The Italian Wars, 1494-1559
War, State and Society in Early Modern Europe (Modern Wars in Perspective)
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|Format: ||Paperback, 456 pages|
|Other Information: ||illustrations|
|Published In: ||United Kingdom, 26 April 2012|
The Italian Wars of 1494-1559 had a major impact on the whole of Renaissance Europe. In this important text, Michael Mallett and Christine Shaw place the conflict within the political and economic context of the wars. Emphasising the gap between aims and strategies of the political masters and what their commanders and troops could actually accomplish on the ground, they analyse developments in military tactics and the tactical use of firearms and examine how Italians of all sectors of society reacted to the wars and the inevitable political and social change that they brought about. The history of Renaissance Italy is currently being radically rethought by historians. This book is a major contribution to this re-evaluation, and will be essential reading for all students of Renaissance and military history.
Table of Contents
CONTENTS List of illustrationsAcknowledgmentsPreface by John LawsIntroduction 1. The Genesis of the Wars and the First French Expedition Charles VIII and his inheritanceFrench interests in ItalyKing Ferrante of Naples and the other Italian powersPreparations for the Italian enterpriseThe final monthsThe reactions of the Italian powersThe march to NaplesThe French in NaplesThe French retreat and the Battle of FornovoThe French loss of Naples 2. Milan and Naples Overwhelmed, 1496-1503 The Pisan War, 1495-9Preparations for the French invasion of MilanThe French conquest of Milan, 1499-1500France as an Italian powerThe conquest of NaplesThe Spanish expulsion of the French from Naples 3. The Conflict Widens Florence and PisaFerdinand in NaplesLouis in Italy, 1507The genesis of the League of CambraiThe War of the League of CambraiThe Battle of Agnadello and its consequencesThe Venetian rallyThe campaign against Venice in 1510Julius II and the FrenchThe campaign in the Veneto in 1511The Holy LeagueThe Battle of RavennaThe expulsion of the French from Italy 4. New Orders Struggling to be Born, 1512-1519 The restoration of the Medici to FlorenceThe settlement in MilanThe Venetians stand apartThe French invasion of Milan, 1513War in the VenetoDiplomatic conflict over LombardyThe advent of Francis I and the conquest of Milan, 1515The invasion of Milan by Maximilian and the Swiss, 1516Final stages of the war against Venice, 1515-16The quest for a Medici principateThe Imperial election 5. The Contest for Supremacy in Italy, 1520-1529 The expulsion of the French, 1521-2The claims of the EmpireThe French return to Milan, 1523-4Francis I's second expedition to Italy, 1524-5The Battle of PaviaThe aftermath of the Battle of PaviaThe Imperial takeover of the Duchy of MilanThe League of CognacThe Sack of RomeThe war in Lombardy, 1527-8The invasion of Naples, 1528The last campaign in Lombardy, 1528-9The Treaties of Barcelona and Cambrai 6. The Transformation of War Weapons and the balance of armsThe impact of gunpowder weaponsFortifications and siegecraft Permanence and professionalismTraining and skillsTactics and strategyLeadershipThe war at seaThe experience of war 7. The Resources of War Recruitment and mobilizationThe ordinances: muster and controlBilletingSupplyPayNaval resourcesThe costs of war 8. Testing the Boundaries, 1529-47 Charles V and Clement VII in Bologna, 1529-30The siege of Florence, 1529-30The second Congress of Bologna, 1532-3Francis I's designs on ItalyThe devolution of MilanThe French invasion of Savoy and Piedmont, 1536Charles V's journey through Italy, 1535-6Charles V and Francis I again at war in Italy, 1536-7Truce and peaceThe renewal of the war in Piedmont, 1542-4The Peace of Crepy, 1544The promotion of Spanish interests in Italy 9. Th1547-1559 The War of Parma and Mirandola, 1551-2The war in north-west Italy, 1551-2Charles V at bayThe War of Siena, 1552-5The transfer of power in Italy from Charles to PhilipWar from the seaCorsicaThe war in north-west Italy, 1552-6The alliance between France and the papacyAlba's invasion of the Papal States, 1556The expedition of the duc de Guise, 1557The final phase of the warsThe Peace of Cateau-Cambresis 10. The Legacies of the Wars Economic consequencesA new state systemAn oppressed nation?The transformation of military societyItaly in the Spanish Empire Bibliography Index
Part of the prestigious Modern Wars in Perspective series, this book from two leading scholars of Renaissance Italy is both an important contribution to military history and an acute political analysis of Early Modern Europe.
About the Author
The late Michael Mallett was Emeritus Professor of History at the University of Warwick and a distinguished historian of fifteenth- and sixteenth century Italy. His books included Mercenaries and their Masters: Warfare in Renaissance Italy (1974), and (with J.R.Hale) The Military Organization of a Renaissance State: Venice c.1400 to 1617 (1984).Christine Shaw has published extensively on the political and military society of Renaissance Italy. Her books include Julius II: The Warrior Pope (1993), The Politics of Exile in Renaissance Italy (2000), and (as editor) Italyand the European Powers: The Impact of War 1500-1530 (2006).
'Not just Italy but large swathes of Europe were drawn into the Italian Wars of the early sixteenth century. A great hole in the historical literature has at last been filled by this lucid and authoritative account of these events by two leading scholars in Renaissance history.' David Abulafia, University of Cambridge, UK 'Italy is the neglected crucible of early modern European warfare, and this important book examines in detail both the conflicts which kept Italy a battleground through the first half of the sixteenth century, and the wider significance of the military developments which sprang from these Italian Wars.' David Parrott, University of Oxford, UK
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