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Home » Books » Science » Biology » Genetics & Genomics

Genomic Imprinting

Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology

By Jon F. Wilkins (Edited by)

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Format: Paperback, 126 pages, 1st ed. Softcover of Edition
Other Information: 16 black & white illustrations, 1 colour illustrations, 7 black & white tables, biography
Published In: United States, 01 November 2010
The goal of this book is neither to provide a basic introduction to imprinting, nor to provide a comprehensive survey of the current state of the field. Rather, the book covers more recent advances, drawing attention to the emerging subtleties and complexities associated with imprinted genes. Genomic imprinting refers to a recently discovered phenomenon in which the expression pattern of an allele depends on whether that allele was inherited from the mother or the father.

Table of Contents

CONTENTS 1. DNA Methylation Reprograming in the Germ Line....... 1 Diane J. Lees-Murdock and Colum P. Walsh Introduction.......................................................................................................................... 1 Methylation of Repeats and Genome Stability................................................................... 3 Demethylation in the Germ Line......................................................................................... 3 De Novo Methylation in the Developing Gametes............................................................. 8 Fate of Methylation Differences Inherited from the Gametes in the Early Embryo.... 10 Methylation Enforces Transcriptional Silencing and Suppresses Recombination....... 11 Repeats Attract Methylation, while Transcription Factors Block It.............................. 12 Conclusions......................................................................................................................... 12 2. Control of Imprinting at the Gnas Cluster........................ 16 Jo Peters and Christine M. Williamson Background........................................................................................................................ 16 Extent of the Region............................................................................................................ 17 Transcripts at the Gnas Locus........................................................................................... 18 Proteins Encoded at the Gnas Complex Locus................................................................. 18 Function of Proteins Encoded at the Gnas Locus............................................................ 18 Imprinting Centers............................................................................................................. 19 The Exon 1A DMR Controls the Expression of Gnas...................................................... 21 The Nespas DMR is the Principal ICR in the Gnas Cluster........................................... 21 Interaction between the Nespas DMR and the Exon 1A DMR....................................... 22 The Role of Nespas.............................................................................................................. 23 The Role of the Exon 1A DMR.......................................................................................... 23 Conclusions......................................................................................................................... 24 3. The GNAS locus and Pseudohypoparat hyroidism............. 27 Murat Bastepe Introduction........................................................................................................................ 27 Inactivating Gsa mutations and multiple hormone resistance: PHP-Ia..................... 29 Role of tissue- and parental origin-specific Gsa expression in hormone resistance............................................................................................... 30 Mutations affecting the imprinting control regions of GNAS and PTH-resistance: PHP-Ib.................................................................................... 32 Conclusion.......................................................................................................................... 36 xvi Contents 4. Imprinted Genes, Postnatal Adaptations and Enduring Effects on Energy Homeostasis ....... 41 Margalida Frontera, Benjamin Dickins, Antonius Plagge and Gavin Kelsey Introduction........................................................................................................................ 41 Imprinted Gene Syndromes and Obesi

EAN: 9781441926586
ISBN: 1441926585
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Dimensions: 24.8 x 16.5 x 0.8 centimetres (0.28 kg)
Age Range: 15+ years
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