Preface Preface to the First Edition List of Tables List of Maps Part One: Introduction and Pre-Kievan Times 1 Ukraine's Geographic and Ethnolinguistic Setting Territory and geography Climate Natural resources Administrative and ethnolinguistic divisions Population Nomenclature 2 Historical Perceptions The Russian historical viewpoint What is eastern Europe? The Polish historical viewpoint The Ukrainian historical viewpoint Kostomarov on Ukrainians, Russians, and Poles The Soviet historical viewpoint 3 The Steppe Hinterland and the Black Sea Cities The steppe hinterland Trypillians and Ukrainians Nomadic civilizations on Ukrainian territory The nomads of the steppe hinterland The Greeks of the coastal region The Pax Scythica, the Sarmatians, and the Pax Romana Scythian customs The Byzantines and the Khazars 4 The Slavs and the Khazars The origins of the Slavs The original homeland of the Slavs The migrations of the Slavs The Antes Archaeology in Ukraine The Pax Chazarica The Slavic tribes in the shadow of the Khazars Part Two: The Kievan Period 5 The Rise of Kievan Rus' The origin of Rus' The great debate: The origin of Rus' Europe in the ninth century The Varangians in the east The era of growth and expansion 6 Political Consolidation and Disintegration Volodymyr the Great The meaning of Rus' Christianity and the baptism of Rus' Christianity in Ukraine Iaroslav the Wise The Kievan system of political succession The conference of Liubech and Volodymyr Monomakh The era of disintegration 7 Socioeconomic and Cultural Developments Demography and social structure The ruling social strata The social structure of Kievan Rus' The subordinate social strata Other social strata The legal system The economic order The voyage from Kiev to Constantinople Byzantine cultural influences The Byzantine Empire and its attitude toward Kievan Rus' Kievan Rus' architecture Kievan Rus' language and literature What was the language of Kievan Rus' ? The "Lay of Ihor's Campaign" 8 The Mongols and the Transformation of Rus' Political Life The rise of the Mongols The Mongol invasion of Kievan Rus' The Golden Horde The Pax Mongolica and Italian merchants Italianate Crimea and the Black Death 9 Galicia-Volhynia Galicia and Volhynia before their unification The unification of Galicia and Volhynia The metropolitanate of Rus' The demise of Galicia-Volhynia Part Three: The Lithuanian-Polish-Crimean Period 10 Lithuania and the Union with Poland The consolidation of the Lithuanian state The Polish-Lithuanian connection Muscovy and the Polish-Lithuanian union 11 Socioeconomic Developments Lithuania's social structure Social estates in Lithuania and Poland Lithuania's administrative structure Poland's social and administrative structure Peasants, nobles, and Jews The manorial estate The coming of Jews to Ukraine The realignment of international trade patterns Poland's economic and cultural revival 12 The Orthodox Cultural Revival The Metropolitanate of Kiev The Metropolitanate of Kiev and All Rus' The monastic movement The role of townspeople and magnates Lviv's Stauropegial Brotherhood 13 Reformation, Counter Reformation, and the Union of Brest The Protestant Reformation The Counter Reformation and Orthodox Ukraine The Union of Brest The views of Prince Kostiantyn Ostroz'kyi The Union of Brest 14 The Tatars and the Crimean Khanate The Crimean Khanate Crimean socioeconomic life The Karaites The Nogay Tatars and slavery Was Ottoman and Crimean slavery all that bad? 15 The Cossacks and Ukraine The steppe The name 'Ukraine' The rise of the Cossacks The Cossacks of Zaporozhia The Cossacks in Polish society Social estates in sixteenth- and early seventeenth-century Ukraine A male-dominated society? The international role of the Cossacks The Cossacks and Orthodoxy Orthodox versus Uniate The calm before the storm Part Four: The Cossack State, 1648-1711 16 Khmelnyts'kyi and the Uprising of 1648 Khmelnyts'kyi's early career The uprising of 1648 Khmelnyts'kyi and the Jews Khmelnyts'kyi as a national leader 17 Muscovy and the Agreement of Pereiaslav The rise of Muscovy Muscovy, Poland, and Ukraine Khmelnyts'kyi and Pereiaslav The Agreement of Pereiaslav 18 The Period of Ruin Changing international alliances The Cossack turn toward Poland The Union of Hadiach Anarchy, ruin, and the division of Ukraine 19 The Structure of the Cossack State Registered and unregistered Cossacks Internal administration What to call the Cossack state? The Cossack state administration International status 20 Mazepa and the Great Northern War The image of Mazepa The rise of Mazepa Mazepa as hetman: The early phase Mazepa during the Great Northern War Mazepa's defection Mazepa and Ukraine after Poltava 21 Socioeconomic and Cultural Developments in the Cossack State Social structure Social estates in the Cossack state Economic developments Church and state Cultural developments The transformation of Ukraine after 1648 Part Five: Ukrainian Lands in the Eighteenth Century 22 Ukraine's Autonomy and the Russian Empire Muscovy becomes the Russian Empire Sloboda Ukraine Zaporozhia The Hetmanate The Crimean Khanate Transformation under Russian rule 23 Socioeconomic Developments The changing social structure Economic developments International trade and commerce 24 Religious and Cultural Developments The integration of the Orthodox church Education Architecture and painting Literature and history writing 25 The Right Bank and Western Ukraine The return of Polish rule in the Right Bank Social protest and the haidamak revolts Uman' as a symbol for Ukrainians, Poles, and Jews The Partitions of Poland Part Six: Ukrainian lands in the Russian Empire 26 Administrative and Political Developments in Dnieper Ukraine Territorial divisions Administrative structure Administrative structure in Dnieper Ukraine before the 1860s Administrative structure in Dnieper Ukraine after the 1860s The evolution of the Russian Empire, 1814-1914 27 Socioeconomic Developments in Dnieper Ukraine Social estates before the 1860s Social estates in Dnieper Ukraine The reforms of the 1860s Economic developments 28 The Peoples of Dnieper Ukraine The Russians The Poles What Ukraine means for Poland The Jews Memories of the 'shtetl Pogroms The Germans and Mennonites The Crimean Tatars The Romanians Other peoples 29 The Ukrainian National Awakening in Dnieper Ukraine before the 1860s The idea of nationalism What is a nationality? The phenomenon of multiple loyalties The early histories of Ukraine The belief in mutually exclusive identities 30 The Ukrainian National Movement in Dnieper Ukraine after the Era of Reforms The Right Bank and the 'khlopomany' movement Ukrainianism in St Petersburg and the renewal of the organizational stage Russian reaction to the Ukrainian movement The Valuev decree Schools in Dnieper Ukraine The Ems Ukase The church in Dnieper Ukraine The return to the heritage-gathering stage The beginnings of the political stage Part Seven: Ukrainian lands in the Austrian Empire 31 The Administrative and Social Structure of Ukrainian Lands in the Austrian Empire before 1848 Austria acquires Ukrainian lands The structure of the Austrian Empire The demographic and administrative status of Galicia and Bukovina The economic status of Galicia before 1848 Other peoples in eastern Galicia 32 The Ukrainian National Awakening in the Austrian Empire before 1848 The Austrian government and the Ukrainian national awakening The heritage-gathering stage in Galicia Bukovina and Transcarpathia before 1848 33 The Revolution of 1848 The revolution in Austria The revolution in Galicia and the Ukrainians The Supreme Ruthenian Council The national movement in Galicia and the beginning of the organizational stage The revolution of 1848 in Bukovina and Transcarpathia 34 The Administrative and Socioeconomic Structure of Ukrainian Lands in the Austrian Empire, 1849- 1914 Administrative structure International developments and Austria's internal politics Austria's parliamentary structure Social structure and economic developments The problem of statistics The Ukrainian diaspora Other peoples in eastern Galicia and Bukovina Ukraine's other diasporas 35 The Ukrainian National Movement in Austria-Hungary, 1849-1914 In search of a national identity Old Ruthenians, Russophiles, and Ukrainophiles Language as the symbol of identity The national movement in Galicia: The organizational stage The national movement in Galicia: The political stage Independence for Ukraine At the bottom of the pecking order The national movement in Bukovina The national movement in Transcarpathia Part Eight: World War I and the Struggle for Independence 36 World War I and Western Ukraine The outbreak of World War I The Russians in Galicia and Bukovina Ukrainian political activity in Vienna 37 Revolutions in the Russian Empire Russia's first revolution of 1917 Revolution in Dnieper Ukraine The Central Rada First Universal of the Ukrainian Central Rada The Bolshevik Revolution Third Universal of the Ukrainian Central Rada (Preamble) The Ukrainian National Republic The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk 38 The Period of the Hetmanate The establishment of the Hetmanate Authoritarian in form, Ukrainian in content The fall of the Hetmanate 39 The Directory, Civil War, and the Bolsheviks The Directory of the Ukrainian National Republic The Bolsheviks The peasant revolution The White Russians The Allied Powers The West Ukrainian National Republic and Dnieper Ukraine Poland and Dnieper Ukraine 40 The revolutionary era and Dnieper Ukraine's other peoples The Jews Petliura and the pogroms The Russians The Poles The Germans and Mennonites Mennonites caught in the revolution The Czechs The Crimean Tatars 41 The West Ukrainian National Republic Austria's Ukrainians prepare for their postwar future West Ukrainian independence and war The West Ukrainian government-in-exile Bukovina and Transcarpathia The Ukrainian revolution: Success or failure? Part Nine: The Interwar Years 42 The Postwar Treaties and the Reconfiguration of Ukrainian Lands The Paris Peace Conference Soviet Ukraine and the Soviet Union Treaty of Union between the Russian SFSR and the Ukrainian SSR 43 Soviet Ukraine: The Struggle for Autonomy The government of Soviet Ukraine The Communist party (Bolshevik) of Ukraine The policy of Ukrainianization Communism and the nationality question Ukrainianization, the governing elite, and demographic change Ukrainianization Ukrainianization and the return of the emigres Ukrainianization in education Ukrainianization in the arts Religion Ukrainianization in the era of transition 44 Soviet Ukraine: Economic, Political, and Cultural Integration War communism and the New Economic Policy--NEP NEP in Soviet Ukraine The end of NEP Central planning and industrialization The collectivization of agriculture Dekulakization and the Great Famine Ukraine's Holocaust: The Great Famine of 1933 The apogee and the decline of Ukrainianization The end of Ukrainianization Purges and integration The purges 45 Other Peoples in Soviet Ukraine The Moldavian S.S.R. and the Moldovans in Soviet Ukraine Nationality administration in the Soviet Union The Russians The Jews The Poles The Germans The Crimean Tatars The Greeks The Bulgarians 46 Ukrainian Lands in Interwar Poland The administrative status of Ukrainian-inhabited lands The economic status of Ukrainian-inhabited lands Poland's initial policies and Ukrainian reactions The cooperative movement Women and the Ukrainian national ethos Ukrainian political parties, schools, and churches Armed resistance and pacification 47 Ukrainian Lands in Interwar Romania and Czechoslovakia Ukrainians in Romania The Rusyns/Ukrainians of Czechoslovakia Part Ten: World War II and the Postwar Years 48 The Coming of World War II Germany and the 'new order' in Europe Autonomy for Carpatho-Ukraine The fall of Poland The "reunification" of western Ukraine The Generalgouvernement 49 World War II and Nazi German Rule The German and Romanian invasions of Ukraine Nazi rule in Ukraine Nazi racial policies and the Holocaust Thou shalt not kill Nazi policies toward Ukrainians Resistance to Nazi rule 50 Postwar Soviet Ukraine until the Death of Stalin Wartime destruction and territorial expansion Voluntary reunification, Soviet style The minority question Ethnic cleansing, Soviet style Industrial and agricultural reconstruction The nationality question Western Ukraine 51 Post-Stalinist Soviet Ukraine Ukraine under Khrushchev The sixties phenomenon Economic developments The Brezhnev era--stability and st
Paul Robert Magocsi, FRSC, is professor of history and political science and holds the John Yaremko Chair of Ukrainian Studies at the University of Toronto.
'A magisterial history ... of the Ukrainian land and all the peoples who have fought over, thrived in, and suffered upon it, from the ancient Scythians ... to the present day.' -- Robert Legvold, Foreign Affairs 'Reminiscent of some of the great works of Russian and Ukrainian history of the nineteenth century ... The book is characterized by wide and deep learning, remarkable objectivity, rational organization, clarity of presentation, and profound awareness of a variety of national sensitivities.' -- Dennis R. Papazian, History 'The task of writing a new history of Ukraine is a difficult balancing act ... Not only the end of the Cold War and the gradual reintegration of Eastern Europe into the European community but also the rethinking of the nation-state and nationalism as historical forces challenge the ways in which the teaching and writing of modern history have been structured. Magocsi's History will long serve as a model for those who dare to grapple with these central issues.' -- Mark von Hagen, The Journal of Modern History 'Magocsi's mastery of ethnographic material, his skillful inclusion of primary documents, and the valuable annotated bibliography make his work [a] useful and comprehensive tool for the student of Ukraine.' -- Paul S. Pirie, The Slavic and East European Journal