I: Introduction: Alternative Understandings of Mental Health. 1. The Sociology of Mental Health: Surveying the Field; C.S. Aneshensel, J.C. Phelan. 2. Mental Illness in a Multicultural Context; P. Agbayani-Siewert, et al. 3. Mental Illness as Psychiatric Disorder; M. Livingstone Bruce. 4. The Sociological Study of Mental Illness: A Critique and Synthesis of Four Perspectives; A.V. Horwitz. II: Observing Mental Health in the Community. 5. Issues in Mental Health Assessment; G.E. Switzer, et al. 6. Analysing Associations between Mental Health and Social Circumstances; J. Mirowsky. III: The Social Distribution of Mental Illness. 7. Overview of Descriptive Epidemiology of Mental Disorders; R.C. Kessler, S. Zhao. 8. Social Class; Y. Yu, D.R. Williams. 9. Race, Ethinicity and Culture in the Sociology of Mental Health; T.N. Brown, et al. 10. Mental Disorder in Late Life: Exploring the Influence of Stress and Socioeconomic Status; N. Krause. 11. Splitting the Difference: Gender, the Self, and Mental Health; S. Rosenfield. 12. Family Status and Mental Health; D. Umberson, K. Williams. 13. Work and Mental Health; M. Tausig. IV: Social Antecedents of Mental Illness. 14. Social Stress; B. Wheaton. 15. Social Integration and Support; R.J. Turner, J.B. Turner. 16. Social Stratification and Inequality; J.D. McLeod, J.M. Nonnemaker. 17. Self, Identity, Stress, and Mental Health; P.A. Thoits. 18. The Sense of Personal Control: Social-Cultural Causes and Emotional Consequences; C.E. Ross, J. Sastry. 19. The Stress Process Revisited: Reflections on Concepts and Their Interrelationships; L.I. Pearlin. 20. Social Transmission in Acute Somatoform Epidemics; W.W. Eaton. V: Social Consequences of Mental Illness. 21. The Social Dynamics of Responding to Mental Health Problems: Past, Present, and Future Challenges to Understanding Individuals' Use of Services; B.A. Pescosolido, et al. 22. Mental Health Services and Systems; M.F. Polgar, J.P. Morrissey. 23. Labeling and Stigma; B.G. Link, J.C. Phelan. 24. Impact of Mental Illness on the Family; W.R. Avison. VI: Institutional Contexts of Mental Illness. 25. Mental Hospitals and Deinstitutionalization; G.W. Dowdall. 26. Instituting Madness: The Evolution of a Federal Agency; S.A. Kirk. VII: Social Continuities. 27. Life Course Perspectives on Mental Health; L.K. George. 28. Mental Illness as a Career: Sociological Perspectives; C.S. Aneshensel. Index.