A comprehensive guide to understanding the crucial role estuaries play in the salmonid life cycle and what can be done to conserve - and recover - this important fish habitat.
Preface 1 Why a Focus on Salmonids in Estuaries? 2 What Salmonids and Estuaries to Consider 3 Salmonid's-Eye View of the Estuary: Physical, Chemical, and Geological Aspects 4 What Habitats are Used by Salmonids in Estuaries? 5 Global Distribution of Salmonid Species and Local Salmonid Diversity in Estuaries 6 How Have Salmonid Abundance and Distribution Been Assessed in Estuaries? 7 How Do Salmonids Behave in Estuary Habitat? 8 Salmonid Growth in the Estuary 9 Smolting and Osmoregulation 10 Habitat-Based Food Webs Supporting Salmonids in the Natural Estuary 11 Biotic Interactions in the Natural Estuary 12 How Have Habitat and Water Properties Changed for Salmonids in Estuaries? 13 Salmonid Survival in Estuaries 14 Effects of Habitat and Community Change on Fitness Components for Survival in the Disrupted Estuary 15 Harvesting and Production of Salmonids and Other Ecosystem Services Provided by the Estuary 16 Health of Salmonids in Estuaries 17 What Shapes an Estuary for Salmonids? 18 Future Considerations for Conservation of Salmonids in Estuaries 19 Conclusion Glossary; References; Index
Colin D. Levings is a scientist emeritus at the Department of Fisheries and Oceans' Centre for Aquaculture and Environmental Research in West Vancouver, British Columbia, and an adjunct faculty member of the Institute for Resources, Environment, and Sustainability at the University of British Columbia. He has published over 200 papers and reports in international journals and report series and has served as an associate editor or editorial advisor for Marine Ecology Progress Series, Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Estuaries, and Journal of Oceanography (Japan). He has been a member of Canadian fisheries delegations to Russia and Korea; has participated in international exchanges with Norwegian, Korean, and Japanese estuarine scientists; and served as a member of the Marine Environmental Quality Working Group of the North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES). He is a founding member and past president of the Pacific Estuarine Research Society, a member of the Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation, and a member of the American Fisheries Society.
I recommend that those studying estuaries consider purchasing this reasonably priced book. It provides a comprehensive review of what is known about salmonid estuaries, as well as recommendations for future work. -- Jim Irvine, Fisheries and Oceans Canada * NPAFC Newsletter No. 41, January 2017 * Colin Levings has distilled his vast knowledge from a lifetime of work on estuarine processes and salmonid ecology into a clear, concise and accessible book for a wide audience. -- Francis Juanes et. al * Fish and Fisheries * The book seamlessly transitions from descriptions of the different types of estuaries, based on their morphological composition and specific attributes, to the behaviour of several salmonid species including their interactions with other species within estuarian environments ... calling on a lifetime of estuarian studies, Levings details adaptations to field study techniques and strategies, and their limitations, employed in British Columbia and around the world. -- Bert Ionson * The Ormsby Review * ... there is much to be learned about both fish ecology and physical oceanography/limnology from this book, which will interest many readers, even those without any specific affinity for salmonids ... It is clear that Levings's long career dedicated to researching estuarine biology contributes greatly to the detail contained within the book ... potentially making it an important reference for early career salmonid researchers or others developing research agendas on the topic. -- Robert J. Lennox, Carleton University * Canadian Field-Naturalist * [Levings'] travels and consultation with colleagues enabled [him] to write a book that fills an important gap in the knowledge of estuarine ecology and suitability for the support of salmonid populations. Most large estuaries also serve as harbors for ship traffic and have huge human populations. These factors have affected the fishes to the point where many species have undergone drastic population decreases. This conservation problem is skillfully discussed by the author. In addition to its considerable scientific value, this handsome volume is well written and illustrated. It is a credit to the author and the University of British Columbia Press. Summing Up: Recommended -- J. C. Briggs, Oregon State University * CHOICE, April 2017 *