Introduction 1. Then and Now 2. The Classical Roots: Farewell to the Socratic Method 3. The Classical Roots: Aristotle and Beyond 4. The Religious Roots: Priests and Rabbis 5. The Religions Roots: Medieval Intermezzo 6. The Birth of the University 7. The Age of Innovation 8. Learning the New Techniques 9. The Advent of Science 10. Science Develops Outside "Academia" 11. The Advent of Modern University. Appendix 1: Galileo and the Medici: Post-Renaissance Patronage or Post-Modern Historiography? Appendix 2: Kuhn, Meritocracy, and Excellence
Michael Segre is Professor of the History of Science at the Gabriele D'Annunzio University in Chieti. He is the author of numerous books and articles, including In the Wake of Galileo (1991) and Peano's Axioms in their Historical Context (1994).
"Beginning with ancient Near Eastern literate societies, he traces the history of education and learning through the European medieval, Renaissance, and early modern universities, Enlightenment technological schools and Humboldtian reform movements, arriving finally at contemporary American and European institutions that have expanded their reach worldwide. It is a breathtaking, prodigious survey of 3000 years of intellectual history." - Steven J. Livesey, History of Universities