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The eastern provinces of the Ottoman Empire used to be a multi-ethnic region where Armenians, Kurds, Syriacs, Turks, and Arabs lived together in the same villages and cities. The disintegration of the Ottoman Empire and rise of the nation state violently altered this situation. Nationalist elites intervened in heterogeneous populations they identified as objects of knowledge, management, and change. These often violent processes of state formation destroyed historical regions and emptied multicultural cities, clearing the way for modern nation states. The Making of Modern Turkey highlights how the Young Turk regime, from 1913 to 1950, subjected Eastern Turkey to various forms of nationalist population policies aimed at ethnically homogenizing the region and incorporating it in the Turkish nation state. It examines how the regime utilized technologies of social engineering, such as physical destruction, deportation, spatial planning, forced assimilation, and memory politics, to increase ethnic and cultural homogeneity within the nation state. Drawing on secret files and unexamined records, Ugur Umit Ungor demonstrates that concerns of state security, ethnocultural identity, and national purity were behind these policies. The eastern provinces, the heartland of Armenian and Kurdish life, became an epicenter of Young Turk population policies and the theatre of unprecedented levels of mass violence.
Product Details

Table of Contents

Introduction ; 1. Nationalism and population politics in the late Ottoman Empire ; 2. Genocide of Christians, 1915-1916 ; 3. Deportations of Kurds, 1916-1934 ; 4. Culture and education in the eastern provinces ; 5. The calm after the storm: the politics of memory ; Conclusion ; Bibliography ; Index ; Introduction ; 1. Nationalism and population politics in the late Ottoman Empire ; 2. Genocide of Christians, 1915-16 ; 3. Deportations of Kurds, 1916-1934 ; 4. Culture and education in the eastern provinces ; 5. The calm after the storm: the politics of memory ; Conclusion ; Notes ; Bibliography ; Index

About the Author

Ugur UEmit UEngoer studied Sociology and History and defended his Ph.D. in 2009 (summa cum laude). He worked at the Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies. His main area of interest is the historical sociology of mass violence and nationalism.

Reviews

The book will be a bonanza for those who want to acquire a comparative perspective on the development of nationalism in other places. A short review cannot do justice to this rich book. One has to read it oneself and learn. * CHOICE * an important addition to the literature on the relationship between state formation and population displacement. * Peter Gatrell, European Review of History. *

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