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Home » Books » Business » Economics » General

Inhabiting the Earth as a Finite World

By Research Group on Living and Surviving

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Format: Hardback, 180 pages
Published In: United States, 31 May 1979
Since the 'sixties anxiety about the future of mankind has led to a number of major publications on the world's vital problems and the relationship be- tween them, the best known being the reports to the Club of Rome. This study of the problems of providing living accommodation for a rapid- ly growing world population, taking into account the limits that must be set to this growth, was started in 1973 at the Academy of Architecture and Erasmus University, Rotterdam, and testifies to the same anxiety. Inhabiting the Earth as a Finite World is the impressive result of a study of the consequences of meeting the just demand for good accommodation for all the earth's in- habitants, worked out with the aid of a world model and a number of case studies. The value of models, especially very complex ones, is at present debatable. Nevertheless, they can often cast light on complex situations. The simplified form of the real situation, which every model in fact is, allows certain impli- cations of decisions to be discerned and taken into account in planning. The comparison of the results of the study with the design process is a clear example of this.

Table of Contents

1. The dangers threatening mankind.- 1.1 The interrelation of the problems.- 1.2 Natural resources.- 1.3 The food problem.- 1.4 The population problem.- 1.5 The effects on the environment.- 1.6 The significance of technological developments.- 1.7 Distribution of prosperity.- 2. Systems approach as a research method.- 2.1 Research strategy.- 2.1.1 Problems and principles.- 2.1.2 Exploratory stage.- 2.1.3 The model stage.- 2.1.4 Design stage.- 2.2 The model approach.- 3. Seeking general data for a dynamic world-model.- 3.1 Population.- 3.2 Food.- 3.2.1 The starving world.- 3.2.2 Increase in arable land.- 3.2.3 The green revolution.- 3.3 Natural resources.- 3.3.1 Limited resources.- 3.3.1.1 Steel.- 3.3.1.2 Aluminium.- 3.3.1.3 Copper.- 3.3.1.4 Lead.- 3.3.1.5 Zinc.- 3.3.1.6 Plastics.- 3.3.2 Ample resources.- 3.3.2.1 Stone, sand, gravel, and chippings.- 3.3.2.2 Lime, gypsum, and cement.- 3.3.2.3 Burnt brick and sand-lime brick.- 3.3.2.4 Concrete.- 3.3.2.5 Glass.- 3.3.3 Resources produced by the earth from year to year.- 3.3.3.1 Timber.- 3.3.3.2 World reserves and annual consumption.- 3.4 Energy.- 3.4.1 Coal.- 3.4.2 Petroleum.- 3.4.3 Natural gas.- 3.4.4 Alternative energy sources.- 3.5 Pollution of the environment.- 3.5.1 Causes, effects, extent, and increase.- 3.5.2 The significance of ecological equilibrium.- 3.5.3 Norms for permissibility of pollution.- 3.5.4 Pollution caused by building.- 3.5.5 The cost of control.- 3.6 Sharing prosperity.- 4. Basic elements of the building process.- 4.1 Specific input data.- 4.1.1 Energy.- 4.1.2 Materials.- 4.1.3 Work and money.- 4.1.4 The technical life of a house.- 4.1.5 The economic life of a house.- 4.2 The Static approach to the limiting values.- 5. Possibilities for quantitative analysis of housing: test cases.- 5.1 The purpose of the test cases.- 5.2 Carib home in Surinam.- 5.3 Living in developing countries: Ghana development plan.- 5.4 Living in the industrial society.- 5.5 Comparison of test cases.- 6. The simulation model.- 6.1 General scheme of the model.- 6.2 Income trends.- 6.3 Income distribution.- 6.4 Population.- 6.5 Housing requirements.- 6.6 Agriculture and forestry.- 6.7 Pollution.- 6.8 The use of scarce resources.- 6.8.1 Energy.- 6.8.2 Iron.- 6.8.3 Lead.- 6.8.4 Zinc.- 6.8.5 Copper.- 6.8.6 Aluminium.- 6.8.7 Timber.- 6.9 The limits.- 6.10 Simulation model results.- 7. Designing within the limits.- 7.1 Building estimate.- 7.2 Energy consumption and heat insulation.- 7.3 The specification of limits.- 7.4 Design methods.- 7.5 Designs for testing the specification of limits and the design method.- 7.5.1 Detached house (Design: C. Bresseleers and B. Menten).- 7.5.2 Terraced house (Design: J. Ertzingen and G. Pijl).- 7.5.3 Rural cluster (Design: E. Binneman and P. Peeters).- 7.5.4 Urban cluster (Design: M. Buytaert, D. de Vocht, and P. Meester).- 8. The projects.- 8.1 Urban terraced house (Design: Frits Mastenbroek).- 8.1.1 Specification of requirements.- 8.1.2 Principal measures.- 8.1.3 Constructional details.- 8.1.4 Estimates.- 8.2 A house in a poor country (Design: Piet Bennehey).- 8.2.1 Location.- 8.2.2 Specification of limits.- 8.2.3 Design.- 8.2.4 Estimates.- 8.3 House with own supply facilities: pyramid 2020 (Design: Willem van den Akker and Jan van Middelkoop).- 8.3.1 Introduction.- 8.3.2 Principles for the design.- 8.3.3 Design and comments.- 9. Conclusions and evaluation.- Appendix A: Some major air pollutants.- Appendix B: Technical life of the house.- Appendix C: Detailed estimates for pyramid 2020.- Appendix D: Heat and sound insulation.

EAN: 9780898380187
ISBN: 0898380189
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers
Dimensions: 15.6 x 23.39 x 1.12 centimetres (0.95 kg)
Age Range: 15+ years
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