Adaptation to Darkness Adaptation to Low Food Adaptation to Low Oxygen in Groundwater Organisms Adaptive Shifts Anchialine Caves Anchialine Caves, Diversity in Bats Beetles Behavioral Adaptations in Cave Living Animals Breakdown Burnesville Cove, Virginia Camps Castleguard Cave Cave, Definition of Cave Dwellers in the Middle East Chemoautotrophy Clastic Sediments Closed Depressions Coastal Caves Contamination of Cave Waters by Heavy Metals Contamination of Cave Waters by Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids Cosmogenic Isotope Dating Crustacea Databases Dinaric Karst, Diversity in Diversity in Australia Diversity in Europe Diversity in the Tropics Diversity in the United States Early Humans in the Mammoth Cave Area Ecotones Entranceless Caves, Discovery of Entranceless Caves, Geophysics of Entrances Epikarst Epikarstic Communities Evolution of Lineages Exploration Fish Flooding Food Sources Friars Hole System, West Virginia Glacier Caves Guano Communities Gypsum Caves Gypsum Flowers Huautla System, Mexico Hydrogeology of Karst Aquifers Hydrothermal Caves Invasion, Active vs. Passive Jewel Cave, South Dakota Karren Karst Waters Tracing Kazumura Cave, Hawaii Krubera Cave Lechuguilla Cave, New Mexico Life History, Evolution Mammoth Cave System, Kentucky Mapping Subterranean Biodiversity Marine Regressions Maya Caves Microbes Minerals Modeling Karst Aquifers Molluscs Morphological Adaptations Multilevel Caves and Landscape Evolution Mulu Caves, Malaysia Myriapods Myth and Legend, Caves in Natural Selection Neutral Mutation Nitrate Contamination in Karst Ground Water Nullabor Caves, Australia Paleomagnetic Record in Cave Sediments Paleontology of Caves: Pleistocene Mammals Passage Growth and Development Passages Pits and Shafts Postojna-Planinska Cave System, Slovenia Population Structure Protecting Caves and Cave Life Recreational Caving Rescues Root Communities in Lava Tubes Salamanders Salpetre Mining Show Caves Siebenhengste Cave System, Switzerland Sinking Streams and Cave Systems Soil Piping and Sinkhole Failures Solution Caves in Regions of Moderate Relief Solutional Sculpturing Species Interactions Speleothems Speleothem Deposition Spiders & Related Groups Springs Stalactites and Stalagmites Sulfuric Acid Caves Ukrainian Caves Vertebrate Visitors Vicariance and Dispersalist Biogeography Volcanic Caves Wakulla Spring Underwater Cave System, Florida Water Chemistry in Caves Worms
* Presents a cross-section of contemporary knowledge of caves ranging from biology, geology, and human uses to exploration techniques * Brings together 107 in-depth articles from respected international authors * Showcases hundreds of color and black & white photographs, maps, charts, and illustrations * Highlights many of the great caves of the world * Makes information easy to find with alphabetical listings, cross references, suggestions for further reading, plus a full glossary and index
William B. White received a B.S. degree in chemistry from Juniata College (Huntingdon, PA) in 1954. Following four years at Mellon Institute in Pittsburgh, he entered Penn State and received a Ph.D. in geochemistry in 1962. In 1963, he joined the Penn State faculty, rising to full professor in 1972. White's research interests cover a wide range of topics in geosciences and materials science including crystal chemistry, infrared and Raman spectroscopy, mineral physics, and aqueous geochemistry as well as extensive research on the hydrogeology and geomorphology of caves and karstic terrains. At Penn State he taught an undergraduate course on the Geology of Caves and Karst for many years. His research work has resulted in nearly 400 technical papers. He is author or editor of seven books including the widely used textbook Hydrology and Geomorphology of Karst Terrains.
"...aimed at a broad span of topics, inlcuding some like caves in myths, show caves, Mayan caves and saltpetre mining...If there is any bias it might be towards cave biology, which is no bad thing as this is an area where infomration is not easily available." -John Goodier, in REFERENCE REVIEWS, VOL. 19, 2005 "...an excellent addition to the very limited currently available literature on caves and karst." -Andy Baker, Department of Geography, University of Birmingham, in JOURNAL OF QUATERNARY SCIENCE, 2005 "Truly international in both geography and contributors, this encyclopedia is...the perfect assemblage of 15- to 20-minute intellectual diversions." - AMERICAN SCIENTIST "Caves, caves and more caves! This book is for anyone and everyone with an interest in caves..." - Journal of Sedimentary Research "...[the Encyclopedia] will serve as the most comprehensive state of the art reference in the multidisciplinary field of subterranean sciences." - Peter Trontelj, Univ. of Ljubljana, Slovenia "...an exciting and significant contribution to the field...an excellent and very readable reference on many aspects of caves and karst." - Malcolm S. Field, Editor, Journal of Cave and Karst Studies "This volume is a must for karst researchers, cave enthusiasts, teachers, and developers." - Philip LaMoreaux, Editor-in-Chief, Environmental Geology and Water Science, from the Foreword "Encyclopedia of Caves will be one of the landmarks for the sciences of cave studies from now and for many years onward." - Giuseppe Messana, CNR - Institute of Ecosystem Study , Firenze, Italy "The editors are to be commended for bringing together such a wealth of useful and interesting material in a single reference volume and for its appealing presentation." - Russell S. Harmon, Adjunct Associate Professor, North Carolina State University