Foreword; S. Frankowski, P. Stephan. Part One: Constitutional Law. The Rule-of-Law Ideal and Russian Reality; A.M. Yakovlev. Polish Constitutional Law; M.F. Frzezinski, L. Garlicki. Constitutional Law of Romania; L. Mihai. A New Old Constitution for Estonia; I. Grazin. Constitutional Law of the Slovak Republic; L. Cibulka. Judicial Protection of Personal Rights in Russia; V.M. Savitsky. Historical and Psychological Forces Shaping Constitutionalism; E. Tanchev. Part Two: Civil and Commercial Law. Polish Civil and Commercial Law; B. Kordasiewicz, M. Wierzbowski. Romanian Civil and Commercial Law; F.A. Baias. Part Three: Criminal Justice. Criminal Law, the Law of Criminal Procedure, and the Law of Corrections in Hungary; B. Busch, J. Molnar, E. Margitan. The Romanian Criminal Justice System; T. Dianu. Polish Criminal Law and Procedure; A. Wasek, S. Frankowski. Criminal Procedure in Bulgaria; E. Trendafilova. The Law of Corrections in Russia; A.S. Mikhlin. The Law of Corrections in Poland; Z. Holda. Part Four: Labor and Social Security Law. Employment and Collective Labor Law in Post-Communist Poland; A. Swiatkowski. The Main Features of Romanian Labor Laws in the Period of Transition; A. Athanasiu, A.C. Moarcas. Labor Law in Hungary; C. Kollonay Lehoczky. Labor Law and Social Security Legislation in Slovakia; J. Matlak. Labor Law and Social Security in Post-Communist Bulgaria; K. Sredkova. Westernization of the European East? S. Frankowski, P. Stephan.