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Foreword xi Preface xiii Acknowledgments xxi About the Authors xxiii Part I: Introduction to Alice 1 1 Getting Started with Alice 3 1-1 Introduction to Alice 3 1-2 Alice Concepts 8 Tips & Techniques 1: Special Effects: Text and 2D Graphic Images 15 Summary 18 Exercises 19 2 Program Design and Implementation 22 2-1 Scenarios and Storyboards 22 2-2 A First Program 29 Tips & Techniques 2: Orientation and Movement Instructions 43 Summary 57 Exercises 59 3 Programming: Putting Together the Pieces 62 3-1 Built-in Functions and Expressions 63 3-2 Simple Control Structures 68 Tips & Techniques 3: Camera and Animation Controls 76 Summary 81 Exercises 83 Part II: Object-Oriented and Event-Driven Programming Concepts 87 4 Classes, Objects, Methods and Parameters 89 4-1 World-Level Methods 91 4-2 Parameters 100 4-3 Object-Level Methods and Inheritance 110 Tips & Techniques 4: Visible and Invisible Objects 121 Summary 127 Exercises and Projects 129 5 Interaction: Events and Event Handling 140 5-1 Interactive Programming 140 5-2 Parameters and Event Handling Methods 147 Tips & Techniques 5: Creating Your Own People Models 156 Summary 158 Exercises and Projects 159 Part III: Using Functions and Control Statements 171 6 Functions and If/Else 173 6-1 Functions 173 6-2 Execution Control with If/Else and Boolean Functions 180 Tips & Techniques 6: Random Numbers and Random Motion 196 Summary 199 Exercises and Projects 201 7 Repetition: Definite and Conditional Loops 213 7-1 Loops 213 7-2 While-a Conditional Loop 219 Tips & Techniques 7: Events and Repetition 225 Summary 228 Exercises and Projects 229 8 Repetition: Recursion 239 8-1 Introduction to Recursion 239 8-2 Another Flavor of Recursion 244 Tips & Techniques 8: Engineering Look and Feel 254 Summary 257 Exercises and Projects 258 Part IV: Advanced Topics 265 9 Lists and List Processing 267 9-1 Lists 267 9-2 List Search 273 Tips & Techniques 9: Groups 277 Summary 279 Exercises and Projects 280 10 Variables and Revisiting Inheritance 289 10-1 Variables 289 10-2 An Array Visualization Using an Index Variable 300 Tips & Techniques 10: Debugging with Watch and Text Output 308 Summary 312 Exercises and Projects 313 11 What's Next? 322 11-1 Transition to Java 322 11-2 Alice 3 327 Tips & Techniques 11: Poses 328 Appendix A: Using Alice 331 Part 1: Running Virtual Worlds in Alice 331 Part 2: Using Popup Menus to Create an Initial Scene 345 Appendix B: Managing the Alice Interface 350 Index 363
Wanda Dann is the Director of the Alice Project and Associate Teaching Professor of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University. Her research has encompassed program visualization and object-oriented and event-driven programming. She has published papers on the use of program visualization in computer science education for SIGCSE, the Computer Science Education Journal, and related publications. She has been co-PI for three NSF-funded projects. She is an active member of the ITiCSE Visualization Working Group, studying the effectiveness of visualization in computer science education. She has taken on a major leadership role in the international computer science education community, serving as SIGCSE 2004 Program co-Chair and SIGCSE 2005 Symposium co-Chair. Stephen Cooper is an Associate Professor of Computer Science and the Director for the Center for Visualization at Saint Joseph's University.?He taught previously at Rivier College, serving as Computer Science program director. He has also worked at IBM as a systems programmer. Dr. Cooper's research interests lie in the semantics of programming languages as well as in program visualization. He is the author or co-author of a dozen articles, and has been the principal investigator for several National Science Foundation and private grants. ? Randy Pausch was a Professor of Computer Science, Human-Computer Interaction and Design at Carnegie Mellon, and co-founder of the Entertainment Technology Center. He also served as the Director of Carnegie Mellon's Alice research group, where he oversaw the development of Alice. He was a National Science Foundation Presidential Young Investigator and a Lilly Foundation Teaching Fellow. In 1995, he spent a Sabbatical with the Walt Disney Imagineering Virtual Reality Studio and consulted with Imagineering on interactive theme park attractions, particularly for the "DisneyQuest" virtual-reality based theme park. Dr. Pausch authored or co-authored five books and over 60 reviewed journal and conference proceedings articles, and his primary interests were human-computer interaction, entertainment technology and undergraduate education.