Novel Trends in Electroorganic Synthesis
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|Format: ||Paperback, 484 pages|
|Other Information: ||black & white illustrations|
|Published In: ||United Kingdom, 03 January 2013|
Among the topics of interest to organic chemists today are the versatility and uniqueness of electrolysis procedures in organic synthesis, as well as the latest advances in methodology, including basic concepts for the design of electrolysis conditions and apparatus. The International Symposium on Electroorganic Synthesis met in Kurashiki, Japan, in September 1997 for lectures on all aspects of current research in the field. This volume comprising the papers from the symposium consists of two parts. Part I, Electrooxidation, includes papers on alcohols and phenols, olefins and aromatics, halogenation, polymers, and electrodes, among others. Included in Part II, Electroreduction, are papers on carbonyl compounds, halogen-containing compounds, reaction with EG bases, and metal complexes. The novel trends presented here will be of special interest to researchers and graduate students in electroorganic chemistry and are a valuable resource for all organic chemists.
Table of Contents
Electroactivation of Transition Metal Redox Couples for the Carbonylation of Alcohols to Dialkylcarbonates.- Electroorganic Cyclisation of Oxygen-Containing Compounds.- Electrochemical Oxidation of Alcohol with Nickel Hydroxide Electrocatalyst Studied by the in situ Techniques: Infrared Spectroscopy, Potential Modulated Reflectance Spectroscopy and Electrochemical Methods. An Attempt for Electroorganic Synthesis of Organic Acids.- Redox Catalysis of Novel Heterocyclic o-Quinone Coenzymes.- Natural Product Syntheses Using Phenolic Oxidation in the Key Step.- Reactivity of o,o?-Dihalogenated Phenols in Anodic Oxidations.- Electrochemical Synthesis of Euglobal Skeletons via Biomimic Cycloaddition.- Electrochemical Cleavage of Benzylic Single and Double Carbon-Carbon Bonds.- Some Observations on Intermediates of c-Hexene Bifunctionalization.- Formation and Reactivity of Radical Cations of Cyclopropane Derivatives.- Epoxidation of 1,4-Naphthoquinones by Electrochemically Generated Hypohalogen Acids.- Experimental and Theoretical Studies on Preparation of Hydroquinone from Benzene in a Paired Packed-Bed Electrode Reactor.- Useful Electro-Oxidative Conversions of Aromatic Compounds.- The Electrochemical Trifluoromethylation and Perfluoroalkoxylation of Aromatic Compounds.- Anodic Electrochemistry: Recent Advances in the Total Synthesis of Complex Organic Molecules.- Electrogenerated N,O-Acetals in Cyclization and Cycloaddition Reactions.- Anodic Oxydation of Heterocycles: Alkaloids Synthesis.- Iminoquinones as Electrogenerated Electrophilic Species.- The Mechanism of the C-S Bond Cleavage in Electron Transfer Reactions of ?-OrganothioSubstituted Heteroatom Compounds.- Modification of Cephalosporins Bearing Substituents at C(3?)-Position via Electrogenerated Radical-Cation of Sulfide.- Electrolytic C-S Cleavages Giving Rise to Ketones and Carboxylic Acids.- Ring Opening Reaction of Phenylthio-Cyclopropanes by Anodic or Photochemical One-Electron Oxidation.- Addition of Electrochemically Generated Chalcogenolate Anions and/or Radicals on the Activated Double Bond.- Anodic Oxidation of Bis(2,6-dimethoxyphenyl)chalcogenides.- Redox Properties of Hydroxyphenyl Nitronyl Nitroxide.- Synthesis of Terminal-Biradical Compounds Consisting of Two N-oxyl Groups Connected with Conjugated ?-systems.- Interfacial Redox Behavior of Mono- and Multilayers of Tetrathiafulvalene Terminated Alkane-Tetrathiol on Gold Electrode.- Electrochemical Reactions of Phosphorous Acid Esters.- Reactions of Electrochemically Generated Alkoxy Phosphonium Ions.- A New Concept and Technology in Electrooxidative Carbon-Carbon Bond Formation.- Anodic Oxidation of Cyclic Organic Polysilanes.- Synthesis, Chemistry, and Anodic Oxidation of 1,2-Bis(trialkylsilyl)ethanes.- Synthesis of Optically Active 1,3-Dienes from Alkenylstannanes by a Combination of Electrooxidation and Copper-Mediated Homocoupling Reaction.- Selective Anodic Fluorination of Heterocycles. Potential Application towards Pharmaceuticals.- Electrochemical Partial Fluorination of ?,?-Unsaturated Esters.- Electro-Oxidation of Enamines Using Iodide Ion as a Mediator.- A Convenient Electrochemical O-Glycosylation of Thioglycoside Using Catalytic Br?.- Indirect Anodic Fluorodesulfurization Using Triarylamine Mediators.- Electrooxidation of Cyclohexanol to Cyclohexanone in the Presence of a Mediatory System.- Electrochemical Oxidation of Diols Mediated by Organotin Compounds.- Photoinduced Electrochemical Oxidation of Alcohols Utilizing Flavin Analog Mediators in Organic Electrolytes.- Application of Transition Metal Substituted ?-Keggin Silicon Polyoxotungstates as Oxidation Electrocatalyst.- New Conducting Polypyrroles Fused with Aromatic Rings.- Electrochemical Cyclooligomerization of 1,4-Bis(1,4-dithiafulven-6-yl)benzene and Analogues.- Rectifying and Photovoltaic Effects of Organic Hetero-Junction Films Based on Fluorenone Derivatives / Poly(3-methylthiophene) Prepared by Electrochemical Polymerization and Undoping.- Electrochemical Synthesis and Properties of Poly(3-methylthiophene) Doped with Pentachlorostannate Anion.- A New Method for Chemical Modification of Conducting Polypyrroles.- Modification of Glassy Carbon Surfaces by Anodic Oxidation in 1-Alkanols.- Modified Graphite Felt Electrode. Application to Electrocatalysis.- Anodic Oxidation of Organics on Oxide Anodes.- Electrocatalytic Oxidation on an (S)-Enantioselective Chiral TEMPO-Modified Electrode.- Enantioselective, Electrocatalytic Oxidation of 1-Phenylethylamine on a Chiral TEMPO-Modified Electrode.- Modification of Thiols onto Single Crystal Surfaces of Gold Electrodes for Metalloprotein Electrochemistry.- Diels-Alder Reaction of in situ Generated Quinones on a Lithium Perchlorate/Polyethyleneglycol Modified Electrode.- Electrochemical Oxidation of Biological Amines on the Electrodes Modified with Hydrophobic Monolayers.- Study on Anodic Oxidation of Esters on Transition Metal Oxide Electrodes.- Unusual Rearrangement by Anodic Oxidation of Cycloalkanones in the Presence of Trifluoroacetic Acid.- Conversion of Biomass Derived Products by Anodic Activation.- Electrochemical Activation of Carbon Dioxide. Synthesis of Organic Carbonates and Carbamates.- Electrocatalytic Reduction of CO2 on the Dual-Film Electrodes Modified with Various Metal Complexes.- Control of Product Distribution by Use of Surfactants in Cathodic Reduction of Acetophenone.- Electroorganic Synthesis of Optically Active Alcohols from Ketone and Aldehyde Derivatives Using Alcohol Dehydrogenase as an Electrocatalyst.- Electrochemistry of Diphenylcyclopropenone in Aprotic Solvents: Electrochemical Synthesis of Oligomers and Electrochemically Driven Decarbonylation Reaction.- Remarkable Effect of Supporting Electrolyte on the Electroreductive Cyclization of Cyclic Enones.- Influence of Electrogenerated Bases on the Electroreduction of Some Carbonyl Derivatives.- Electroreductive Intermolecular Coupling of Unsaturated Compounds.- Electroreductive Cyclization Reactions. Studies Directed toward the Phorbol Esters and Bioactive Diterpenes.- Selective Electroorganic Reductions in Undivided Cells.- Enantioselective Cathodic Hydrogenation of Prostereogenic Activated Double Bonds.- Electroreduction of Organic Compounds with Two Reactive Centers. II. Isophthal Aldehyde.- Synthetic Application of Homogeneous Charge Transfer Catalysis in the Electrocarboxylation of Benzyl Halides.- Synthesis of ?,?-Unsaturated Carboxylic Acids by Electrochemical Carboxylation of Vinyl Bromides and Its Application to the Synthesis of Anti-inflammatory Agents.- New and Convenient Synthesis of 3-Methylene-4-pentenoic Acid by Electrochemical Carboxylation.- Electrochemical Carboxylation of Severel Organic Halides in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide.- Synthesis of ?-Keto Acids by Electrochemical Carboxylation of Vinyl Triflates.- Use of Sacrficial Anodes in the Transformation of Organic Halides Residuals from Industry.- Electroreductive Carbon-Halogen Bond Fission of Alkyl Halides. Michael-Type Addition of Radicals Generated by One-Electron Reduction.- Ultrasonic Effects on Electrocatalytic Processes.- Electrochemical Darzens Synthesis.- Electro-organic Reactions. Part 48: Pathways for Carbon-Carbon Bond Formation: The Redox Chemistry of Quinodimethanes and of Alkenyl-Substituted Heteroaromatics.- Intramolecular Radical Cyclization Reactions. Scope and Limitations for Electrochemical Processes.- Electrosynthesis of Heterocyclic Compounds and Other Alternative Electrosynthetic Processes.- Reactivity of Superoxide Ion with Organohalogens and Chalcones.- Some Electrochemical Transformation of Polyhalomethanes.- Investigation of the Coupling Reaction between Aromatic Radical Anions and Alkyl Radicals.- Electrochemical Generation of Fluorinated Active Species - A New Approach to the Synthesis of Organofluorine Compounds.- Electroreduction of Dihaloperfluoroalkanes and Perfluoroalkylhalides in Near-Critical and Supercritical CO2-Methanol Medium.- Electroreductive Defluorination of Trifluoromethyl Imines.- Cathodic Cleavage of 1-Trifluoromethyl 1-Alkenyl Sulfone and Sulfoxide.- Electrochemical Route to Fluorinated Keto-esters.- Electrochemical Syntheses of Organofluorine Compounds.- Electrochemical Introduction of Fluorinated Substituents into Organic Molecules.- Investigation of the Mechanisms of Electrogeneration of Anions.- Electrochemical Formation of Favorskii Rearrangement Type Intermediates and their Reactivities.- Studies of Cathodically-Promoted Addition Reactions of Nitromethane with Various Aldehydes.- New Electroorganic Results in the Reduction of Phenacyl Azide Derivatives.- Chemical and Electrochemical Reductive Cyclizations of o-Nitroarenes toward Nitrogen Containing Heterocycles.- The Synthesis of Substituted Aminoindoles by Chemical and Electrochemical Reduction of Nitroindoles.- Technological Aspects of Electrosynthesis of N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine.- Electroreduction of Organic Compounds with Two Reactive Centers. I. 1,2,4-Triazines.- Single Electron-Transfer Reactions of Arylimines.- Alkyl Transfer Reactions of Trialkylborane to the Carbonyl Groups by Electrochemical Method.- Hydroboration of Alkenes or Alkynes by Electrolysis of Sodium Borohydride.- Back-Biting Reactions of ?-Conjugated Polymers in Electrochemical Systems.- Formation of Sn-Sn Bond and Synthesis of Polystannane by Electrolysis.- A Consideration on Mechanism of Tin-Mediated Electroallylation of Carbonyl Compounds.- Asymmetric Carbon-Carbon and Carbon-Silicon Bond Formation of Activated Olefins Promoted by Mg-Metal and Electroreduction.- Recent Progress in the Electrochemical Synthesis of Polysilanes.- The Electrochemistry of Biologically Active 2-Hydroxy Naphthoquinones: The Role of Hydrogen Bonding. Reductive Silylation and Acetylation, Usuful Electrochemical Transformations.- Electrochemistry of Organosilicon Compounds: From Halosilanes to Ethynylsilanes, Siloles, and Organosilicon Polymers.- The Generation of Hydroxymethyl Radicals: Photoinduced Electron Transfer as Opposed to Electrochemical Electron Transfer.- Electroreductive Synthesis of Sequence-Ordered Polysilanes Using Mg Electrodes.- Catalytic Reduction of Halogenated Organic Compounds with Electrogenerated Metal(I) Salen Complexes.- Palladium-Catalyzed Carboxylation of Vinyl Triflates. Electrosynthesis of ?,?-Unsaturated Carboxylic Acids.- Investigation of the Mechanism of Palladium-Catalyzed Reactions by Electrochemistry.- Electrochemical Reduction of Some [?5-Cyclopentadienyl)(?6-arene)iron(II)][PF6] Complexes Bearing an Imine or a Nitrone Function in Benzylic Position of the Arene Ligand.- Stereoselectivity in the Electroreductive Syntheses with Aryl and Alkenyl Halides Catalyzed by Nickel Complexes.- Nickel-Catalyzed Electrochemical Reductive Cleavage of the Oxygen-Carbon Bond of Allyl Ethers: Synthetic Applications.- Exploring Co-Mediated Organic Reactions. Modelling Molecular Recognition in Vitamin B12 Dependent Reactions.- Electrochemical 1,2-Migration Reactions Mediated by Vitamin B12 Derivatives.- Catalytic Activity of Vitamin B12 Derivative Having Amino Acid Residues.- Electron Transfer Reactions of Semi-Artificial Biomolecules.- Ultramicroelectrodes: Their Use in Semi-Artificial Synapses.- Polypeptides Endowed with Artificial Redox Functions.- Some Aspects of Development in Direct Cathodic Deprotonation.- Electrochemical Reactions of Organic Materials on Diamond Electrodes.- Catalysis of Metal Ions on Electron Transfer Reactions.- Synthetic Use of Electroinduced Hydrogen Abstraction.- ?-? Charge-Transfer Interaction of the Tetracyanoethylene ?-Dianion Generated at Sequential Electroreduction Steps.- Physical-Energetical Reaction Control in Electroorganic Processes.- Method of Producing Choline of a High Purity.- The Study of Nickel Hydroxide Catalyst Surface During Organic Electrosynthesis by Atomic Force Microscopy.- Sandwich Electrodes and Their Possible Application in Organic Electrosynthesis Studied by Atomic Force Microscopy.- Microstructural Analysis of Carbon Fiber for Lithium Rechargeable Battery.- Application of Sydnones to Lithium Battery Electrolytes.- Interfacial Reaction and Charge/Discharge Properties of LiMn2O4 with Organic Electrolyte.- Stereochemistry and Electrochemistry, Synthetic and Analytical Implications in the Synthesis of Molecules of Defined Handedness.- Reversible Electron Transfer in Electroorganic Chemistry.
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