Figures and Tables Preface Introduction 1. Some Thoughts on Engineering 1.1.: The Engineer 1.2.: Characteristics of an Engineering Problem 1.2.1.: Change 1.2.2.: Resources 1.2.3.: Best 1.2.4.: Uncertainty 1.3.: Example Engineering Problems 2. The Principal Rule of the Engineering Method 2.1.: Definition of Engineering Design 2.2.: The Heuristic 2.2.1.: Definition 2.2.2.: Signatures of the Heuristic 2.2.3.: Synonyms of the Heuristic 2.2.4.: Examples of Engineering Heuristics 2.3.: State of the Art 2.3.1.: Definition 2.3.2.: Evolution 2.3.3.: Transmission 2.3.4.: An Acronym for State of the Art 2.3.5.: Example Uses of the SOTA 220.127.116.11.: Comparison of Engineers 18.104.22.168.: Rule of Judgement 22.214.171.124.: Engineer and Society 2.4.: Principal Rule of the Engineering Method 3. Some Heuristics Used by the Engineering Method 3.1.: Definition of Engineering Design 3.2.: The Heuristic Method 3.3.: Nature of Our Argument 3.3.1.: Induction as a Heuristic 3.4.: Representative Engineering Heuristics 3.4.1.: Rules of Thumb and Orders of Magnitude 3.4.2.: Factors of Safety 3.4.3.: Attitude Determining Heuristics 3.4.3.: Risk-Controlling Heuristics 3.4.4.: Miscellaneous Heuristics 3.5.: Alternate Definitions of Engineering 3.5.1.: Engineering and Morphology 3.5.2.: Engineering and Applied Science 3.5.3.: Engineering and Trial and Error 3.5.4.: Engineering and Problem Solution 3.6.: Nature as a Designer 3.7.: Preferred Definition of the Engineering Method 3.7.1.: Time as a Heuristic 3.7.2.: Derivation to a Curve 3.7.3.: Reduction to a Preferred Form 3.7.4.: Justification of the Heuristic Definition of the Engineering Method 3.8.: Engineering Worldview 3.8.1.: Coordinate Systems 3.8.2.: Turtle Graphics 3.8.3.: Consistent Engineering Worldview 4. The Universale Organum 4.1.: Difficulties in Explaining the Koan 4.1.1.: General Difficulties 4.1.2.: Language as a Heuristic 4.2.: Compelling Belief in KOAN 4.2.1.: Basic Approach to Compel Belief 4.2.2.: My Program 4.2.3.: Weaving a Tapestry 126.96.36.199.: Arithmetic as Arithmetic 188.8.131.52.: Mathematics as Mathematics 184.108.40.206.: Deduction as Deduction 220.127.116.11.: Certain as Certain 18.104.22.168.: Position as Position 22.214.171.124.: Logic as Logic 126.96.36.199.: Truth as Truth 188.8.131.52.: Progress as Progress 184.108.40.206.: Causality as Causality 220.127.116.11.: Consciousness as Consciousness 18.104.22.168.: Physical Reality as Physical Reality 22.214.171.124.: Science as Science 126.96.36.199.: Perception as Perception 4.2.4.: Experto Credite 188.8.131.52.: Argument as Argument 4.2.5.: All Is Heuristic 4.2.6.: Reduction of Koan to a Preferred Form 184.108.40.206.: All 220.127.116.11.: Is 18.104.22.168.: Heuristic 4.3.: Comparison of Heuristic and Skeptical Positions 4.3.1.: History of Skepticism 4.3.2.: Differences between Skeptic and Engineer 22.214.171.124.: Genie Malin 126.96.36.199.: Coherence 188.8.131.52.: Home Field Advantage 184.108.40.206.: Skeptic's Pride 220.127.116.11.: Reification of Doubt 4.3.3.: An Impregnable Defense 4.4.: Overall SOTA 4.4.1.: Synonyms 4.4.2.: Partitioning Overall SOTA 18.104.22.168.: Concepts as Subsets 22.214.171.124.: Fuzzy Subsets 4.4.3.: Personal SOTAs 126.96.36.199.: Compelling Nature of Personal SOTA 188.8.131.52.: Incoherence of Personal Sota 184.108.40.206.: Rules of Judgement and Implementation 220.127.116.11.: Engineer's Ataraxia 4.5.: A Discourse on Method 4.5.1.: Method of Descartes 4.5.2.: Problems with Descartes' Method 18.104.22.168.: Universal 22.214.171.124.: Comprehensive 126.96.36.199.: Prior Philosophical Commitment 188.8.131.52.: Self Sufficient 4.5.3.: Universal Organum 4.6.: Engineering, Philosophy, and the Universal Method 5. Summary of the Method 6. Application of the Method 6.1.: Traditional Utopia 6.2.: Utopia as a Program for Change 6.3.: Eutopia 6.4.: Mundus Institute of Technology 6.4.1.: Origins 6.4.2.: Architecture 6.4.3.: Personnel 184.108.40.206.: Abstractors 220.127.116.11.: Professors 18.104.22.168.: Students 6.4.4.: Research in Progress 22.214.171.124.: Research in the Vestibule 126.96.36.199.: Research in the Corridors An Anachronistic Preface Heuristics Index
Billy V. Koen is Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Texas at Austin and a fellow of both the American Nuclear Society (ANS) and the American Society of Engineering Education (ASEE). He has received fifteen awards for teaching excellence, including the W. Leighton Collins Award, (the ASEE's highest honor for pedagogy), and the ASEE Centennial Medallion for his lasting impact on the field of engineering education. He is a pioneer in the application of artificial intelligence to nuclear reactor reliability and the introduction of self-paced teaching strategies in engineering education. He has written more than 125 technical publications and has contributed to numerous textbooks and engineering journals. Included in his body of work is the classic treatise, "Definition of the Engineering Method," published by the ASEE in 1985.
"The best description of engineering that I have ever seen, and one of the most provocative hypotheses about science and nature that I have ever seen!" --Dr. William A. Wulf, President, National Academy of Engineering "Koen has both mastered and melded a number of seemingly imiscable disciplines - philosophy, linguistics, theology - with his own professional field of engineering. It is reminiscent of the way that Thomas Aquinas reconciled Christianity with Philosophy." --Michael Murphy, Toronto, Canada "Professor Koen's book suggests a startling, explicit statement of a new way to think about engineering and life.If we, as educators, wish to prepare our students for engineering practice, the techniques indicated in this book provide a philosophical underpinning for dealing with risks associated with engineering actions and designs, when there is insufficient applicable science."-Dendy Sloan, Chemical Engineering Education, Volume 38, Numer 3, Summer 2004 "Koen illuminates a path to greater understanding. His prose is very engaging and the book is well suited for general audiences. It is one of those book that begs to be read and re-read." --Michael Murphy, Toronto, Canada "The book touches on so many topics that it is hard to imagine philosophers, mathematicians, linguists, physicists, and scientists of all stripes not having an opinion about it." --Julio M. Otto, Nature "I found the book to be incredible. I am amazed I didn't even know what engineering is until now." --Howard Duhon, P.E., Chief Process Engineer and Decision Analyst, Gibson Applied Technology and Engineering, LLC "A profound agglomeration of philosophy, mathematics, eastern mysticism, and very practical engineering." --H. Felix Kloman, GARP "Professor Koen's book suggests a startling, explicit statement of a new way to think about engineering and life.If we, as educators, wish to prepare our students for engineering practice, the techniques indicated in this book provide a philosophical underpinning for dealing with risks associated with engineering actions and designs, when there is insufficient applicable science."--Chemical Engineering Education, Volume 38, Numer 3, Summer 2004 "The best description of engineering that I have ever seen, and one of the most provocative hypotheses about science and nature that I have ever seen!"--Dr. William A. Wulf, President, National Academy of Engineering "...should be required reading in science and engineering departments."--Julio M. Ottino, Northwestern University