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Home » Books » History » Military History » United States

The Generals

American Military Command from World War II to Today

By Thomas E. Ricks

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Format: Hardcover, 558 pages
Other Information: Illustrated
Published In: United States, 01 October 2012
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"From the #1 bestselling author of "Fiasco "and "The Gamble," an epic history of the decline of American military leadership from World War II to Iraq"
History has been kinder to the American generals of World War II--Marshall, Eisenhower, Patton, and Bradley--than to the generals of the wars that followed. Is this merely nostalgia? In "The Generals," Thomas E. Ricks answers the question definitively: No, it is not, in no small part because of a widening gulf between performance and accountability. During the Second World War, scores of American generals were relieved of command simply for not being good enough. Today, as one American colonel said bitterly during the Iraq War, "As matters stand now, a private who loses a rifle suffers far greater consequences than a general who loses a war."
In "The Generals "we meet great leaders and suspect ones, generals who rose to the occasion and those who failed themselves and their soldiers. Marshall and Eisenhower cast long shadows over this story, but it has no more inspiring single figure than Marine General O. P. Smith, whose fighting retreat from the Chinese onslaught into Korea in the winter of 1950 snatched a kind of victory from the jaws of annihilation. But Smith's courage and genius in the face of one of the grimmest scenarios the marines have faced in their history only cast the shortcomings of the people who put him there in sharper relief.
If Korea showed the first signs of culture that neither punished mediocrity nor particularly rewarded daring, the Vietnam War saw American military leadership bottom out. The My Lai massacre, Ricks shows us, is the emblematic event of this dark chapter of our history.
In the wake of Vietnam a battle for the soul of the U.S. Army was waged with impressive success. It became a transformed institution, reinvigorated from the bottom up. But if the body was highly toned, its head still suffered from familiar problems, resulting in tactically savvy but strategically obtuse leadership that would win battles but end wars badly from the first Iraq War of 1990 through to the present.
Thomas E. Ricks has made a close study of America's military leaders for three decades, and in his hands this story resounds with larger meaning: about the transmission of values, about strategic thinking, about the difference between an organization that learns and one that fails. Military history of the highest quality, "The Generals" is also essential reading for anyone with an interest in the difference between good leaders and bad ones.

About the Author

Thomas E. Ricksis an adviser on national security at theNew America Foundation, where he participates in its Future of War project. He was previously a fellow at the Center for a New American Security and is a contributing editor of "Foreign Policy" magazine, for which he writes the prizewinning blog "The Best Defense." Ricks covered the U.S. military for "The Washington Post" from 2000 through 2008. Until the end of 1999 he had the same beat at "The Wall Street Journal," where he was a reporter for seventeen years. A member of two Pulitzer Prize-winning teams, he covered U.S. military activities in Somalia, Haiti, Korea, Bosnia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Kuwait, Turkey, Afghanistan, and Iraq. He is the author of several books, including"The Gamble," and the number one "New York Times" bestseller "Fiasco," which was a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize."

Reviews

A "Washington Post" 2012 Notable Work of Nonfiction "Ricks shines, blending an impressive level of research with expert storytelling."" The Weekly Standard" "[A] savvy study of leadership. Combining lucid historical analysis, acid-etched portraits of generals from 'troublesome blowhard' Douglas MacArthur to 'two-time loser' Tommy Franks, and shrewd postmortems of military failures and pointless slaughters such as My Lai, the author demonstrates how everything from strategic doctrine to personnel policies create a mediocre, rigid, morally derelict army leadership... Ricks presents an incisive, hard-hitting corrective to unthinking veneration of American military prowess." "Publisher's Weekly "(Starred Review) "Informed readers, especially military buffs, will appreciate this provocative, blistering critique of a system where accountability appears to have gone missing - like the author's 2006 bestseller, "Fiasco," this book is bound to cause heartburn in the Pentagon." "Kirkus" "Entertaining, provocative and important." " The Wilson Quarterly " This is a brilliant book deeply researched, very well-written and outspoken. Ricks pulls no punches in naming names as he cites serious failures of leadership, even as we were winning World War II, and failures that led to serious problems in later wars. And he calls for rethinking the concept of generalship in the Army of the future. William J. Perry, 19th U.S. Secretary of Defense Thomas E. Ricks has written a definitive and comprehensive story of American generalship from the battlefields of World War II to the recent war in Iraq. "The Generals" candidly reveals their triumphs and failures, and offers a prognosis of what can be done to ensure success by our future leaders in the volatile world of the twenty-first century. Carlo D Este, author of "Patton: A Genius for War" Tom Ricks has written another provocative and superbly researched book that addresses a critical issue, generalship. After each period of conflict in our history, the quality and performance of our senior military leaders comes under serious scrutiny. "The Generals" will be a definitive and controversial work that will spark the debate, once again, regarding how we make and choose our top military leaders. Anthony C. Zinni, General USMC (Ret.) "The Generals" is insightful, well written and thought-provoking. Using General George C. Marshall as the gold standard, it is replete with examples of good and bad generalship in the postwar years. Too often a bureaucratic culture in those years failed to connect performance with consequences. This gave rise to many mediocre and poor senior leaders. Seldom have any of them ever been held accountable for their failures. This book justifiably calls for a return to the strict, demanding and successful Marshall prescription for generalship. It is a reminder that the lives of soldiers are more important than the careers of officers and that winning wars is more important than either. Bernard E. Trainor, Lt. Gen. USMC (Ret.); author of "The Generals War" "The Generals" rips up the definition of professionalism in which the US Army has clothed itself. Tom Ricks shows that it has lost the habit of sacking those who cannot meet the challenge of war, leaving it to Presidents to do so. His devastating analysis explains much that is wrong in US civil-military relations. America s allies, who have looked to emulate too slavishly the world s pre-eminent military power, should also take heed. Hew Strachan, Chichele Professor of the History of War, University of Oxford"

EAN: 9781594204043
ISBN: 1594204047
Publisher: Penguin Press
Dimensions: 23.88 x 15.49 x 5.33 centimetres (0.91 kg)
Age Range: 15+ years
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