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Geminos's Introduction to the Phenomena
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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations ix List of Tables xiii Preface xv INTRODUCTION 1 1. Significance of Geminos's Introduction to the Phenomena 2 2. Geminos's Other Works 3 3. On "The Phenomena" in Greek Astronomy 4 4. The Greek Genre of Astronomical Surveys 8 5. Geminos's Sources for His Introduction 12 6. Geminos's Country and Date 15 7. Geminos and the Stoics 23 8. Geminos on Astronomical Instruments and Models 27 9. Geminos on Mathematical Genres 43 10. Reality and Representation in Greek Astronomy 49 11. Heliacal Risings and Settings 58 12. Astronomical Applications of Arithmetic Progressions 73 13. Lunar and Lunisolar Cycles 82 14. On the Text and Translation 101 Introduction to the Phenomena: TRANSLATION AND COMMENTARY I. On the Circle of the Signs 113 II. Aspects of the Zodiacal Signs 125 III. On the Constellations 137 Geminos's Stars and Constellations: A Supplement to Chapter III 140 IV. On the Axis and the Poles 146 V. The Circles on the Sphere 149 VI. On Day and Night 161 VII. On the Risings of the 12 Signs 169 VIII. On Months 175 IX. On Phases of the Moon 186 X. On the Eclipse of the Sun 189 XI. On the Eclipse of the Moon 191 XII. That the Planets Make the Movement Opposite to That of the Cosmos 195 XIII. On Risings and Settings 200 XIV. On the Paths of the Fixed Stars 205 XV. Concerning the Zones on Earth 208 XVI. On Geographical Regions 210 XVII. On Weather Signs from the Stars 217 XVIII. On the Exeligmos 227 Parapegma 231 FRAGMENTS 1 AND 2, FROM GEMINOS'S OTHER WORKS Fragment 1. From Geminos's Philokalia: Geminos on the Classification of the Mathematical Sciences 243 Fragment 2. From Geminos's Concise Exposition of the Meteorology of Poseidonios: Geminos on the Relation of Astronomy to Physics 250 REFERENCE MATERIALS Appendix 1. Textual Notes to Geminos's Introduction to the Phenomena 257 Appendix 2. The Geminos Parapegma 275 Appendix 3. Glossary of Technical Terms in Geminos's Introduction to the Phenomena 291 Appendix 4. Index of Persons Mentioned by Geminos 301 Bibliography 303 Index 317

Promotional Information

Evans and Berggren have produced a work that should be on the shelves of all students and scholars interested in the history of early astronomy. Because of the appeal of Geminos's text, this translation will provide a very valuable resource for teaching the history of astronomy and cosmology, as well as early science more generally. The translation is clear, the scholarly apparatus authoritative, and the commentary will serve the needs and interests of a wide range of readers. -- Liba Taub, Director & Curator, Whipple Museum, and Reader, Department of History and Philosophy of Science, Cambridge University Evans and Berggren have provided both the specialist historian and the general scholar and reader with everything they might need to profit from the text. The introduction has a judicious discussion of the history of the book and its author, its place in the history of astronomy, its intended audience, and the general conceptual framework that it assumes. And the translators have done a splendid job of finding accurate English equivalents of the Greek terms and phrases. -- Alexander Jones, University of Toronto Everything about this book is excellent. The translation is a model of clarity and the notes to each section explain the text in detail, both technically and historically. The extensive introduction is, by itself, the most detailed account to date of many, perhaps most, of the subjects treated by Geminos. The book will be of use and interest to everyone curious about ancient science, from the student to the specialist. Evans and Berggren have done such an excellent job in every way, their knowledge of the subject is so complete, that I can only admire their work and recommend it as exemplary. -- Noel M. Swerdlow, University of Chicago

About the Author

James Evans is codirector of the Program in Science, Technology, and Society at the University of Puget Sound. J. Lennart Berggren is Professor of Mathematics at Simon Fraser University.

Reviews

"Evans and Berggren's book is an excellent translation and welcome commentary on Geminos's texts. The translation of the Introduction to the Phenomena is a much-needed resource for the study of Hellenistic astronomy, and the introduction, commentary, and appendices the authors provide make the book a useful educational tool accessible to even the most elementary student of the history of astronomy."--Jacqueline Feke, Bryn Mawr Classical Review "On Geminos, nothing is known. But his text, now available in its entirety in English, thanks to Evans and Berggren, is a critical work for scholars of the history of astronomy and classical studies."--Choice "The Introduction is an important text that contributes greatly to our understanding of ancient astronomy... Evans and Rerggren have provided valuable discussions and illustrations of the relevant ancient instruments and tools, and the ways in which they were used in the practice of astronomy... Geminos' work is well worth reading, and classicists interested in ancient astronomy will find this book an indispensable resource."--Liba Taub, Classical World

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