * Links and link interfaces * LANs, WANs, and Internetworking * Multicast routing, and protocols * Wide area wireless networks and LTE * Transport and end-to-end protocols * Network applications and management * Network security * Network queues and delay analysis * Advanced router/switch architecture * QoS and scheduling * Tunneling, VPNs, and MPLS * All-optical networks, WDM, and GMPLS * Cloud computing and network virtualization * Software defined networking (SDN) * VoIP signaling * Media exchange and voice/video compression * Distributed/cloud-based multimedia networks * Mobile ad hoc networks * Wireless sensor networks Key features include * More than three hundred fifty figures that simplify complex topics * Numerous algorithms that summarize key networking protocols and equations * Up-to-date case studies illuminating concepts and theory * Approximately four hundred exercises and examples honed over Mir's twenty years of teaching networking

Table of Contents

Preface xxiii About the Author xxxvii Part I: Fundamental Concepts 1 Chapter 1: Packet-Switched Networks 3 1.1 Basic Definitions in Networks 4 1.2 Types of Packet-Switched Networks 11 1.3 Packet Size and Optimizations 15 1.4 Foundation of Networking Protocols 17 1.5 Addressing Scheme in the Internet 21 1.6 Equal-Sized Packets Model 28 1.7 Summary 28 1.8 Exercises 29 1.9 Computer Simulation Project 34 Chapter 2: Overview of Networking Devices 37 2.1 Network Interface Cards (NICs) 39 2.2 Switching and Routing Devices 40 2.3 Wireless Switching and Routing Devices 47 2.4 Modems 50 2.5 Multiplexers 58 2.6 Summary 66 2.7 Exercises 67 2.8 Computer Simulation Project 69 Chapter 3: Data Links and Link Interfaces 71 3.1 Data Links 72 3.2 Link Encoder 75 3.3 Error Detection and Correction on Links 77 3.4 Flow Control on Links 85 3.5 Link Access by Multiple Users 92 3.6 Wireless Channel Access by Multiple Users 97 3.7 Link Aggregation 107 3.8 Summary 109 3.9 Exercises 110 3.10 Computer Simulation Project 114 Chapter 4: Local Area Networks and Networks of LANs 115 4.1 LANs and Basic Topologies 116 4.2 LAN Protocols 117 4.3 Networks of LANs 121 4.4 MAC/IP Address Conversion Protocols 130 4.5 Spanning-Tree Protocol (STP) 133 4.6 Virtual LANs (VLANs) 136 4.7 Wireless LANs 139 4.8 IEEE 802.11 Wireless LAN Standard 142 4.9 Case Study: DOCSIS, a Cable TV Protocol 151 4.10 Summary 152 4.11 Exercises 153 4.12 Computer Simulation Project 157 Chapter 5: Wide-Area Routing and Internetworking 159 5.1 IP Packets and Basic Routing Policies 160 5.2 Path Selection Algorithms 173 5.3 Intradomain Routing Protocols 178 5.4 Interdomain Routing Protocols 188 5.5 Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6) 196 5.6 Congestion Control at the Network Layer 199 5.7 Summary 207 5.8 Exercises 209 5.9 Computer Simulation Project 213 Chapter 6: Multicast Routing and Protocols 215 6.1 Basic Definitions and Techniques 216 6.2 Local and Membership Multicast Protocols 221 6.3 Intradomain Multicast Protocols 223 6.4 Interdomain Multicast Protocols 231 6.5 Summary 237 6.6 Exercises 238 6.7 Computer Simulation Project 241 Chapter 7: Wireless Wide Area Networks and LTE Technology 243 7.1 Infrastructure of Wireless Networks 244 7.2 Cellular Networks 246 7.3 Mobile IP Management in Cellular Networks 259 7.4 Long-Term Evolution (LTE) Technology 268 7.5 Wireless Mesh Networks (WMNs) with LTE 277 7.6 Characterization of Wireless Channels 280 7.7 Summary 285 7.8 Exercises 286 7.9 Computer Simulation Project 288 Chapter 8: Transport and End-to-End Protocols 289 8.1 Overview of the Transport Layer 290 8.2 User Datagram Protocol (UDP) 295 8.3 Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) 298 8.4 Mobile Transport Protocols 307 8.5 TCP Congestion Control 309 8.6 Summary 315 8.7 Exercises 316 8.8 Computer Simulation Project 319 Chapter 9: Basic Network Applications and Management 321 9.1 Overview of the Application Layer 322 9.2 Domain Name System (DNS) 325 9.3 Electronic Mail (E-Mail) 330 9.4 World Wide Web (WWW) 335 9.5 Remote Login Protocols 342 9.6 File Transfer and FTP 346 9.7 Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Networking 347 9.8 Network Management 356 9.9 Summary 362 9.10 Exercises 363 9.11 Computer Simulation Projects 366 Chapter 10: Network Security 369 10.1 Overview of Network Security 370 10.2 Security Methods 375 10.3 Symmetric-Key Cryptography 377 10.4 Public-Key Cryptography 380 10.5 Authentication 383 10.6 Digital Signatures 387 10.7 Security of IP and Wireless Networks 387 10.8 Firewalls and Packet Filtering 391 10.9 Summary 396 10.10 Exercises 397 10.11 Computer Simulation Project 399 Part II: Advanced Concepts 401 Chapter 11: Network Queues and Delay Analysis 403 11.1 Little's Theorem 404 11.2 Birth-and-Death Process 406 11.3 Queueing Disciplines 408 11.4 Markovian FIFO Queueing Systems 409 11.5 Non-Markovian and Self-Similar Models 424 11.6 Networks of Queues 428 11.7 Summary 437 11.8 Exercises 438 11.9 Computer Simulation Project 444 Chapter 12: Advanced Router and Switch Architectures 445 12.1 Overview of Router Architecture 446 12.2 Input Port Processor (IPP) 447 12.3 Output Port Processor (OPP) 453 12.4 Central Controller 454 12.5 Switch Fabric 457 12.6 Multicasting Packets in Routers 475 12.7 Summary 480 12.8 Exercises 481 12.9 Computer Simulation Project 484 Chapter 13: Quality of Service and Scheduling in Routers 485 13.1 Overview of Quality of Service (QoS) 486 13.2 Integrated Services QoS 486 13.3 Differentiated Services QoS 495 13.4 Resource Allocation 497 13.5 Packet Scheduling 501 13.6 Summary 512 13.7 Exercises 513 13.8 Computer Simulation Project 517 Chapter 14: Tunneling, VPNs, and MPLS Networks 519 14.1 Tunneling 520 14.2 Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) 524 14.3 Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) 528 14.4 Summary 540 14.5 Exercises 540 14.6 Computer Simulation Project 543 Chapter 15: All-Optical Networks, WDM, and GMPLS 545 15.1 Overview of Optical Networks 546 15.2 Basic Optical Networking Devices 553 15.3 Large-Scale Optical Switches 558 15.4 Structure of Optical Cross Connects (OXCs) 560 15.5 Routing in All-Optical Networks 563 15.6 Wavelength Allocation in Networks 567 15.7 Case Study: An All-Optical Switch 569 15.8 Summary 572 15.9 Exercises 573 15.10 Computer Simulation Project 575 Chapter 16: Cloud Computing and Network Virtualization 577 16.1 Cloud Computing and Data Centers 578 16.2 Data Center Networks (DCNs) 588 16.3 Network Virtualization 595 16.3.1 Network Virtualization Components 596 16.4 Overlay Networks 600 16.5 Summary 601 16.6 Exercises 602 16.7 Computer Simulation Projects 605 Chapter 17: Software-Defined Networking (SDN) and Beyond 607 17.1 Software-Defined Networking (SDN) 608 17.2 SDN-Based Network Model 613 17.3 Small-Size SDN Architectures 620 17.4 SDN Architectures for Clouds 621 17.5 Network Functions Virtualization (NFV) 623 17.6 Information-Centric Networking (ICN) 627 17.7 Network Emulators for Advanced Networks 632 17.8 Summary 635 17.9 Exercises 636 17.10 Computer Simulation Projects 638 Chapter 18: Voice over IP (VoIP) Signaling 641 18.1 Public Switched Telephone Networks (PSTN) 642 18.2 Overview of Voice over IP (VoIP) 649 18.3 H.323 Protocol 652 18.4 Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) 666 18.5 Softswitch Methods and MGCP 678 18.6 VoIP and Multimedia Internetworking 679 18.7 Summary 684 18.8 Exercises 685 18.9 Computer Simulation Projects 689 Chapter 19: Media Exchange and Voice/Video Compression 693 19.1 Overview of Data Compression 694 19.2 Digital Voice and Compression 695 19.3 Still Images and JPEG Compression 701 19.4 Moving Images and MPEG Compression 707 19.5 Compression Methods with Loss 709 19.6 Compression Methods without Loss 713 19.7 Scanned Document Compression 717 19.8 Summary 718 19.9 Exercises 719 19.10 Computer Simulation Project 724 Chapter 20: Distributed and Cloud-Based Multimedia Networking 725 20.1 Real-Time Media Exchange Protocols 726 20.2 Distributed Multimedia Networking 741 20.3 Cloud-Based Multimedia Networking 751 20.4 Self-Similarity and Non-Markovian Streaming 756 20.5 Summary 759 20.6 Exercises 761 20.7 Computer Simulation Project 764 Chapter 21: Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks 765 21.1 Overview of Wireless Ad-Hoc Networks 766 21.2 Routing in Ad-Hoc Networks 767 21.3 Routing Protocols for Ad-Hoc Networks 769 21.4 Security of Ad-Hoc Networks 783 21.5 Summary 785 21.6 Exercises 786 21.7 Computer Simulation Projects 787 Chapter 22: Wireless Sensor Networks 789 22.1 Sensor Networks and Protocol Structures 790 22.2 Communication Energy Model 794 22.3 Clustering Protocols 799 22.4 Routing Protocols 805 22.5 Other Related Technologies 811 22.6 Case Study: Simulation of a Sensor Network 812 22.7 Summary 814 22.8 Exercises 815 22.9 Computer Simulation Projects 815 Appendix A: Glossary of Acronyms 817 Appendix B: RFCs 823 Appendix C: Probabilities and Stochastic Processes 827 C.1 Probability Theory 827 C.2 Random Variables 828 C.3 Multiple Random Variables 832 C.4 Stochastic (Random) Processes 834 C.5 Theory of Markov Chains 835 C.5.1 Continuous-Time Markov Chains 835 Appendix D: Erlang-B Blocking Probability Table 837 Index 841

About the Author

Nader F. Mir, professor and former associate chair at San Jose State University's Electrical Engineering Department, directs its off-campus graduate program for Silicon Valley companies. A senior member of IEEE, he regularly consults on patent litigation for leading companies related to communications and networking. Internationally known for his scholarly work, he has spoken at many leading conferences, published nearly one hundred refereed papers, and is currently technical editor of IEEE Communication magazine.

EAN: 9780133814743
ISBN: 0133814742
Publisher: Prentice Hall
Dimensions: 23.37 x 18.03 x 5.08 centimetres (1.54 kg)
Age Range: 15+ years
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