Part 1 Preface vii Part 2 The Christian Legacy 3 Part 3 Luther and the Reformation 20 Part 4 The Enlightenment 36 Part 5 The Liberation of the Jews in France 50 Part 6 The Nationalist Reaction: Germany, 1815-1848 64 Part 7 Anti-Semitism in the Bismarck Era 80 Part 8 The Rise of Populist Anti-Semitism 97 Part 9 Anti-Semitism Among the Elites, 1890-1914 112 Part 10 Anti-Semitism, Academics, and Intellectuals, 1890-1914 128 Part 11 Opposing Anti-Semitism 143 Part 12 Catholic Anti-Semitism in the Austrian Empire 156 Part 13 Racial Nationalism in Austria 173 Part 14 Hitler in Austria 191 Part 15 The Great War and Racism 206 Part 16 The Seedbed: The Postwar Wave of Anti-Semitism 222 Part 17 The Battle for Culture 239 Part 18 Organizing the Nazis, 1924-1930 19 Anti-Semitism and the Nazi Vote 271 Part 20 Hitler and the Elites 288 Part 21 Hitler in Power 306 Part 22 Toward a Racial Empire 317 Part 23 The Ideology of Death 325 Part 24 Complicities 342 Part 25 Resistance, Public Opinion, Knowledge 362 Part 26 Aftermath: Judgment and Innocence 380 Part 27 Notes 399 Part 28 Index 413
John Weiss's Ideology of Death: Why the Holocaust Happened in Germany was lauded for its balanced interpretation. Mr. Weiss is professor of history at Lehman College and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, and has also written The Fascist Tradition and Conservatism in Europe.
Rejecting the widespread notion that the Holocaust would never have occurred without Hitler, Weiss points out that Germany after WWI, a culture rife with fanatical anti-Semitism, racism and extreme nationalism, produced ``hundreds of groups with hundreds of thousands of followers whose ideas were no different from those of the Nazis.'' He argues that Nazism had roots in 19th-century anti-Semitic mass movements founded by prestigious German and Austrian clergy and Christian rightists: for example, evangelical pastor Adolf Stoecker's Christian Social Worker's Party of the 1880s and Wilhelm Marr's German Anti-Semitic League. Professor of history at City University of New York Graduate Center, Weiss traces the wellsprings of German anti-Judaism to Luther's Reformation and to German intellectuals' rejection of Enlightenment ideals promulgated by Napoleon, under whom legal discrimination against France's Jews became illegal. Weiss concludes by showing that Germany's academic, professional, bureaucratic, judicial and military elites in place at the end of the war, though heavily implicated in Nazi mass murder and terror, nevertheless avoided punishment and were unencumbered by any sense of personal guilt. This illuminating study of the origins of genocidal hatred and violence deserves a permanent place on bookshelves. (Jan.)
Effective. * Booklist *
Illuminating...deserves a permanent place on bookshelves. * Publishers Weekly *
An extremely stimulating and informative work...Weiss has produced a detailed, clearly written account. * Kirkus *
For many readers this book can safely take the place of an entire history. -- Raul Hilberg, author of The Destruction of the European Jews