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Introduction1 The emergence of the modern penal system The emergence of a new penal system? The inter-War years2 Prisons and imprisonment in post-War Britain The Criminal Justice Act 1967 Grievances among the incarcerated The May Report The prison crisis escalates Strangeways and the Woolf Report The response to Woolf Privatisation and penal policy The aims of imprisonment? The 1990s and beyond: the spectre of mass incarceration3 The new police and the emergence of policing policy The emergence of the modern police service The police and policing after the Royal Commission The Royal Commission on the Police 1960 The Police Act 1964 The introduction of Unit Beat Policing The uncovering of corruption in the 1970s A changing political context: policing after 1979 Urban unrest and policing the riots Policing the miners' strike The Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 Police investigation Police accountability Police complaints Financing the police The spectre of privatisation Crime prevention and community policing4 Policing: the 1990s and beyond The White Paper on police reform The Sheehy Inquiry The Royal Commission on Criminal Justice The Home Office Review of Core and Ancillary Tasks The Police and Magistrates' Courts Act 1994 Other aspects of centralisation Policing under `New' Labour' The Stephen Lawrence Inquiry The Crime and Disorder Act 1998 The Patten Inquiry Police reform programme Conclusion5 Crime prevention and community safety Defining crime prevention The rebirth of crime prevention The problem of governance New Labour and community safety Conclusion6 Probation: from advise, assist and befriend to punishment in the community The origins of the probation service The Probation of Offenders Act 1907 The emergence of bureaucracy The rise of the `diagnostician' From alternatives to custody' to `punishment in the community' Statement of National Objectives and Priorities Punishment, custody and the community Enter the auditors Crime, justice and protecting the public The Criminal Justice Act 1991 The probation service and `What Works' Concluding comments7 Sentencing and non-custodial penalties The probation order Community service orders The fine The suspended sentence of imprisonment The Criminal Justice Act 1991 Retreat from the 1991 Act Sentencing reform Conclusion8 Youth crime and youth justice Introduction Juvenile crime The history of juvenile justice The rediscovery of populist punitiveness New Labour and youth justice The influence of restorative justice Conclusion9 Victims and criminal justice policy Compensation by the offender and the state p;Compensation by the state Compensation by the offender The emergence of restorative justice The re-emergence of feminism Rape and domestic violence Child abuse The rise of Victim Support Progress since the 1990s Conclusion10 Conclusion: the future of criminal justice policy Managerialism and financial control Local autonomy or state control? A return to penal populism Crime, government and image managementBibliography
A comprehensive user friendly introduction to the field of British criminal justice, fully revised and updated including original documents and topical accounts.
"This is an outstanding introduction to the history, development and current issues of some key areas of criminal justice policy in England and Wales...It is well written, easy to follow...A superb student text but also a most for anyone new to the field." "Labour Campaign for Criminal Justice"