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List of figures List of tables Prologue: history matters Acknowledgements THEORY Part 1 Perspectives Chapter 1: Proof, objectivity and causality History: science or art? The status of historical knowledge Evidence and interpretation Causes in history Chapter 2: Ordering of time Time, history, modernity Newton and the `time reckoner' Periodization The shape of things to come Part 2 Histories and Philosophies Chapter 3: Ideas of History; from the ancients to the Christians Herodotus and gold-digging ants Thucydides and reason: an historian for our times? What did the Romans ever do for history? Christianity and the end of days Chapter 4: From the Middle Ages to the Early Modern European Christendom and the age of Bede Peoples of the book: Jewish and Islamic conceptions of history Renaissance humanism and rediscovery of the classics The battle of books: Camden, Clarendon and English identity Chapter 5: Enlightenment and Romanticism The English Enlightenment? Secular histories Romanticism: Scott and Carlyle Chapter 6: The English Tradition Responses to the Enlightenment: Edmund Burke Constitutionalism and the Whig interpretation of history JH Plumb and the new Whigs Chapter 7: The North American Tradition America and the New Order of the Ages The progressive or new historians The consensus historians The other America Chapter 8: Histories of Revolutions; Revolutionary histories Paine and the radical tradition French and German Experiences Germany, Hegel and the Spirit of History Marx and `historical materialism' Marxism in the twentieth century Chapter 9: Postmodernism and Postcolonialism Modernity and the Enlightenment Postmodernism Postcolonialism and the West METHOD Part 3 Varieties Chapter 10: Political History Theories of the state High and low politics: the case of the British Labour Party Beyond state and party: political histories and civil society Chapter 11: Economic History Population and social change Economic historians and the big historical questions The business of business history Chapter 12: Social History The emergence of social history Class and authority The family in history Chapter 13: Cultural History What is cultural history? The national character The promise of cultural history: conflict and carnival Chapter 14: Feminism, Gender and Women's History Feminism and history The attack on class Gender and identity Chapter 15: Public History What is public about history? Consumption of public history Producing public history Public history as contested knowledge Chapter 16: Visual History Visual histories Ways of seeing: Paintings Ways of seeing: Prints and photographs Chapter 17: Global history The challenges of global history Origins of the global imagination Enter `new world history' Chapter 18: Environmental history The scope of environmental history Historic precedents European colonialism Modern environmentalism Part 4 History and Other Disciplines Chapter 19: Archaeology The lure of archaeology The theoretical turn: Collingwood and Childe Historical archaeology Jerusalem and its layers Chapter 20: Anthropology Pens and pith helmets Functionalism and structuralism Historical myths: Jewish conspiracies and the `blood libel' The `dying god': Captain Cook and ethnohistory Microhistories: worms, night battles and ecstasies Chapter 21: Literature Literature as history The new historicism: Text and context The graphic novel Writing the metropolis Chapter 22: Geography History, space and place Geographies of empire How to lie with maps PRACTICE Chapter 23: Archives in a Digital World What is an archive? `When we return as human beings again': archives and the ashes Speaking for ourselves: state and community archives Archives and the digital turn Chapter 24: Oral History Anthropologists of ourselves Oral historiographies The limits of memory: Arthur Harding and the East End underworld The wider experience Bibliography Index
Dr Peter Claus is Access Fellow and Lecturer in History, Pembroke College, University of Oxford. His doctoral research on the Corporation of London was followed by work on the history of the City and East end of London, which developed into an interest in unofficial forms of urban social investigation in the metropolis along with a commitment to outreach, public history and the democratisation of the archive. This holistic approach to the study, practice and teaching of history has prompted an accessible and comprehensive introduction to historiography which draws on an engagement with diverse historical constituencies. Professor John Marriott is Senior Associate, also at Pembroke College, Oxford. His research has focused on London and Empire with a particular emphasis on the nexus between East London and India since the eighteenth century. His numerous books include The Culture of Labourism: The East End between the Wars (1991, The Other Empire: Metropolis, India and Progress in the Colonial Imagination (2003), Beyond the Tower: a History of East London (2011) and The Ashgate Research Companion to Modern Imperial Histories (2012), co-edited with Professor Philippa Levine. He is now working on the origins of colonial land reform in the seventeenth century, and the demands of young twins.
"Peter Claus and John Marriott's insightful book History: An Introduction to Theory, Method and Practice offers a most useful introduction to the study of history. The authors chart the development of the discipline from Herodotus to the present day in a clear, logical and concise manner, drawing on a wealth of fascinating illustrative material to map out key developments in the subject. This comprehensive and perceptive book is a must-read for students of history and should be made essential reading on any undergraduate or graduate theory and methods course." Robert James, University of Portsmouth, UK "Claus and Marriott have produced an excellent textbook, impressively comprehensive in scope and detail, yet with a logical structure and short, easily manageable chapters, and written in a concise, accessible style aimed at the undergraduate reader. A must for historiography courses." Sacha Davis, University of Newcastle, Australia "A welcome revised and updated guide to the discipline of history, its variety, and practice. History is a comprehensive discussion of the development of the subject, different approaches of history, as well as a guide to techniques. It is an essential text for students that mixes historiography, theory, and methodology and is richly illustrated with examples." Kevin Linch, University of Leeds, UK