1. ETHICAL THEORIES. Introduction. James Rachels: Egoism and Moral Scepticism. John Arthur: Religion, Morality, and Conscience. Saint Thomas Aquinas: The Natural Law. David Hume: Morality is Based on Sentiment Mary Midgley: Trying Out One's New Sword. John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism. Immanuel Kant: The Categorical Imperative. Aristotle: Happiness and Virtue. John Rawls: A Theory of Justice. Jean Grimshaw: The Idea of a Female Ethic. Problem Cases. Suggested Readings. 2. ABORTION. Introduction. The U.S. Supreme Court: Roe v. Wade (1973). John T. Noonan, Jr.: An Almost Absolute Value in History. Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion. Mary Anne Warren: On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion Sidney Callahan: Abortion and the Sexual Agenda. Don Marquis: An Argument that Abortion is Wrong. Problem Cases. Suggested Readings. 3. EUTHANASIA AND THE DUTY TO DIE. Introduction. James Rachels: Active and Passive Euthanasia. Bonnie Steinbock: The Intentional Termination of Life. Phillippa Foot: Killing and Letting Die. John Harris: The Survival Lottery. John Hardwig: Is There a Duty to Die? Problem Cases. Suggested Readings. 4. CAPITAL PUNISHMENT. Introduction. The U.S. Supreme Court: Gregg v. Georgia (1976). Immanuel Kant: The Retributive Theory of Punishment. Ernest van den Haag: The Ultimate Punishment. Jeffrey H. Reiman: Justice, Civilization, and the Death Penalty. David Gelernter: What Do Murderers Deserve? Problem Cases. Suggested Readings. 5. GAY RIGHTS AND SAME-SEX MARRIAGE. Introduction Martha Nussbaum: Gay Rights Jeff Jordan: Is it Wrong to Discriminate on the Basis of Homosexuality? Jonathan Rauch: Who Needs Marriage? Maggie Gallagher: What Marriage is For. Problem Cases. Suggested Readings. 6. DRUGS AND ADDICTION. Introduction. Thomas Szasz: The Ethics of Addiction. U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration: Speaking Out. Against Drug Legalization. Daniel Shapiro: Addiction and Drug Policy. Robert E. Goodin: The Ethics of Smoking. Problem Cases. Suggested Readings. 7. THE MORAL STATUS OF ANIMALS. Introduction. Immanuel Kant: Our Duties to Animals. Peter Singer: All Animals Are Equal. Tom Regan: The Case for Animal Rights. Mary Anne Warren: Difficulties with the Strong Animal Rights Position. Problem Cases. Suggested Readings. 8. GLOBAL WARMING AND CONSUMPTION. Introduction Robert Hood: Global Warming Bjorn Lomborg: The Cost of Global Warming. Alan Thein Durning: The Environmental Costs of Consumption. Peter Singer: Famine, Affluence, and Morality. Problem Cases. Suggested Readings. 9. WAR AND TERRORISM. Introduction. Douglas P. Lackey: Pacifism. William V. O'Brien: The Conduct of Just and Limited War Louise Richardson: What is Terrorism? Laurie Calhoun: The Terrorist's Tacit Message Claudia Card: Questions Regarding a War on Terrorism. David Luban: The War on Terrorism and the End of Human Rights. Problem Cases. Suggested Readings. 10. TORTURE. Introduction. Henry Shue: Torture David Luban: Torture and the Ticking Bomb. Heather MacDonald: How to Interrogate Terrorists. Problem Cases. Suggested Readings.