A Concise Introduction to Logic

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Part I: INFORMAL LOGIC.

1. Basic Concepts.

Arguments, Premises, and Conclusions. Exercise. Recognizing
Arguments. Exercise. Deduction and Induction. Exercise. Validity,
Truth, Soundness, Strength, Cogency. Exercise. Argument Forms:
Proving Invalidity. Exercise. Extended Arguments. Exercise.

2. Language: Meaning and Definition.

Varieties of Meaning. Exercise. The Intension and Extension of
Terms. Exercise. Definitions and Their Purposes. Exercise.
Definitional Techniques. Exercise. Criteria for Lexical
Definitions. Exercise.

3. Informal Fallacies.

Fallacies in General. Exercise. Fallacies of Relevance. Exercise.
Fallacies of Weak Induction. Exercise. Fallacies of Presumption,
Ambiguity, and Illicit Transference. Exercise. Fallacies in
Ordinary Language. Exercise.

Part II: FORMAL LOGIC.

4. Categorical Propositions.

The Components of Categorical Propositions. Exercise. Quality,
Quantity, and Distribution. Exercise. Venn Diagrams and the Modern
Square of Opposition. Exercise. Conversion, Obversion, and
Contraposition. Exercise. The Traditional Square of Opposition.
Exercise. Venn Diagrams and the Traditional Standpoint. Exercise.
Translating Ordinary Language Statements into Categorical Form.
Exercise.

5. Categorical Syllogisms.

Standard Form, Mood, and Figure. Exercise. Venn Diagrams. Exercise.
Rules and Fallacies. Exercise. Reducing the Number of Terms.
Exercise. Ordinary Language Arguments. Exercise. Enthymemes.
Exercise. Sorites. Exercise.

6. Propositional Logic.

Symbols and Translation. Exercise. Truth Functions. Exercise. Truth
Tables for Propositions. Exercise. Truth Tables for Arguments.
Exercise. Indirect Truth Tables. Exercise. Argument Forms and
Fallacies. Exercise.

7. Natural Deduction in Propositional Logic.

Rules of Implication I. Exercise. Rules of Implication II.
Exercise. Rules of Replacement I. Exercise. Rules of Replacement
II. Exercise. Conditional Proof. Exercise. Indirect Proof.
Exercise. Proving Logical Truths. Exercise.

8. Predicate Logic

Symbols and Translation. Exercise. Using the Rules of Inference.
Exercise. Quantifier Negation Rule. Exercise. Conditional and
Indirect Proof. Exercise. Proving Invalidity. Exercise. Relational
Predicates and Overlapping Quantifiers. Exercise. Identity.
Exercise.

Part III: INDUCTIVE LOGIC.

9. Analogy and Legal and Moral Reasoning.

Analogical Reasoning. Legal Reasoning. Moral Reasoning.
Exercise.

10. Causality and Mill's Methods.

Cause" and Necessary and Sufficient Conditions. Mill's Five
Methods. Mill's Methods and Science. Exercise.

11. Probability.

Theories of Probability. The Probability Calculus. Exercise.

12. Statistical Reasoning.

Evaluating Statistics. Samples. The Meaning of "Average."
Dispersion. Graphs and Pictograms. Percentages. Exercise.

13. Hypothetical/Scientific Reasoning.

The Hypothetical Method. Hypothetical Reasoning: Four Examples from
Science. The Proof of Hypotheses. The Tentative Acceptance of
Hypotheses. Exercise.

14. Science and Superstition.

Distinguishing Between Science and Superstition. Evidentiary
Support. Objectivity. Integrity. Concluding Remarks. Exercise.

Answers to Selected Exercises.

Glossary/Index."

Patrick Hurley was born in Spokane, Washington in 1942. He received his bachelor's degree in mathematics (with a Physics minor) from Gonzaga University in 1964 and his Ph.D. in philosophy of science with an emphasis in history of philosophy from Saint Louis University in 1973. In 1972 he began teaching at the University of San Diego, where his courses have included logic, philosophy of science, metaphysics, process philosophy, and legal ethics. In 1987 he received his J.D. from the University of San Diego and he is currently a member of the California Bar Association. He retired from teaching in 2008, but continues his research and writing. His interests include music, art, opera, environmental issues, fishing, and skiing.

"Hurley has. . . always been straight to the point and clear on
definition. Now, it is much more expanded with modern and creative
examples that ease up on the tenseness inherent in learning
logic."

"Hurley's text provides a methodical introduction to the strategies
and techniques usually covered in an introductory logic course,
including both formal and informal topics. Numerous exercises
provide plenty of opportunity for students to practice the skills
they have learned."

"It is the clearest text, with the best technology available."

"This is the 'gold standard' of introductory logic texts."

"What I like perhaps most about Hurley's text is the organization
of the material. His book introduces the material in step-by-step
way, building off of what was just learned the section before and
adding just enough information to each section to simplify the
whole process of learning logic."

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