Introduction 1. Schooling Patterns 2. From Republicanism to Popular Instruction to Nationalism: Official Educational Ideas and Goals in Peru, 1821-1905 3. Teachers, Local Communities, and National Government 4. Inside Primary Schools: Curricula and Methods in the Lima Region, 1821-1905 5. The Realities of the Estado Docente: Educational Centralization from 1905 to c. 1921 Conclusions
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G. Antonio Espinoza is an Assistant Professor in the Department of History, Virginia Commonwealth University, USA.
"Espinoza places patrimonialism and patronage at the center of elite efforts to establish a state-run education system, and simultaneously demonstrates how trends in education reflected broader dynamics of Peruvian nation-building. The work's century-long time frame allows Espinoza to effectively trace the shaky transition from colonialism to independence, the vicissitudes of creating a modern society and economy, and the eventual stabilization of an industrializing nation in the twentieth century . . . This book is an important contribution to both the history of education in Latin America and to the history of early national Peru." - The American Historical Review
"In this carefully researched book, Antonio Espinoza takes advantage of the insights of the most recent literature on the history of education and on state formation to provide a splendid introduction to the foundational stages of the Peruvian educational system." - Hector Lindo-Fuentes, Associate Chair and Professor, Department of History, Fordham University, USA
"Based on extensive research and using a sophisticated conceptual framework, this impressive monograph successfully demonstrates the centrality of education within efforts at nation- and state-building in nineteenth-century Peru and the ambiguities that shaped its implementation in the context of a highly authoritarian and exclusionary society." - Carlos Aguirre, Professor, Department of History, Director, Latin American Studies Program, University of Oregon, USA