List of Figures List of Tables Preface Purpose of the Book Audience for the Book Book Features New Features Added to the Third Edition Acknowledgments About the Authors Chapter 1 * The Nature of Mixed Methods Research Defining Mixed Methods Research Examples of Mixed Methods Studies What Research Problems Require Mixed Methods? What Are the Advantages of Using Mixed Methods? What Are the Challenges in Using Mixed Methods? Summary Activities Additional Resources to Examine Chapter 2 * The Foundations of Mixed Methods Research Historical Foundations Philosophical Foundations Theoretical Foundations Summary Activities Additional Resources to Examine Chapter 3 * Core Mixed Methods Designs Key Concepts That Inform Mixed Methods Designs The Three Core Mixed Methods Designs Additional Considerations in Choosing a Core Design Describing a Design in a Written Report Summary Activities Additional Resources to Examine Chapter 4 * Complex Applications of Core Mixed Methods Designs Intersecting Core Mixed Methods Designs With Other Research Approaches or Frameworks Four Prominent Types of Complex Mixed Methods Designs Drawing Diagrams of Complex Applications Summary Activities Additional Resources to Examine Chapter 5 * Introducing a Mixed Methods Study Writing a Mixed Methods Title Stating the Research Problem in the Introduction Developing the Purpose Statement Writing Research Questions and Hypotheses Summary Activities Additional Resources to Examine Chapter 6 * Collecting Data in Mixed Methods Research Procedures in Collecting Qualitative and Quantitative Data General Considerations for Data Collection in Mixed Methods Data Collection Within the Mixed Methods Designs Summary Activities Additional Resources to Examine Chapter 7 * Analyzing and Interpreting Data in Mixed Methods Research Procedures in Quantitative and Qualitative Data Analysis and Interpretation Mixed Methods Data Analysis and Interpretation Integrated Data Analysis and Interpretation Within the Mixed Methods Designs Validity and Mixed Methods Designs Software Applications and Mixed Methods Data Analysis Summary Activities Additional Resources to Examine Chapter 8 * Writing and Evaluating Mixed Methods Research General Guidelines for Writing Relate the Mixed Methods Structure to the Type of Writing Evaluating a Mixed Methods Study Summary Activities Additional Resources to Examine Chapter 9 * Advances in Mixed Methods Research Advances in Mining Data Advances in the Insight Gained Through the Value of Mixed Methods Research Advances in Mixed Methods Designs Advances in Representations of Design Procedures Advances in Integration Advances in Creating Mixed Methods Questions and Study Aims Advances in Representing Integration Through Joint Displays Advances in Mixed Methods Validity Advances in Understanding Skills Required for Mixed Methods Advances in Publishing Mixed Methods Manuscripts Summary Activities Additional Resources to Examine Appendix A: Unwritten Rules of Talking to Doctors About Depression: Integrating Qualitative and Quantitative Methods Appendix B: Students' Persistence in a Distributed Doctoral Program in Educational Leadership in Higher Education: A Mixed Methods Study Appendix C: The Development of Client Violence Questionnaire (CVQ) Appendix D: Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Robotic Gait Training and Gait-Focused Physical Therapy Programs for Children and Youth With Cerebral Palsy: A Mixed Methods RCT Appendix E: Reconciling Data From Different Sources: Practical Realities of Using Mixed Methods to Identify Effective High School Practices Appendix F: Understanding Transitions in Care From Hospital to Homeless Shelter: A Mixed-Methods, Community-Based Participatory Approach Appendix G: Mixed Methods in Intervention Research: Theory to Adaptation Glossary References Index
John W. Creswell, PhD, has been a professor of educational psychology at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln since 1978. In addition to teaching at the university, he has authored numerous articles on mixed methods research, qualitative methodology, and general research design and 12 books, many of which focus on types of research designs, comparisons of different qualitative methodologies, and the nature and use of mixed methods research. His books are translated into many languages and used around the world. For the last five years, Dr. Creswell served as a co-director at the Office of Qualitative and Mixed Methods Research at the University of Nebraska, which provided support for scholars incorporating qualitative and mixed methods research into projects for extramural funding. He served as the founding co-editor of the Sage Journal of Mixed Methods Research, and as an adjunct professor of family medicine at the University of Michigan where he assisted investigators in the health sciences and education with research methodology for National Institutes of Health (NIH) and National Science Foundation projects. He also served extensively as a consultant in the health services research area for the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Dr. Creswell was a Senior Fulbright Scholar to South Africa and in 2008 lectured to faculty at five universities on education and the health sciences. In 2012 he served as a Senior Fulbright Scholar to Thailand. Recently he served as a co-leader of a national working group developing guidelines for mixed methods research for NIH. He lives with his wife, Karen, in Lincoln, Nebraska. Vicki L. Plano Clark (Ph.D., University of Nebraska-Lincoln) is an assistant professor in the Quantitative and Mixed Methods Research Methodologies concentration of Educational Studies at the University of Cincinnati. Her teaching focuses on foundations of research methodologies and mixed methods research, including a two-semester mixed methods sequence and special topics courses. As a methodologist specializing in mixed methods research, her scholarship aims to delineate useful designs for conducting mixed methods research, examine procedural issues associated with these designs, and consider larger questions about the contexts for the adoption and use of mixed methods. She has also co-authored several books with John W. Creswell including Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research (SAGE, 2007, 2011), The Mixed Methods Reader (SAGE, 2008), and Understanding Research: A Consumer's Guide (Pearson Education, 2010, 2015). She was the founding Managing Editor for the Journal of Mixed Methods Research and currently serves as an Associate Editor. In 2011, she co-led the development of Best Practices for Mixed Methods in the Health Sciences for NIH's Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research. She is a founding co-editor of SAGE's Mixed Methods Research Series. As an applied research methodologist, Vicki also engages in research and evaluation projects on a wide array of topics such as the management of cancer pain, the identity development of STEM graduate students, the professional development of teachers of Chinese, and the effectiveness of school reform initiatives. Before joining the University of Cincinnati, she was the director of the Office of Qualitative and Mixed Methods Research, a service and research unit that provides methodological support for proposal development and funded projects at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Originally trained in physics, she spent 12 years developing innovative curricular materials for introductory physics as the Physics Laboratory Manager at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.
"Narrowing down the research methods to three primary types and then providing application methods and basic step-by-step instructions, along with great resources in the appendix and outside contributions, makes this a must have book in any academic study leading to research development." -- Natalie Ellis "Creswell and Plano Clark do excellent work in showing the evolution of mixed-methods research. One of the highlights of this edition is the addition of scaffolds that guide writing sections of a mixed-methods study." -- Senay Purzer "This updated edition provides thoughtful consideration to how the field of mixed methods research has changed, including how the authors' own definitions and typologies have refined. It also provides a discussion of a diverse array of empirical studies from prominent and emerging mixed methods scholars, highlighting the strength and potential of this field for social and behavioral sciences." -- Peggy Shannon-Baker "Readers of the book will understand the expanding breadth of multiple methods, the value of complex methods for sophisticated analysis of problems, and how to use and evaluate mixed methods in research." -- Joseph Drew "An excellent guide for the design and conduct of mixed methods research!" -- Mansoo Yu "Creswell and Plano Clark have captured recent changes within mixed methods research, and these are reflected in this dynamic, salient book!" -- Susan Sweat Gunby "The go-to text for mixed methods research." -- Regardt Ferreira