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Krausism and the Spanish Avant-Garde

At the turn of the eighteenth century, Spain witnessed the rise of a liberal side that directly confronted the government during the First Carlist War (1833-1839), considered by many as the first civil war. After this conflict, many liberals felt the need to continue challenging the status quo, and to that end, they explored new concepts that originated beyond the borders of the Iberian nation. In many ways, they found their answer in the philosophical movement known as Krausism. Founded in Germany by Karl Christian Krause, introduced in Spain by Ruperto Navarro Zamorano in 1841, and expanded by JuliAn Sanz del RIo when he published Ideal de la Humanidad para toda la vida (1871), Krausism led to several important changes, including in politics. In fact, Krausism was considered to be driving force behind the Revolution of 1868, which brought the First Republic (1873-1874).This is the first study that directly links Krausism to the Spanish avant-garde. To this end, the book is presented in chronological order in efforts to highlight how Krausism evolved and affected the culture of Spain. Those changes occurred in the fields of education, politics, philosophy, literature, and arts, to name a few. The effects in these fields allowed for artists and writers to challenge the tradition, embrace new ideas, and experiment with aesthetics, which all led to the Spanish avant-garde. Furthermore, this book will spark a debate in the wider audience and serve as a springboard, as well as a guide to new ways to analyze important cultural periods in Spain. To continue with the traditional approach would mean continuing to neglect the influence of ideologies, the importance of key playmakers, and the acceptance of obsolete paradigms as a norm.Krausism and the Spanish Avant-Garde is an important book for researchers, teachers, and students, both at the undergraduate and graduate level, in the fields of cultural studies, Spanish avant-garde, philosophy, and education.
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"InKrausism and the Spanish Avant-Garde, Christian Rubio argues convincingly that Krausism had a practical effect on everyday life and in literature-that it provided a non-religious alternative to harmonize tradition and modernity. It was a pragmatic Kantian idealism that advocated, among other ideas, democracy and equalitarian marriage. Previous critical work on Krausism has focused on its impact on realism. The novelty of Rubio's study is that it extends its influence to postrealism movements like modernism (in the Anglo sense of the term), the avant-garde, and women's right's literature. This book is a must read for those interested in the influence of Krausism and Kantian philosophy in Spanish culture during the early twentieth century." -Salvador A. Oropesa, Professor of Spanish and Chair of the Department of Languages, Clemson University "Christian Rubio's book is a groundbreaking contribution to the study of the Spanish avant-garde by unravelling its remote Krausist sources of inspiration. The shifting relationship between Spanish ethics and aesthetics and European cultural change, and its specific local re-significations, is thoroughly mapped out in this study. By focusing on influential figures of the national intellectual life through this innovative prism, this book sets a new benchmark in the field of cultural studies." -Gregorio Alonso, Lecturer in Spanish History, School of Languages, Cultures and Societies, University of Leeds "Christian Rubio's Krausism and the Spanish Avant-Garde is a timely reminder of the remarkable and long-overlooked staying power of a movement that set out to unlock humankind's creative potential. Written in a highly accessible manner, the book provides valuable insight on how Spanish thinkers adopted, transformed, and developed a European philosophical movement until it became an intrinsic part of culture in Spain. Rubio's book achieves that rarest of balance: a thought-provoking study for students and seasoned scholars alike." -Henriette Partzsch, Lecturer in Hispanic Studies, School of Modern Languages and Cultures, University of Glasgow"

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