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Novel Materials for Catalysis and Fuel Processing

Catalysis drives the majority of industrial chemical processes and is an essential element for the current fossil fuel based economy. Continual improvement and innovation in catalysis plays a key role in the development of more efficient and effective fuel processing technologies. To achieve this goal, novel catalysts need to be designed for chemical conversions running at much higher yields and with better selectivity, which can improve the economics and sustainability of these processes by reducing the consumption of raw materials, energy, and emissions to the environment. This book is based on contributions to the symposium "Novel Materials for Catalysis and Fuels Processing " that took place at the 243rd ACS National Meeting in San Diego, California on March, 2012. Many topics concerning the growing area of materials for catalysis and fuel processing were presented in this symposium, and they constitute the main content of this book, including theoretical and experimental advances in the areas of catalyst synthesis, characterization, and kinetics for renewable feedstocks conversion, alternative fuel production, emission control, selective reductive and oxidative processes, and carbon sequestration and transformation. This book contains 14 peer-reviewed chapters. These chapters have been organized in five sections: (I) general overview (Chapter 1), (II) computer-aided design (Chapters 2 and 3), (III) spectroscopic characterization (Chapter 4), (IV) kinetics-aided design (Chapter 5), and (V) applications of novel catalysts (Chapters 6 to 14). It will appeal to both basic and applied researchers in academia andindustry who would like a comprehensive overview of the most recent studies targeting the development of the next generation of catalysts. The selection of topics presented here touches upon current progress and development of novel materials and catalysts for fuels and chemicals processing.
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Table of Contents

Preface ; Part I: General Aspects ; 1. Design of Heterogeneous Catalysts for Fuels and Chemicals Processing: An ; Overview ; Juan J. Bravo-Suarez, Raghunath V. Chaudhari, and Bala Subramaniam ; Part II: Computer-Aided Design ; 2. Computational Studies of Structure and Catalytic Activity of Vanadia for ; Propane Oxidative Dehydrogenation ; Lei Cheng and Larry A. Curtiss ; 3. Molecular Simulation of Carbon Capture in a Series of Isoreticular Zeolitic ; Imidazolate Materials ; Yao Houndonougbo ; Part III: Spectroscopic Characterization ; 4. Utilizing Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy for the Study of ; Interfacial Phenomena: Probing Interactions on an Alumina Surface ; Eric V. Formo, Zili Wu, Shannon M. Mahurin, and Sheng Dai ; Part IV: Kinetics-Aided Design ; 5. Interactions of Sulfur Oxides with Diesel Oxidation Catalysts (DOCs) ; Hom N. Sharma, Steven L. Suib, and Ashish B. Mhadeshwar ; Part V: Applications ; Hydrodesulfurization ; 6. Hydrodesulfurization Studies on SBA-16 Supported Molybdenum ; Hydrotreating Catalysts ; Kapil Soni, Thallada Bhaskar, Manoj Kumar, Kamaraju Seetha Rama Rao, and ; Gudimella Murali Dhar ; Epoxidation ; 7. Characterization and Catalytic activity of Cu-TUD-1 for Styrene ; Epoxidation ; Muthusamy Poomalai Pachamuthu, Anand Ramanathan, Kannan Santhi, and ; Rajamanickam Maheswari ; 8. Rapid Room Temperature Synthesis of Ce-MCM-48: An Active Catalyst ; for trans-Stilbene Epoxidation with tert-Butyl Hydroperoxide ; Anand Ramanathan, Rajamanickam Maheswari, Prem S. Thapa, and ; Bala Subramaniam ; Syngas Conversion ; 9. Rhodium Nanoparticles Confined in Ordered Mesoporous Carbon: ; Microscopic Characterization and Catalytic Application for Synthesis Gas ; Conversion to Ethanol ; Song-Hai Chai, Jane Y. Howe, Michelle Kidder, Xiqing Wang, Viviane Schwartz, ; Steven H. Overbury, Sheng Dai, and De-en Jiang ; Dehydrogenation ; 10. Carbon-Mediated Catalysis: Oxidative Dehydrogenation on Graphitic ; Carbon ; Viviane Schwartz, Steven H. Overbury, and Chengdu Liang ; Emerging Areas ? Renewables Conversion ; 11. Supported Hybrid Enzyme-Organocatalysts for Upgrading the Carbon ; Content of Alcohols ; Kapil Kandel, Stacey M. Althaus, Marek Pruski, and Igor I. Slowing ; 12. Activity and Selectivity of Base Promoted Mono and Bimetallic Catalysts ; for Hydrogenolysis of Xylitol and Sorbitol ; Xin Jin, Bala Subramaniam, and Raghunath V. Chaudhari ; 13. The Effect of Calcination Temperature on the Properties and ; Hydrodeoxygenation Activity of Ni2P Catalysts Prepared Using Citric ; Acid ; Victoria M. L. Whiffen and Kevin J. Smith ; 14. Hydrocarbon Production from Carboxylic Acids via Catalytic ; Deoxygenation: Required Catalytic Properties ; Zhong He and Xianqin Wang ; Editors' Biographies ; Indexes ; Author Index ; Subject Index

About the Author

Juan J. Bravo-Suarez is affiliated with the Center for Environmentally Beneficial Catalysis. Michelle K. Kidder is affiliated with the Chemical Sciences Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Viviane Schwartz is affiliated with the Center for Nanophase Materials Science at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

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