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Errors in Language Learning and Use

This is an introduction and guide to the study of errors in language, which presents a critical survey of previous work. It seeks to clarify such questions as: does correctness matter?; and is it more important to speak fluently and write imaginatively or to communicate one's message? Other questions addressed include whether "good" English for the native speaker is also good for the foreign learner. The reader is led from definitions of error and related concepts, to categorization of types of linguistic deviance discussion of error gravities, the utility of teacher correction and towards writing learner profiles.
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Table of Contents

General editor's preface Author's preface Abbreviations 1. Definition and Delimitation Human error Successive paradigms Interlanguage and the veto on comparison Learners and native speakers The heyday of Error Analysis Mounting criticism of Error Analysis Data collection for Error Analysis 2. The Scope of Error Analysis Good English for the English Good English for the L2 learner The native speaker and the power dimension The Incompleteness hypothesis 3. Defining 'Error' Ignorance Measures of deviance Other Dimensions of Error: Error and Mistake Error: Mistake and Acquisition: Learning - An Equation? Lapsology 4. The Description of Errors Error detection Describing errors Error Classification Error Taxonomies Counting errors Profiling and Error Analysis Computerized Corpora of Errors: ICLE - COALA 5. Levels of Error Medium errors Text errors Lexical errors Classifying Lexical errors Grammar errors Discourse errors 6. Diagnosong Error Description and diagnosis Ignorance and avoidance Mother tongue influence: Interlingual errors Target language causes: Intralingual errors Learning-strategy based errors Communication strategy based errors Induced errors Compound and ambiguous errors 7. Error Gravity and Error Evaluation Evaluation Criteria for error gravity 8. Error Correction What is correction? Whether to correct: pros and cons How to do error correction: some options and principles Noticing error 9. A Case Study Elicitation and registration Error identification Categorizing the errors Status: error or mistake? Diagnosis Bibliography Index

About the Author

The book is written by Carl James, Senior Lecturer in the Linguistics Department at the University of Wales, Bangor, who is author of Contrastive Analysis and co-editor of Language Awareness in the Classroom, also published in this series. The book is suitable for students of Applied Linguistics, Educational Linguistics, teachers of English as a Foreign Language and teachers of Modern Languages.

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