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Hydrogeology and Groundwater Modeling

Coupling the basics of hygrogeology with analytical and numerical modeling methods, Hydrogeology and Groundwater Modeling, Second Edition provides detailed coverage of both theory and practice. Written by a leading hydrogeologist who has consulted for industry and environmental agencies and taught at major universities around the world, this unique book fills a gap in the groundwater hydrogeology literature. With more than 40 real-world examples, the book is a source for clear, easy-to-understand, and step-by-step quantitative groundwater evaluation and contaminant fate and transport analysis, from basic laboratory determination to complex analytical calculations and computer modeling. It provides more than 400 drawings, graphs, and photographs, and a variety of useful tables of all key groundwater parameters, as well as lucid, straightforward answers to common hydrogeological problems. Reflecting nearly ten years of new scholarship since the publication of the bestselling first edition, this second edition is wider in focus with added and updated examples, figures, and problems, yet still provides information in the author's trademark, user-friendly style. No other book offers such carefully selected examples and clear, elegantly explained solutions. The inclusion of step-by-step solutions to real problems builds a knowledge base for understanding and solving groundwater issues.
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Table of Contents

PART ONE: BASIC CONCEPTS IN HYDROGEOLOGY AND GROUNDWATER MODELING INTRODUCTION GROUNDWATER Hydrologic Cycle and Groundwater Porosity and Effective Porosity Principles of Groundwater Flow Flow in Unsaturated Zone AQUIFERS AND AQUITARDS Definition, Recharge and Discharge Areas Aquifer Transmissivity and Storage Types of Aquifers Aquifer Parameters and Methods of Determination Analysis of Aquifer Pumping Test Results Aquifer Recharge and Sustainability Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) and Aquifer Storage and Recovery (ASR) Springs and Spring Development Underground Dams Competent and Leaky Aquitards Surface Water - Groundwater Interactions GROUNDWATER EXTRACTION Vertical Wells Collector Wells and Horizontal Wells Infiltration Galleries and Drains Source Water Protection Zones GROUNDWATER CHEMISTRY Solubility, Water Chemistry Units, Reactions Natural Groundwater Constituents and Their Relation to Geologic Media GROUNDWATER CONTAMINATION Regulatory Overview Sources of Contamination and Groundwater Contaminants Drinking Water Standards Emerging Contaminants FATE AND TRANSPORT OF CONTAMINANTS Free Phase and Residual Phase Contamination Dissolved Phase Contamination Dispersion, Diffusion, Sorption, Degradation GROUNDWATER MODELING Types of Groundwater Models Numeric Model Setup Model Calibration and Sensitivity Analysis Model Error Model Results and Prediction Model Verification Model Documentation Standards for Groundwater Modeling PART TWO: SOLVED PROBLEMS IN HYDROGEOLOGY AND GROUNDWATER MODELING POROSITY AND RELATED PARAMETERS Porosity, Effective Porosity, Saturation LABORATORY METHODS FOR DETERMINING HYDRAULIC CONDUCTIVITY Constant Head Permeameter Falling Head Permeameter Grain Size Analysis ONE-DIMENSIONAL STEADY STATE FLOW Confined Homogeneous Aquifer Confined Heterogeneous Aquifer Confined One-Dimensional Steady State Flow, Aquifer with Forks Confined One-Dimensional Flow, Aquifer with Varying Thickness Unconfined Homogeneous Aquifer with and without Infiltration, Drainage Gallery ONE-DIMENSIONAL TRANSIENT FLOW Sudden Change at the Boundary, Aquifer Parameters Gradual Linear Change at the Boundary, Infiltration Rate TWO-DIMENSIONAL STEADY-STATE FLOW (FLOW NETS) Construction and Characteristics of Flow Nets, Groundwater Flow Rate Groundwater Contour Maps, Influence of Surface Streams Kriging Flow Nets in Heterogeneous Aquifers, Refraction of Streamlines, Groundwater Velocity STEADY STATE FLOW TO WATER WELLS Confined Aquifer Unconfined Aquifer Unconfined Aquifer with Infiltration Confined-Unconfined Aquifer Transition Wells near Boundaries TRANSIENT FLOW TO WATER WELLS Confined, Non-Leaky Aquifer Applications of the Theis Equation Method of Recovery Leaky Confined Aquifer Unconfined Aquifer with Delayed Gravity Response Slug Test, Bouwer and Rice Method EXTRACTION WELL DESIGN AND ANALYSIS Gravel Pack Size Three-Step Pumping Test, Well Specific Capacity, Loss, Efficiency Radius of Well Influence SPRING FLOW AND STREAM BASE FLOW Recession (Baseflow) Analysis Hydrochemical Separation of Spring Hydrograph GROUNDWATER FLOW MODELING Three-Layer Model ONE-DIMENSIONAL ANALYTICAL FATE AND TRANSPORT MODELS Dissolved Contaminant Concentrations in Time and Space CONTAMINANT FATE AND TRANSPORT PARAMETERS Use of Dispersion Use of Sorption (Retardation) and Sequential Degradation CONTAMINANT FATE AND TRANSPORT MODELING Plume Migration and Containment References Appendix A: Unit Conversion Tables Appendix B: Basic Mathematical Expressions Appendix C: Porosity Values Appendix D: Tables of Well and Other Functions Index

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