List of Figures and Tables xi Preface and Acknowledgments xiii Source Acknowledgments xxii About the Editors xxviii About the Contributors xxx Matrix of Drugs Addressed xliii Part I: Perspectives on Drug Use 1 History and Theory 1. Harvey A. Siegal and James A. Inciardi: A Brief History of Alcohol 4 2. David F. Musto: The American Disease: Narcotics in Nineteenth-Century America 9 3. James A. Inciardi and Theodore J. Cicero: Black Beauties, Gorilla Pills, Footballs, and Hillbilly Heroin: Prescription Drug Abuse over the Past 40 Years 18 4. Norman E. Zinberg and Wayne M. Harding: Control and Intoxicant Use: A Theoretical and Practical Overview 24 Drug Scares and Moral Panics 5. Joseph R. Gusfield: Symbolic Crusade: Status Politics and the American Temperance Movement 33 6. Craig Reinarman: The Social Construction of Drug Scares 40 7. Justin L. Tuggle and Malcolm D. Holmes: Blowing Smoke: Status Politics and the Smoking Ban 48 8. Dale D. Chitwood, Sheigla Murphy, and Marsha Rosenbaum: Reflections on the Meaning of Drug Epidemics 55 Part II: Social Correlates of Drug Use 61 Race/Ethnicity 9. Todd G. Pierce: Gen-X Junkie: Young White Heroin Users in Washington, DC 64 10. Avelardo Valdez, Kathryn Nowotny, and Alice Cepeda: The Intersection of Drug Use and Crime over the Life Course of Mexican-American Former Gang Members 72 11. Philippe Bourgois and Jeff Schonberg: Righteous Dopefi end 80 12. Karen A. Joe Laidler: The Lives and Times of Asian-Pacific American Women Methamphetamine Users 87 13. Paul Spicer: Toward a (Dys)functional Anthropology of Drinking: Ambivalence and the American Indian Experience with Alcohol 94 Social Class 14. Eloise Dunlap, Andrew Golub, and Bruce D. Johnson: The Severely Distressed African American Family in the Crack Era: Empowerment Is Not Enough 102 15. Matthew Petrocelli, Trish Oberweis, and Joseph Petrocelli: Getting Huge, Getting Ripped: An Exploration of Recreational Steroid Use 112 16. Dean A. Dabney and Richard C. Hollinger: Drugged Druggists: The Convergence of Two Criminal Career Trajectories 120 17. A. Rafi k Mohamed and Erik D. Fritsvold: Why Rich Kids Sell Street Drugs: Wankstaz, Wannabes, and Capitalists in Training 131 Gender 18. Katherine Sirles Vecitis: Drugs and Eating Disorders: Women s Instrumental Drug Use for Weight Control 141 19. Robert L. Peralta: College Alcohol Use and the Embodiment of Hegemonic Masculinity among European American Men 152 20. Monica Hardesty and Timothy Black: Mothering Through Addiction: A Survival Strategy among Puerto Rican Addicts 161 Youth and Aging 21. Patricia A. Adler and Peter Adler: Tinydopers: A Case Study of Deviant Socialization 174 22. Meika Loe and Leigh Cuttino: Grappling with the Medicated Self: The Case of ADHD College Students 184 23. Tammy L. Anderson and Judith A. Levy: Marginality among Older Injectors in Today s Illicit Drug Culture: Assessing the Impact of Ageing 193 24. Miriam Williams Boeri, Claire E. Sterk, and Kirk W. Elifson: Baby Boomer Drug Users: Career Phases, Identity, Self-Concept, and Social Control 203 Part III: Drug Lifestyles 213 Managing Drug Use 25. Brian C. Kelly: Club Drug Use and Risk Management among Bridge and Tunnel Youth 215 26. Rene D. Drumm, Duane C. McBride, Lisa Metsch, Melodie Neufeld, and Alex Sawatsky: I m a Health Nut! Street Drug Users Accounts of Self-Care Strategies 224 27. Jose A. Bauermeister: Latino Gay Men s Drug Functionality 231 28. Wendy Chapkis: Cannabis, Consciousness, and Healing 240 29. Patricia A. Adler: The Dealing Lifestyle 249 The Economics of Drugs 30. Lisa Maher and Kathleen Daly: Women in the Street-Level Drug Economy: Continuity or Change? 257 31. Steven D. Levitt and Sudhir Alladi Venkatesh: An Economic Analysis of a Drug-Selling Gang s Finances 266 Crime and Violence 32. Paul J. Goldstein: The Drugs/Violence Nexus: A Tripartite Conceptual Framework 277 33. Bruce A. Jacobs, Volkan Topalli, and Richard Wright: Managing Retaliation: Drug Robbery and Informal Sanction Threats 285 34. Stephanie Brophy: Mexico: Cartels, Corruption, and Cocaine: A Profi le of the Gulf Cartel 295 35. Peter Reuter: Systemic Violence in Drug Markets 305 Part IV: Societal Response to Drug Use 313 Education 36. Earl Wysong and David W. Wright: A Decade of DARE: Efficacy, Politics and Drug Education 316 37. Marsha Rosenbaum: Safety First: A Reality-Based Approach to Teens, Drugs, and Drug Education 327 Treatment 38. George De Leon: The Therapeutic Community: Perspective and Approach 336 39. Lee Garth Vigilant: Illness Narratives of Recovering on Methadone Maintenance 344 40. Robert Granfi eld and William Cloud: The Elephant that No One Sees: Natural Recovery among Middle-Class Addicts 351 41. James L. Nolan, Jr: Drug Treatment Courts and the Disease Paradigm 359 Policy 42. Stanton Peele: Reducing Harms from Youth Drinking 370 43. Duane C. McBride, Yvonne Terry-McElrath, Henrick Harwood, James A. Inciardi, and Carl Leukefeld: Refl ections on Drug Policy 378 44. Ethan Nadelmann: Think Again: Drugs 386 45. Harry G. Levine: The Secret of Global Drug Prohibition: Its Uses and Crises 391 Index 400
Patricia A. Adler is Professor of Sociology at theUniversity of Colorado, Boulder. Her areas of interest are deviantbehavior, social psychology, and qualitative methods. Her classicbook, Wheeling and Dealing (1993), was one of the firstexplorations of upper-level drug dealers and smugglers. Peter Adler is Professor of Sociology at the Universityof Denver. His areas of interest are sociology of drugs, sociologyof sport, and symbolic interactionism. Along with Patricia, he haswritten many books, including Backboards & Blackboards(1991), Peer Power (1998), Paradise Laborers(2004), and The Tender Cut (2011). Together, the Adlers were honored with the 2010 George HerbertMead Award for Lifetime Achievement by the Society for the Study ofSymbolic Interaction. Patrick K. O'Brien is a doctoral candidatein Sociology atthe University of Colorado, Boulder. In 2010, O'Brien won theOutstanding Graduate Student Paper from the Drinking and DrugsDivision of the Society for the Study of Social Problems.