List of Examples Introduction to the Ethnographer's Toolkit 1-Ethics and Ethnography Introduction What Are Ethics? What Are Research Ethics? Ethics in Social Science Research What Is a Human Subject? Ethics and Epistemology: Do Ethnographers Face Greater Ethical Challenges Than Other Types of Researchers? Confronting the Stereotype of Scientific Neutrality Formal Research Ethics and Everyday Research Ethics Summary 2-The Evolution of Formal Concerns about and Ethical Principles Governing Human Research The Origins of Formal Oversight Medical Research and Risk to Human Subjects Social Science Research and Risks to Human Subjects Disciplinary Codes of Ethics and the Problems of Enforcement The Belmont Report 1978 The Belmont Principles Summary 3-Formal and Semiformal Responsibilities Introduction Semiformal Responsibilities Formal Contractual Responsibilities When Is IRB or IEC Approval Necessary? Issues of Particular Concern to IRBs and IECs Levels of Review Components of an IRB Proposal The Power of Institutional Review Boards and Institutional Ethics Committees Coping with Multiple IRBs Summary 4-Informal Ethics: The Implications of Researcher Roles and Characteristics Introduction The Embedded Contexts and Multiple Roles of Ethnographic Work Being a Learner Creating a Field Identity Coping with Relationships in the Field: Personal Characteristics, Asymmetrical Relationships, and Positionality Personal Friendships in the Field Summary 5-Informal Ethics: Long-Term Relationships and Reasonable Responsibilities Introduction: Feasible and Possible Responsibilities Coping with Associations in the Field: Affiliations and Sponsorships Maintaining Good Relationships Coresearchers and Research Partners Negotiating an Exit and Leaving the Field Reciprocity and Feedback Dissemination and Disposition of Data Assuring Program Continuation Summary 6-Ethical Issues in Ethnographic Teamwork and Community-Based Research Introduction Ethical Considerations in Intrateam Interactions Ethical Considerations in Team Interaction with Study Communities/Sites and Participants Protecting the Study Community Summary 7- Going Beyond Belmont: New Issues and Challenges Introduction Challenges to IRB "Surveillance" and Control Contesting Western Epistemological and Ontological Hegemony Redefining Key Terms in the Twenty-First Century Obtaining Consent Exposure to Risks and New Forms of Vulnerability Technology and Retrievability of Information Ethics and the Consequences of Interpretation Summary 8-The Role of Reflection in Ethnographic Research Introduction: What Is Reflection? Identifying Subjectivities Positionality and Power The Risks of the "Other" Taking Stock Summary Appendix A: IRB Proposals Appendix B: Consent Forms and Assent Forms References Index About the Authors
Margaret D. LeCompte is professor emerita of education and sociology at the University of Colorado, Boulder. Jean J. Schensul is founding director and senior scientist at the Institute for Community Research, Hartford, Connecticut.
I highly recommend this book for the introductory-level classroom, but it is also great for professionals. The sample cases throughout the book are especially useful for instruction. Overall, the second edition of the Ethnographer's Toolkit is perfectly titled for the basic skills it outlines for the novice researcher, as well as providing an appropriate checklist for the more experienced researcher, whether an anthropologist or other professional using ethnography as a major research tool. -- Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban, Rhode Island College; author of Ethics and Anthropology