* Preface * Abbreviations * Introduction: Then and Now From Epiphany to Episode: A Revolution in the Description of Dreams * Epiphany or Messenger Dreams * Definition and Origin of the Epiphany Dream * Varieties of the Epiphany Dream * Distinguishing the Epiphany Dream from the Modern Dream * Other Kinds of Greek and Roman Dream Reports * The Force of Convention * Actual Epiphany Dreams? * The Epiphany Dream in DangerGalen and Aelius Aristides * Late-antique Stimuli * Epiphany Dreams in the Middle Ages * The Early-Modern Demise * Explaining the Change Greek and Roman Dreams That Were Really Dreamt * Is this Tale Tall? * An Essential Question * The Matter of Authenticity * The Problem of Memory * Dream-like Dreams * Mendacious Historians and Biographers * Some Strong Candidates * Perpetua * Artemidorus * Constantine * Augustine ** Aelius Aristides * Writing Good Stories Greek and Roman Opinions about the Truthfulness of Dreams * What They Believed and What We Believe * Truth * Belief * The Interpreters * Metaphors * The Greeks before the Sophists * Fifth-century Athens * Ordinary and Extraordinary Athenians in the Fourth Century * Plato and Aristotle * Hellenistic Impressions * Predictive Dreams in the Context of Greek Divination * The Roman Republic down to Sulla * Lucretius, Cicero and the Late Republic * Incubation and the Doctors * Augustus to the Flavians * A Victory for Religion?100-250 AD * What Dreams Were Good for under the Roman Empire * Late Antiquity * A Conclusion Naturalistic Explanations * Introduction * The Origins of Naturalistic Thinking about Dreams * The Preplatonic Philosophers *'Hippocratic' Doctors * Back to Plato * Aristotle Uncertain * The Epicureans * Other Hellenistic Voices * The Reasons for a Failure * A Note on Galen * What Does a Swallow Mean? * A Complete Halt * Conclusions * Bibliography * Index * Illustrations
With dreams, Harris has come into a world of mirrors and uncertainties, where traditional boundaries between truth and fantasy, reality and fiction, reportage and invention have all but disappeared. I cannot think of any other ancient historian who would have dared to undertake a book like this. Its undoubted success is due as much to the clear thinking and crisp exposition of the author as to the vast erudition that underlies it. -- G. W. Bowersock In Dreams and Experience in Classical Antiquity, William Harris takes on the whole culture of ancient dreaming with characteristic wit and erudition, against a background of modern scientific, psychological and psychoanalytical theories. His wide learning gives him the ability to see the important intellectual contributions made by some ancient theorists even as he goes against the grain of contemporary thought. This is classic Harris. -- Mary Beard
William V. Harris is Shepherd Professor of History at Columbia University and Director of the Center for the Ancient Mediterranean.
The 5th century BC Greek philosopher Empedocles famously proposed that dreams dealt with "the day's residue." In his wonderful Dreams and Experience in Classical Antiquity, W. V. Harris describes the ancient world's fascination with the phenomenon. -- Peter Jones Evening Standard 20091119