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Early Christianity


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Each chapter ends with Further Reading (both Ancient Sources and Modern Works). Preface: Abbreviations and Signs: Chapter 1: Jesus Non-Christian Sources about Jesus Christian Sources about Jesus Word-of-Mouth Good News: Written Good News: The Synoptic Problem: Mark and Matthew on Christology: Mark and Matthew on the Disciples: Jesus PART I: THE CONTEXTS OF EARLY CHRISTIANITY Timeline for First-Century Christianity Chapter 2: The Jewish Context of the Jesus Movement The Jews and Hellenization The Temple Synagogues Ordinary Judaism in Palestine Sects and Parties: Diaspora ("Dispersion') Proselytes and God-Fearers: Roman Rule and the Jews The Jewish War of 66-73: The Jewish War of 132-135: Chapter 3: The Greek and Roman Context of Early Christianity Official Cults Voluntary Cults Rebirth at Eleusis: The Cult of Mithras: The Cult of Isis: The Cult of the Great Mother: Astrology, Oracles, Magicians: Philosophies Chapter 4: The Jesus Movement in the First Century Jewish Christianity Jewish Christians and Gentile Converts: Jewish Christians and the Jewish Rebellions: Later Jewish Christianities: Gentile Christianities Paul and Gentile Christians: Paul the Missionary: Paul the Theologian: PART II: CHRISTIANITY IN THE SECOND AND THIRD CENTURIES Timeline for the Second and Third Centuries A Note on Naming Christian Groups Chapter 5: Christian Diversity in the Second and Third Centuries Gnostic Christianities: Marcionite Christianity: Chapter 6: The Emergence of a Proto-Orthodox Christian Consensus: Bishop, Creed, and Canon of Scripture One Bishop, Elders, and Deacons/Deaconesses Creeds and Rules of Faith The Canon of Scripture A Case Study: The New Prophecy Chapter 7: Roman Society and the Christians Roman Law and the Christians The "Crowd" and the Christians The First Phase of Persecution (about 29-about 250) Nero and the Christians: Pliny and the Christians: Persecution at Lyons and Vienne: The Second Phase of Persecution (250-260) The Emperor Decius (249-251): The Emperor Valerian (253-260): Chapter 8: Christian Intellectuals Justin Martyr (about 100-about 165) Origen (about 185-251) Origen and the Scriptures: Origen the Theologian: Chapter 9: Proto-Orthodox Christian Communities in the Third Century The Baptized Faithful The Catechumens ("Those under Instruction") Penitents, Apostates, Excommunicates Christian Buildings before Constantine Christian Art before Constantine Worship before Constantine Baptism: Eucharist: Ordination: Christian Customs: PART III: THE CREATION OF A CHRISTIAN EMPIRE Timeline of Later Christianity Chapter 10: Diocletian, the Great Persecution, and the Conversion of Constantine The Emperor Diocletian (Ruled 284-305) Constantine (Ruled 306-337) Chapter 11: The Christian Empire and the Imperial Church Julian the "Apostate" (361-363) The Dynasty of Theodosius I (379-455) Pagans in the Christian Empire: Christian Heretics in the Christian Empire: Jews in the Christian Empire: Chapter 12: The Government of the Church The Local Bishop The Bishops in Council The Apostolic Bishoprics The Bishop of Rome The Emperor The Eastern Empire: Continuity The Western Empire: Discontinuity Chapter 13: The Trinitarian Controversy Schisms The Origins of the Trinitarian Controversy The Holy Spirit: The Survival of Arianism Chapter 14: Jesus, the God/Man Nestorianism Monophysitism The Council of Chalcedon (451) PART IV: LIFE IN THE CHRISTIAN EMPIRE Timeline for Later Christianity Chapter 15: Worship and Piety in the Christian Empire Liturgy Church Buildings Christian Time: The Liturgical Calendar The Holy Dead Pilgrimage Chapter 16: The Ascetic Movement Anthony (about 251-356) Pachomius (290-345) Basil of Caesarea (about 339-379) Monasticism in the West Benedict of Nursia (about 480-about 545) Criticism of Ascetics The Impact of Asceticism Within Christianity A Case Study: Clergy, Laity and Sexual Activity Marriage of the Clergy before The Fourth Century: Marriage of the Clergy after The Fourth Century: Chapter 17: Fourth- and Fifth-Century Christian Thinkers Ambrose (339-397) Jerome (about 347-419) Gregory of Nyssa (between 331 and 340-about 395) Augustine of Hippo (354-430) Manichaeans: Donatists: Pelagius (about 350-about 425): Pagans: Chapter 18: Conversion and Christianization Conversion before the Fourth Century Conversion after Constantine Christianization after Constantine Conversion in Hard Times: The Eastern Empire The Western Empire The Conversion of the Franks Conversion outside the Empire's Borders: Armenia Axum/Ethiopia Ireland Summary: Chapter 19: The Eastern and Western Churches Go Their Separate Ways Bishop Gregory of Tours (573-593/594) Pope Gregory I the Great (590-604) John the Almsgiver, Patriarch of Alexandria (610-about 619) Chapter 20: Epilogue: Muhammad and Islam Credits: Index:

About the Author

Joe R. Engle Designated Professor of the History of Christianity, Department of History, The Ohio State University


"A fine introduction to early Christianity...This is a valuable and ably executed introductory textbook."--Religious Studies Review

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