Part I. Exercise SciencesChapter 1. Structure and Function of the Muscular, Nervous, and Skeletal Systems The Muscular System The Nervous System The Skeletal System Conclusion Learning Aids Chapter 2. Cardiorespiratory System and Gas Exchange Cardiovascular Anatomy and Physiology Respiratory System Conclusion Learning Aids Chapter 3. Bioenergetics Essential Terminology Energy Systems Substrate Depletion and Repletion Oxygen Uptake and the Aerobic and Anaerobic Contributions to Exercise Practical Application of Energy Systems Conclusion Learning Aids Chapter 4. Biomechanics Mechanical Foundations Biomechanics of Human Movement Muscular Control of Movement Biomechanics of Resistance Exercise Conclusion Learning Aids Chapter 5. Resistance Training Adaptations Basic Adaptations to Resistance Training Acute Adaptations Chronic Adaptations Factors That Influence Adaptations to Resistance Training Overtraining Detraining Conclusion Learning Aids Chapter 6. Physiological Responses and Adaptations to Aerobic Endurance Training Acute Responses to Aerobic Exercise Chronic Adaptations to Aerobic Exercise Factors That Influence Adaptations to Aerobic Endurance Training Age Overtraining Detraining Conclusion Learning Aids Chapter 7. Nutrition in the Personal Training Setting Role of the Personal Trainer Regarding Nutrition Who Can Provide Nutrition Counseling and Education? Dietary Assessment Energy Nutrients Weight Gain Weight Loss Evaluating Weight Loss Diets Dietary Supplements The Art of Making Dietary Recommendations Conclusion Learning Aids Chapter 8. Exercise Psychology for the Personal Trainer Mental Health Aspects of Exercise Goal Setting Motivation Methods to Motivate a Client Conclusion Learning Aids Part II. Initial Consultation and EvaluationChapter 9. Client Consultation and Health Appraisal Purpose of Consultation and Health Appraisal Delivery Process Client Consultation Preparticipation Health Appraisal Screening Evaluation of Coronary Risk Factors, Disease, and Lifestyle Interpretation of Results Referral Process Medical Clearance Conclusion Learning Aids Chapter 10. Fitness Assessment Selection and Administration Purposes of Assessment Choosing Appropriate Assessments Assessment Case Studies Administration and Organization of Fitness Assessments Interpretation and Review of Results Reassessment Conclusion Learning Aids Chapter 11. Fitness Testing Protocols and Norms Vital Signs Body Composition Cardiovascular Endurance Muscular Strength Muscular Endurance Flexibility Conclusion Learning Aids Part III. Exercise TechniqueChapter 12. Flexibility, Body Weight, and Stability Ball Exercises Defining Flexibility Flexibility Training as Part of the Total Exercise Program Benefits of Flexibility Training Factors Affecting Flexibility Elasticity and Plasticity Types of Flexibility Training Recommended Flexibility Routine and Guidelines Warm-Up Body Weight and Stability Ball Exercises Conclusion Flexibility, Body Weight, and Stability Ball Exercises Learning Aids Chapter 13. Resistance Training Exercise Techniques Fundamental Exercise Technique Guidelines Spotting Resistance Training Exercises Conclusion Resistance Training Exercises Learning Aids Chapter 14. Cardiovascular Training Methods Safe Participation Training on Cardiovascular Machines Nonmachine Cardiovascular Exercise Techniques Conclusion Learning Aids Part IV. Program DesignChapter 15. Resistance Training Program Design General Training Principles Initial Fitness Consultation and Evaluation Determination of Training Frequency Exercise Selection Exercise Order Training Load: Resistance and Repetitions Training Volume: Repetitions and Sets Rest Intervals Variation Sequencing Training Progression Sample Programs for Targeted Training Outcomes Conclusion Learning Aids Chapter 16. Aerobic Endurance Training Program Design Specificity of Aerobic Endurance Training Components of an Aerobic Endurance Training Program Types of Aerobic Endurance Training Programs Conclusion Learning Aids Chapter 17. Plyometric and Speed Training Plyometric Mechanics and Physiology When to Use Plyometric Exercise Safety Considerations Plyometric Program Design Speed Training Mechanics and Physiology Speed Training Safety Considerations Combining Plyometrics and Speed Training With Other Forms of Exercise Conclusion Plyometric and Speed Drills Learning Aids Part V. Clients With Unique NeedsChapter 18. Clients Who Are Preadolescent, Older, or Pregnant Preadolescent Youth Older Adults Pregnant Women Conclusion Learning Aids Chapter 19. Clients With Nutritional and Metabolic Concerns Overweight and Obesity Eating Disorders Hyperlipidemia Metabolic Syndrome Diabetes Mellitus Conclusion Learning Aids Chapter 20. Clients With Cardiovascular and Respiratory Conditions Health Screening and Risk Stratification Hypertension Myocardial Infarction, Stroke, and Peripheral Vascular Disease Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Asthma Conclusion Learning Aids Chapter 21. Clients With Orthopedic, Injury, and Rehabilitation Concerns Injury Classification Impact of Injury on Function Tissue Healing Following Injury Orthopedic Concerns and the Personal Trainer Low Back Shoulder Ankle Knee Hip Arthritis Conclusion Learning Aids Chapter 22. Clients With Spinal Cord Injury, Multiple Sclerosis, Epilepsy, and Cerebral Palsy Spinal Cord Injury Multiple Sclerosis Epilepsy Cerebral Palsy Conclusion Learning Aids Chapter 23. Resistance Training for Clients Who Are Athletes Factors in Program Design Periodization of Resistance Training Linear and Nonlinear Models of Periodized Resistance Training Conclusion Learning Aids Part VI. Safety and Legal IssuesChapter 24. Facility and Equipment Layout and Maintenance Facility Design and Planning Facility Specification Guidelines Selecting Exercise Equipment Floor Plan and Equipment Organization Special Considerations for a Home Facility Facility and Equipment Maintenance Conclusion Learning Aids Chapter 25. Legal Aspects of Personal Training Claims and Litigation Fitness Industry Response to Claims and Litigation Claims in Health and Fitness Activities Records and Documentation Ethical Codes Conclusion Learning Aids
Founded in 1978, the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) is an international nonprofit educational association with members in over 56 countries. Drawing on its vast network of members, the NSCA develops and presents the most advanced information regarding strength training and conditioning practices, injury prevention, and research findings. Unlike any other organization, the NSCA brings together a diverse group of professionals from the sport science, athletic, allied health, and fitness industries. By working to find practical applications for new research findings in the strength and conditioning field, the association fosters the development of strength training and conditioning as a discipline and as a profession. Jared W. Coburn, PhD, CSCS,*D, FNSCA, FACSM, is a professor of kinesiology at California State University at Fullerton, where he has earned numerous awards for teaching and research excellence. Before entering the world of academia, Coburn worked as a personal trainer, strength and conditioning coach, and director of physical therapy clinics and fitness and wellness centers. His interest in applying scientific principles to the training of clients and athletes is based largely on his experience as a practitioner. Coburn has published widely and frequently lectures on topics related to exercise training. He is particularly interested in studying muscle function during strength, power, and endurance exercises and has presented his work in peer-reviewed journals and textbook chapters. Coburn is an active member of the National Strength and Conditioning Association, where he has held membership since 1984. He holds bachelor's and master's degrees from California State University at Fullerton and a PhD from the University of Nebraska at Lincoln. Coburn lives with his wife, Tamara, and their two children in Norco, California. Moh H. Malek, PhD, CSCS,*D, NSCA-CPT,*D, FNSCA, FACSM, is an associate professor in the College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences and director of the Integrative Physiology of Exercise Laboratory at Wayne State University in Detroit, Michigan. Malek conducts research in both human and animal models examining the underlying mechanisms of muscle fatigue. In 2010, Malek received the NSCA's Terry J. Housh Outstanding Young Investigator of the Year Award. Malek has published over 60 peer-reviewed papers related to exercise physiology and has presented his research at the NSCA National Conference since 2004. Since 2007, he has served as associate editor of Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. He also serves on the editorial board of Medicine & Science in Sport & Exercise. Malek received his bachelor's degrees in biology and psychology from Pitzer College, his master's degree in kinesiology from California State University at Fullerton, and a PhD in exercise physiology from the University of Nebraska at Lincoln. Malek and his wife, Bridget, reside in Northville, Michigan. In his free time, Malek enjoys watching football, fitness training, and reading.