Introduction Concrete petrography Historical background Overview of petrographic methods Standard procedures Objectives and coverage References Petrographic equipment and methods Petrographic examination of concrete Initial laboratory examination Petrographic laboratory Quantitative methods of component analysis Complementary and specialised techniques Computer-aided petrographic methods References Sampling and specimen preparation Sampling concrete and related materials Inspection of structures Representative sample Preparation of thin sections and finely ground or polished surfaces Specimen preparation for special purposes References Composition of concrete Scope Cement types and binder content Aggregate types and characteristics Water/cement ratio Air-void content and air entrainment Mineral additions and pigments Chemical admixtures Fibre reinforcement Analysis of concrete References Appearance and textures of cementitious materials Introduction Optical observations of the hardened Portland cement paste matrix Concretes containing mineral admixtures High-alumina or calcium aluminate cement concretes Carbonation of Portland cement concretes Interfaces within concrete Voids in concrete Cracking in concrete References Examination of deteriorated and damaged concrete Introduction Plastic and drying shrinkage Corrosion of steel reinforcement Frost and freeze-thaw action Sulphate actions Acid and alkaline attacks Weathering and leaching AAR AAR involving carbonate aggregates Damage from thermal cycling and fire References Precast and special concretes Standard precast concrete units Precast, block, brick, tile and pavers Precast concrete pipes Reinforced precast concrete units Steam-cured precast concrete units Composite precast concrete units and reconstituted (artificial) stone Fibre reinforced products Polymer cement products Special floor coatings Self-compacting concrete Lightweight aggregates and concretes References Portland cement mortar, screeds, renders and special cements Mortar and related materials Floor screeds Renders and cementitious plasters Jointing and bedding mortars Special cements and grouts Sprayed concrete Cementitious repair materials Cementitious levelling compounds Cementitious adhesive compounds References Non-Portland cementitious materials, plasters and mortars Lime-based materials and products Lime plasters, mortars and screeds Gypsum-based wall plasters and plasterboard Historic materials Calcium silicate products Special flooring finishes Surface coatings References Glossary of minerals
Dr. Alan Poole began his career as a geologist before becoming a consultant specializing in the petrography of aggregates, concrete and related materials. He gained a wide experience of both the practical and research aspects of alkali-aggregate reaction in concrete working both in the UK and abroad. He is involved in specialist post-graduate training, with British and European standards committees and with technical working parties. Dr. Ian Sims is a director of RSK Environment Ltd in the UK, where he is responsible for their Materials Consultancy team (including their Petrography Laboratory) and expert witness services. He is Chairman of the British Standards aggregates committee; and previously Secretary of the Geological Society (Engineering Group) working parties on Aggregates, Stone and Clay materials for construction, also their working party on Hot Deserts: engineering, geology and geomorphology, and of the RILEM international technical committees on alkali-aggregate reactivity in concrete (1988 to 2014).
'I believe that this volume will stand for many years as the international standard and definitive source of information on the petrography of concrete and congratulate the authors on their accomplishment' Sydney Diamond, Purdue University, USA in the Foreword 'This authoritative book is very welcome arrival...I sincerely congratulate the authors on their tremendous effort to procuce this comprehensive invaluable text on concrete petrography...I would like to strongly recommend it to the whole cross section of professionals, researchers and academics who deal with the examination and evaluation of concrete structures, particularly those suffering from deterioration.' Concrete Institute of Australia '... this is one of those rare 'must read' books... this is a book that unlocks the mysteries of concrete ... one of those books that one feels one must have on the technical bookshelf because you know you will want to refer to it at almost any time... a handsome book ... if you are 'into' concrete in any way, you must try this book ...if only for a new colourful view of the 'grey old concrete'.' The Structural Engineer '... a good reference source...' The Indian Concrete Journal, Sept 1998 '... a comprehensive review ... this book provides a sound description of the literature of the subject ... a valuable resource ... an excellent introduction ... a useful guide to the engineer ... clear and useful photomicrographs ... the value of petrography will be enhanced by this book.' Chemistry and Industry, April 1999