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Higher Education and Equality of Opportunity

The movement to broaden access to public universities, the dominant strategy during the 1970s and 1980s, has largely shifted to enable the marketplace, rather than the government, to shape the contours of higher education. Government funding is being reduced, affirmative action and other programs designed to insure broader access are in decline and personal fulfillment is replacing a public good designed to insure greater equality of opportunities. This book explores the impact of diminishing government resources and expanding market forces in developing and developed countries to either foster or lessen equality of opportunities in higher education for different racial, ethnic, religious and gender groupings. What are the consequences of a market-driven higher education for student access, teaching and scholarship? Through case studies, this book explores issues such as access of minority groups within the larger societies, the place of foreign students in a national system, and access for students with mental health difficulties, and evaluates the success of funding schemes designed to expand opportunities and access. The research provides an interesting contrast of the diversity and uniqueness of higher education in the United States, France, Australia, India, Israel, South Korea, The Netherlands, Ghana and several other countries, while at the same time revealing surprising commonalities. These studies reveal world-wide trends in higher education including a cutback in government financing, a decline in access, and a receding of affirmative action. This book is an important addition to the literature on higher education during the age of globalization and the decline of government funding of higher education. The studies provide important data about the current situation in higher education in countries around the world.
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Table of Contents

Chapter 1 1.Introduction: Higher Education and Equality of Opportunity Chapter 2 2.The Earth is Flattening: The Globalization of Higher Education and its Implications for Equal Opportunity Part 3 One: America Chapter 4 3.Challenges and Opportunities of Community Colleges Chapter 5 4.Minority Access to Higher Education in the United States and the White-Minority Credentials Gap Chapter 6 5.Prestige and Quality in American Colleges and Universities Chapter 7 6.From Open Admissions to the Honors College: Equal Opportunities at the City University of New York Chapter 8 7.The Changing American College Experience: A View from the City University of New York, Hunter College Part 9 Two: Asia, The Middle East and Africa Chapter 10 8.Promoting Access of the Poor through Student Loans in Asia: Prerequisites for Success Chapter 11 9.The Quest for World-Class Status: Globalization and Higher Education in East Asia Chapter 12 10. The Korean Passage to Tertiary Education for All: Over-Privatization Chapter 13 11.Disparities in Access to Higher Education in India: Persistent Issues and the Changing Context Chapter 14 12.Educational Policy toward "Homeland Minorities" in Deeply Divided Societies: India and Israel Chapter 15 13.Improving Access to Higher Education for Students from Low Socio-Economic Backgrounds in Israel Chapter 16 14.Higher Education in Africa: Challenges of Development and Gender Chapter 17 15.Development of Corporate and Private Universities in Ghana: Effects on Curriculum, Faculty, Access and Equity Part 18 Three: Europe and Oceana Chapter 19 16.Access to Higher Education in France: Between Equality of Rights and Meritocracy, a Long Walk to Equality of Opportunities? Chapter 20 17.Equal Opportunity in a Public System: Experiences of Ethnic Minority Students in Dutch Higher Education Chapter 21 18.Access to Higher Education for Students with Mental Health difficulties: An Equal Opportunities Issue Chapter 22 19.Altruism and Avarice: The Place of Foreign Students in Australian Universities Chapter 23 20.A Dual Admission Policy: Enhancing Equal Opportunities in Higher Education in New Zealand through Merit-based Admission Policy

About the Author

Fred A. Lazin is the Lynn & Lloyd Hurst Family Professor of Local Government and chair of the Department of Politics and Government at Ben Gurion University. N. Jayaram is professor of social sciences at the Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai. Matt Evans is assistant professor of political science at Penn State, Altoona.


Succinct and immensely readable, this is required reading for university leaders. Examples from a dozen lands illustrate the altruism and the avarice characterizing expansion of global education. No recent title covers the waterfront as well as this study does. Tussling with strangled budgets and unremitting admissions pressure, we need the insights offered here with wit and wisdom. Just occasionally we get a volume as good as this. -- Paul Rich, President, Policy Studies Organization This collection of twenty chapters, written by experts from various countries, offers an insightful and informative debate on higher education and equality of opportunities in the global economy. The authors employ diverse theoretical perspectives and mixed methodologies, both qualitative and qualitative, and the comparative aspects of their analysis add to the overall richness of discourses employed. What is indeed innovative is both the book's focus on current cross national dilemmas in higher education, and the comparative analysis of current developments in higher education globally. As such, this volume is a must-read and is warmly recommended to higher education analysts, policy makers, graduate students and the professoriate interested in globalisation and higher education reforms, equity, access, cultural and economic capital and social stratification of higher education. International Review of Education

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