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Home » Books » Science » Mathematics » Calculus

Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos

With Applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry, and Engineering (Studies in Nonlinearity)

By Steven H. Strogatz

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Format: Paperback, 528 pages, 2nd Revised edition Edition
Other Information: Illustrated
Published In: United States, 01 July 2014
This textbook is aimed at newcomers to nonlinear dynamics and chaos, especially students taking a first course in the subject. The presentation stresses analytical methods, concrete examples, and geometric intuition. The theory is developed systematically, starting with first-order differential equations and their bifurcations, followed by phase plane analysis, limit cycles and their bifurcations, and culminating with the Lorenz equations, chaos, iterated maps, period doubling, renormalization, fractals, and strange attractors. A unique feature of the book is its emphasis on applications. These include mechanical vibrations, lasers, biological rhythms, superconducting circuits, insect outbreaks, chemical oscillators, genetic control systems, chaotic waterwheels, and even a technique for using chaos to send secret messages. In each case, the scientific background is explained at an elementary level and closely integrated with mathematical theory. In the twenty years since the first edition of this book appeared, the ideas and techniques of nonlinear dynamics and chaos have found application to such exciting new fields as systems biology, evolutionary game theory, and sociophysics. This second edition includes new exercises on these cutting-edge developments, on topics as varied as the curiosities of visual perception and the tumultuous love dynamics in Gone With the Wind.

Table of Contents

Preface 1. Overview 1.0 Chaos, Fractals, and Dynamics 1.1 Capsule History of Dynamics 1.2 The Importance of Being Nonlinear 1.3 A Dynamical View of the World PART I. ONE-DIMENSIONAL FLOWS 2. Flows on the Line 2.0 Introduction 2.1 A Geometric Way of Thinking 2.2 Fixed Points and Stability 2.3 Population Growth 2.4 Linear Stability Analysis 2.5 Existence and Uniqueness 2.6 Impossibility of Oscillations 2.7 Potentials 2.8 Solving Equations on the Computer Exercises 3. Bifurcations 3.0 Introduction 3.1 Saddle-Node Bifurcation 3.2 Transcritical Bifurcation 3.3 Laser Threshold 3.4 Pitchfork Bifurcation 3.5 Overdamped Bead on a Rotating Hoop 3.6 Imperfect Bifurcations and Catastrophes 3.7 Insect Outbreak Exercises 4. Flows on the Circle 4.0 Introduction 4.1 Examples and Definitions 4.2 Uniform Oscillator 4.3 Nonuniform Oscillator 4.4 Overdamped Pendulum 4.5 Fireflies 4.6 Superconducting Josephson Junctions Exercises PART II. TWO-DIMENSIONAL FLOWS 5. Linear Systems 5.0 Introduction 5.1 Definitions and Examples 5.2 Classification of Linear Systems 5.3 Love Affairs Exercises 6. Phase Plane 6.0 Introduction 6.1 Phase Portraits 6.2 Existence, Uniqueness, and Topological Consequences 6.3 Fixed Points and Linearization 6.4 Rabbits versus Sheep 6.5 Conservative Systems 6.6 Reversible Systems 6.7 Pendulum 6.8 Index Theory Exercises 7. Limit Cycles 7.0 Introduction 7.1 Examples 7.2 Ruling Out Closed Orbits 7.3 Poincare-Bendixson Theorem 7.4 Lienard Systems 7.5 Relaxation Oscillators 7.6 Weakly Nonlinear Oscillators Exercises 8. Bifurcations Revisited 8.0 Introduction 8.1 Saddle-Node, Transcritical, and Pitchfork Bifurcations 8.2 Hopf Bifurcations 8.3 Oscillating Chemical Reactions 8.4 Global Bifurcations of Cycles 8.5 Hysteresis in the Driven Pendulum and Josephson Junction 8.6 Coupled Oscillators and Quasiperiodicity 8.7 Poincare Maps Exercises PART III. CHAOS 9. Lorenz Equations 9.0 Introduction 9.1 A Chaotic Waterwheel 9.2 Simple Properties of the Lorenz Equations 9.3 Chaos on a Strange Attractor 9.4 Lorenz Map 9.5 Exploring Parameter Space 9.6 Using Chaos to Send Secret Messages Exercises 10. One-Dimensional Maps 10.0 Introduction 10.1 Fixed Points and Cobwebs 10.2 Logistic Map: Numerics 10.3 Logistic Map: Analysis 10.4 Periodic Windows 10.5 Liapunov Exponent 10.6 Universality and Experiments 10.7 Renormalization Exercises 11. Fractals 11.0 Introduction 11.1 Countable and Uncountable Sets 11.2 Cantor Set 11.3 Dimension of Self-Similar Fractals 11.4 Box Dimension 11.5 Pointwise and Correlation Dimensions Exercises 12. Strange Attractors 12.0 Introductions 12.1 The Simplest Examples 12.2 Henon Map 12.3 Rossler System 12.4 Chemical Chaos and Attractor Reconstruction 12.5 Forced Double-Well Oscillator Exercises Answers to Selected Exercises References Author Index Subject Index

About the Author

Steven Strogatz is the Schurman Professor of Applied Mathematics at Cornell University. His honours include MIT's highest teaching prize, a lifetime achievement award for the communication of mathematics to the general public, and membership in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. His research on a wide variety of nonlinear systems,from synchronized fireflies to small-world networks,has been featured in the pages of Scientific American, Nature, Discover, Business Week, and The New York Times.

Reviews

"The new edition has a friendly yet clear technical style ... One of the book's biggest strengths is that it explains core concepts through practical examples drawn from various fields and from real-world systems ... the author's excellent use of geometric and graphical techniques greatly clarifies what can be amazingly complex behavior." --Physics Today "Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos is an excellent book that effectively demonstrates the power and beauty of the theory of dynamical systems. Its readers will want to learn more." --Mathematical Association of America Praise for the prior edition: "Exceptionally well-written. Time after time, Strogatz gives explanations of concepts that are among the most lucid I have ever read...One of the best introductions to nonlinear dynamics currently available." --SIAM Review "The examples impressed me with their subtlety and incisiveness. Important, delicate distinctions and exceptions are highlighted and accessible." --Physics Today "More than any undergraduate book that I have seen in recent years, this book can lure students into the mathematical sciences, make them want to change their major, and spark in them some real intellectual curiosity." --UMAP Journal

EAN: 9780813349107
ISBN: 0813349109
Publisher: Westview Press
Dimensions: 22.8 x 15.5 x 2.8 centimetres (0.73 kg)
Age Range: 15+ years
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