ContentsPreface to Fourth
EditionPreface to Third EditionPreface to Second Edition
Preface to First Edition Author's Acknowledgements
Publisher's Acknowledgements 1. What do sociolinguists study? What
is a sociolinguist? Why do we say the same thing in different ways?
What are the different ways we say things? Social factors,
dimensions and explanations Section I: Multilingual Speech
Communities2. Language choice in multilingual communities Choosing
your variety or code Diglossia Code-switching or code-mixing 3.
Language maintenance and shift Language shift in different
communities Language death and language loss Factors contributing
to language shift How can a minority language be maintained?
Language revival 4. Linguistic varieties and multilingual nations
Vernacular languages Standard languages Lingua francas Pidgins and
creoles 5. National languages and language planning National and
official languages Planning for a national official language
Developing a standard variety in Norway The linguist's role in
language planning Section II: Language Variation: Focus on Users6.
Regional and social dialects Regional variation Social variation
Social dialects 7. Gender and age Gender-exclusive speech
differences: non-Western communities Gender-preferential speech
features: social dialect research Gender and social class
Explanations of women's linguistic behaviour Age-graded features of
speech Age and social dialect data Age grading and language change
8. Ethnicity and social networks Ethnicity Social networks 9.
Language change Variation and change How do changes spread? How do
we study language change? Reasons for language change Section III:
Language Variation: Focus on Uses10. Style, context and register
Addressee as an influence on style Accommodation theory Context,
style and class Style in non-Western societies Register 11. Speech
functions, politeness and cross-cultural communication The
functions of speech Politeness and address forms Linguistic
politeness in different cultures 12. Gender, politeness and
stereotypes Women's language and confidence Interaction Gossip The
linguistic construction of genderThe linguistic construction of
sexuality Sexist language 13. Language, cognition and culture
Language and perception Whorf Linguistic categories and culture
Discourse patterns and culture Language, social class, and
cognition 14. Analysing Discourse Pragmatics and politeness
theoryEthnography of speaking Interactional
sociolinguisticsConversation Analysis (CA)Critical Discourse
15. Attitudes and applications Attitudes to language Sociolinguistics and education Sociolinguistics and forensic linguistics 16. Conclusion Sociolinguistic competence Dimensions of sociolinguistic analysis Sociolinguistic universals References Appendix: phonetic symbols Glossary Index
A new, updated fourth edition of Janet Holmes's best selling introductory textbook.
Janet Holmes is Professor of Linguistics at Victoria University of Wellington. She teaches sociolinguistics courses from first year to postgraduate level Her books include Gendered Talk at Work andthe Blackwell Handbook of Language and Gender (co-edited with Miriam Meyerhoff). Most recently she has published Leadership, Discourse and Ethnicity (co-authored with Meredith Marra and Bernadette Vine) reflecting her most recent research interests which focus on leadership discourse and the relevance of gender and ethnicity in the workplace.